Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

16 downloads
202 views

The expression of carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX is up-regulated in many types of solid tumors in humans under hypoxic and acidic microenvironment. Inhibition of CA IX enzymatic activity with selective inhibitors, antibodies or labeled probes has been shown to reverse...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4068
25 downloads
471 views

In this paper, we have presented a microwave scattering analysis from multiple human head models. This study incorporates different levels of detail in the human head models and its effect on microwave scattering phenomenon. Two levels of detail are taken into...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4061
54 downloads
471 views

Zebrafish is emerging as a species of choice for the study of a number of biomechanics problems, including balance development, schooling, and neuromuscular transmission. The precise quantification of the flow physics around swimming zebrafish is critical toward...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Bioengineering","Biophysics","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4041
51 downloads
267 views

Solanum lycopersicum, belonging to Solanaceae, is one of the commonly used model plants. The GRAS genes are transcriptional regulators, which play a significant role in plant growth and development, and the functions of several GRAS genes have been recognized,...

["Agricultural Science","Biophysics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3955
121 downloads
697 views

Neuron types (e.g., pyramidal cells) within one area of the brain are often considered homogeneous, despite variability in their biophysical properties. Here we review literature demonstrating variability in the electrical activity of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal...

["Biophysics","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3836
78 downloads
584 views

Energy buffering systems are key for homeostasis during variations in energy supply. Spiders are the most important predators for insects and therefore key in terrestrial ecosystems. From biomedical interest, spiders are important for their venoms and as a source...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Zoology","Allergy and Clinical Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3787
167 downloads
1,095 views

Background The ostrich is a cursorial bird with extraordinary speed and endurance, especially in the desert, and thus is an ideal large-scale animal model for mechanic study of locomotion on granular substrate. Methods The plantar pressure distributions of ostriches...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Biophysics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3613
149 downloads
592 views

Background The growth and development of plants is deleteriously affected by various biotic and abiotic stress factors. Wounding in plants is caused by exposure to environmental stress, mechanical stress, and via herbivory. Typically, oxidative burst in response...

["Agricultural Science","Biophysics","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3050
204 downloads
1,585 views

Human impacts are causing ecosystem phase shifts from coral- to algal-dominated reef systems on a global scale. As these ecosystems undergo transition, there is an increased incidence of coral-macroalgal interactions. Mounting evidence indicates that the outcome...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Biophysics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3423
198 downloads
1,107 views

A complete understanding of the feeding structures is fundamental in order to study how animals survive. Some birds use long and protrusible tongues as the main tool to collect their central caloric source (e.g., woodpeckers and nectarivores). Hummingbirds are...

["Biophysics","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3449
103 downloads
481 views

Long bone curvature in animal limbs has long been a subject of interest and much work has explored why long bones should be curved. However, the ‘when’ and ‘how’ of curvature development is poorly understood. It has been shown that the rat tibia fails to attain...

["Biophysics","Developmental Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3386
1 citation
101 downloads
561 views

Background Freezing is commonly used for food preservation. It is usually done under constant atmospheric pressure (isobaric). While extending the life of the produce, isobaric freezing has detrimental effects. It causes loss of food weight and changes in food...

["Agricultural Science","Biophysics","Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3322
202 downloads
556 views

Background Cell membrane permeabilization by pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) is a novel contactless method which results in effects similar to conventional electroporation. The non-invasiveness of the methodology, independence from the biological object homogeneity...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Biotechnology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3267
1 citation
189 downloads
845 views

It has recently been proposed that the caudal curvature (concave caudal side) observed in the radioulna of terrestrial quadrupeds is an adaptation to the habitual action of the triceps muscle which causes cranial bending strains (compression on cranial side). The...

["Animal Behavior","Biophysics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3229
101 downloads
380 views

Background Electrolytic ablation and electroporation based ablation are minimally invasive, non-thermal surgical technologies that employ electrical currents and electric fields to ablate undesirable cells in a volume of tissue. In this study, we explore the attributes...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Oncology","Pathology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3190

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