Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

68 downloads
175 views

Rapid uplifts of the Tibetan Plateau and climate change in Asia are thought to have profoundly modulated the diversification of most of the species distributed throughout Asia. The ranoid tree frog genus Rhacophorus, the largest genus in the Rhacophoridae, is widely...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3995
51 downloads
260 views

Morphological differentiation among closely related species provides opportunities to study mechanisms shaping natural phenotypic variation. Here, we address variation in the orientation of melanin-colored body stripes in three cichlid species of the tribe Haplochromini....

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4080
85 downloads
635 views

Background Climate change and infectious diseases threaten animal and plant species, even in natural and protected areas. To cope with these changes, species may acclimate, adapt, move or decline. Here, we test for shifts in anuran distributions in the Luquillo...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4059
89 downloads
429 views

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is often advocated as a tool to assist decision-making in conservation investment and research focus. It is frequently suggested that research efforts should prioritize species in higher threat categories and those that are...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4025
116 downloads
914 views

The arthropodium is the key innovation of arthropods. Its various modifications are the outcome of multiple evolutionary transformations, and the foundation of nearly endless functional possibilities. In contrast to hexapods, crustaceans, and even chelicerates,...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4023
45 downloads
224 views

Acoustic recording has been recognized as a valuable tool for non-intrusive monitoring of the marine environment, complementing traditional visual surveys. Acoustic surveys conducted on coral ecosystems have so far been restricted to barrier reefs and to shallow...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4019
49 downloads
460 views

Background Soil microbial communities (SMC) play a central role in the structure and function of desert ecosystems. However, the high variability of annual precipitation could results in the alteration of SMC and related biological processes depending on soil water...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4007
197 downloads
1,946 views

Due to increasing threats facing bats, long-term monitoring protocols are needed to inform conservation strategies. Effective monitoring should be easily repeatable while capturing spatio-temporal variation. Mobile acoustic driving transect surveys (‘mobile transects’)...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3940
48 downloads
905 views

The distinctive and divergent courtship phenotypes of the birds-of-paradise make them an important group for gaining insights into the evolution of sexually selected phenotypic evolution. The genus Astrapia includes five long-tailed species that inhabit New Guinea’s...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3987
73 downloads
518 views

The Pantanal is one of the world’s largest tropical wetland areas and harbors high mammal biomass. There is no formal list of dung beetle species, and studies on their functional roles have never being carried out in Pantanal. In this study, we identified dung...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3978
58 downloads
259 views

The herbal medicinal genus Aconitum L., belonging to the Ranunculaceae family, represents the earliest diverging lineage within the eudicots. It currently comprises of two subgenera, A. subgenus Lycoctonum and A. subg. Aconitum. The complete chloroplast (cp) genome...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4018
54 downloads
923 views

The genus Contulma Flint (Trichoptera: Anomalopsychidae) is composed mostly of regionally endemic species occurring above 2,000 m, with a few more widespread species and some that are found at lower elevations. Adults of three new species of Contulma are described...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3967
88 downloads
614 views

Background Large carnivores influence ecosystem functions at various scales. Thus, their local extinction is not only a species-specific conservation concern, but also reflects on the overall habitat quality and ecosystem value. Species-habitat relationships at...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3920
70 downloads
376 views

Extensive and in-depth investigations of high-altitude adaptation have been carried out at the level of morphology, anatomy, physiology and genomics, but few investigations focused on the roles of microRNA (miRNA) in high-altitude adaptation. We examined the differences...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3959
80 downloads
572 views

Leptopoma is a species rich genus with approximately 100 species documented. Species-level identification in this group has been based on shell morphology and colouration, as well as some anatomical features based on small sample sizes. However, the implications...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3981

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