Peer-reviewed Articles - Biology

452 downloads
408 views

Background Antimicrobial use in livestock production is an important contemporary issue, which is of public interest worldwide. Antimicrobials are not freely available to Austrian farmers and can only be administered to livestock by veterinarians, or by farmers...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4072
26 downloads
157 views

In tropics, ants can represent an important part of animal biomass and are known to be involved in ecosystem services, such as pest regulation. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the structuring of local ant communities is therefore important in agroecology....

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3917
51 downloads
267 views

Solanum lycopersicum, belonging to Solanaceae, is one of the commonly used model plants. The GRAS genes are transcriptional regulators, which play a significant role in plant growth and development, and the functions of several GRAS genes have been recognized,...

["Agricultural Science","Biophysics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3955
70 downloads
376 views

Extensive and in-depth investigations of high-altitude adaptation have been carried out at the level of morphology, anatomy, physiology and genomics, but few investigations focused on the roles of microRNA (miRNA) in high-altitude adaptation. We examined the differences...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3959
60 downloads
306 views

Background Deficiency of available forms of phosphorus is common in most soils and causes reduction of crop plants growth and yield. Recently, model plants responses to phosphate (Pi) deficiency have been intensively studied. However, acclimation mechanisms of...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3989
42 downloads
162 views

The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effects of graded dietary lead (Pb) concentrations on body weight and Pb concentrations in blood, hair, soft tissues, and urine from pigs and to generate equations for estimating daily Pb intake. Sixteen barrows...

["Agricultural Science","Toxicology","Nutrition","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3936
41 downloads
159 views

Sclerotinia ginseng is a necrotrophic soil pathogen that mainly infects the root and basal stem of ginseng, causing serious commercial losses. Sclerotia, which are important in the fungal life cycle, are hard, asexual, resting structures that can survive in soil...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3979
55 downloads
296 views

Plant type III polyketide synthase (PKS) can catalyse the formation of a series of secondary metabolites with different structures and different biological functions; the enzyme plays an important role in plant growth, development and resistance to stress. At present,...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3974
1 citation
55 downloads
229 views

Conservation biological control emphasizes natural and other non-crop vegetation as a source of natural enemies to focal crops. There is an unmet need for better methods to identify the types of vegetation that are optimal to support specific natural enemies that...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3795
55 downloads
246 views

The fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora can be considered a psychrotrophic bacterial species since it can grow at temperatures ranging from 4 °C to 37 °C, with an optimum of 28 °C. In many plant pathogens the expression of virulence determinants is restricted...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3931
64 downloads
245 views

Limiting the juvenile phase and reducing tree size are the two main challenges for breeders to improve most fruit crops. Early maturation and dwarf cultivars have been reported for many fruit species. “Early mature” and low vigor walnut genotypes were found among...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3834
60 downloads
213 views

Background The red gum lerp psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei Moore (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), an eucalypt insect pest from Australia, was reported in Brazil in 2003. This study evaluated damage patterns of this pest on Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn (Myrtaceae) and...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3864
52 downloads
233 views

Three cryptic species in the Euwallacea fornicatus species complex were reared in laboratory colonies and investigated for the presence of pheromones. Collections of volatiles from combinations of diet, fungus, beetles, and galleries from polyphagous shot hole...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3957
124 downloads
527 views

In arable cropping systems, reduced or conservation tillage practices are linked with improved soil quality, C retention and higher microbial biomass, but most long-term studies rarely focus on depths greater than 15 cm nor allow comparison of microbial community...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3930
95 downloads
428 views

Plant resistance against insect herbivory has greatly focused on antibiosis, whereby the plant has a deleterious effect on the herbivore, and antixenosis, whereby the plant is able to direct the herbivore away from it. Although these two types of resistance may...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3934

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