Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

In this paper, we have presented a microwave scattering analysis from multiple human head models. This study incorporates different levels of detail in the human head models and its effect on microwave scattering phenomenon. Two levels of detail are taken into...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4061
43 downloads
421 views

Zebrafish is emerging as a species of choice for the study of a number of biomechanics problems, including balance development, schooling, and neuromuscular transmission. The precise quantification of the flow physics around swimming zebrafish is critical toward...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Bioengineering","Biophysics","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4041
44 downloads
237 views

Peripheral nerves are extremely complex biological structures. The knowledge of their response to stretch is crucial to better understand physiological and pathological states (e.g., due to overstretch). Since their mechanical response is deterministically related...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4005
49 downloads
226 views

Bone marrow stimulation may be applied to regenerate focal cartilage defects, but generally results in transient clinical improvement and formation of fibrocartilage rather than hyaline cartilage. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strive to develop new...

["Bioengineering","Evidence Based Medicine","Orthopedics","Rheumatology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3927
168 downloads
791 views

Segmentation of histopathology sections is a necessary preprocessing step for digital pathology. Due to the large variability of biological tissue, machine learning techniques have shown superior performance over conventional image processing methods. Here we present...

["Bioengineering","Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Histology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3874
69 downloads
771 views

Background Locomotion results from the generation of ground reaction forces (GRF) that cause translations of the center of mass (COM) and generate moments that rotate the body around the COM. The trot is a diagonally-synchronized gait performed by horses at intermediate...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3866
130 downloads
741 views

The mammalian jaw is often modelled as a third-class lever for the purposes of biomechanical analyses, owing to the position of the resultant muscle force between the jaw joint and the teeth. However, it has been proposed that in some rodents the jaws operate as...

["Bioengineering","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3741
1 citation
76 downloads
409 views

Objective The trabecular meshwork (TM) is the primary substrate of outflow resistance in glaucomatous eyes. Repopulating diseased TM with fresh, functional TM cells might be a viable therapeutic approach. Decellularized TM scaffolds have previously been produced...

["Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3629
110 downloads
703 views

This article describes a public data set containing the three-dimensional kinematics of the whole human body and the ground reaction forces (with a dual force platform setup) of subjects who were standing still for 60 s in different conditions, in which the subjects’...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3626
165 downloads
1,086 views

Background The ostrich is a cursorial bird with extraordinary speed and endurance, especially in the desert, and thus is an ideal large-scale animal model for mechanic study of locomotion on granular substrate. Methods The plantar pressure distributions of ostriches...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Biophysics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3613
148 downloads
496 views

Introduction Different types of headaches and TMJ click influence the masseter muscle activity. The aim of this study was to assess the trend of energy level of the electromyography (EMG) activity of the masseter muscle during open-close clench cycles in migraine...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Evidence Based Medicine","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3556
78 downloads
575 views

Cleavage of mRNA molecules causes their rapid degradation, thereby playing an important role in regulation of gene expression and host genome defense from viruses and transposons in bacterial and eukaryotic cells. Current negative-readout, and repressor-based positive-readout...

["Bioengineering","Molecular Biology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3602
134 downloads
441 views

Transpedicular transdiscal screw fixation is an alternative technique used in lumbar spine fixation; however, it requires an accurate screw trajectory. The aim of this study is to design a novel 3D-printed custom drill guide and investigate its accuracy to guide...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3564
101 downloads
444 views

Background Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is used for the systemic treatment of bone diseases, although it has many side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate a newly formulated OPG-chitosan gel for local application to repair bone defects. Recent studies have...

["Bioengineering","Orthopedics","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3513
136 downloads
514 views

Artifacts removal and rhythms extraction from electroencephalography (EEG) signals are important for portable and wearable EEG recording devices. Incorporating a novel grouping rule, we proposed an adaptive singular spectrum analysis (SSA) method for artifacts...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3474

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