Background Ontario, Canada is home to eight native species of turtles; all eight are federally listed as Species At Risk, due to anthropogenic threats. However, until recently, reports of infectious disease have been lacking. Ranavirus is seen as an emerging threat...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Veterinary Medicine","Virology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6987

Background Candiduria is common in hospitalized patients. Its management is limited because of inadequate understanding. Previous epidemiological studies based on culture assay have been limited to small study populations. Therefore, data collected by automated...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6935

Objective The present study was designed to better characterize the clinicopathological features and prognosis in patients aged ≥65 years with pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). Methods Eligible patients with pulmonary LCNEC were retrieved from...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Geriatrics","Oncology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6824

Introduction High resolution ultrasonography (US) has been used for diagnosis and evaluation of entrapment peripheral neuropathy. Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) is the second most common focal entrapment neuropathy. The ulnar nerve tends to move to the anteromedial...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6972

Lateralization, or asymmetry in form and/or function, is found in many animal species. Brain lateralization is considered adaptive for an individual, and often results in “handedness,” “footedness,” or a side preference, manifest in behavior and morphology. We...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6936

The growth of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii microalgae cultures was successfully monitored, from classic off-line optical techniques (optical density and fluorescence) to on-line analysis of digital images. In this study, it is shown that the chlorophyll fluorescence...

["Bioengineering","Microbiology","Freshwater Biology","Natural Resource Management","Food, Water and Energy Nexus"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27744v1

Proteins are the building blocks of all cells in both human and all our living creatures of the world. Most of the work in the living organism is performed by Proteins. Proteins are polymers of amino acid monomers which are biomolecules or macromolecules. The tertiary...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27743v1
17 downloads
36 views

Malate dehydrogenase (MDH) is widely distributed in plants and animals, and plays an important role in many metabolic processes. However, there have been few studies on MDH genes in poplar. In this study, 16 MDH gene sequences were identified from the Populus trichocarpa...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27742v1
115 downloads
215 views

Cluster differentiation gene (CD14) is a family of monocyte differentiating genes that works in conjunction with lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP), forming a complex with TLR4 or LY96 to mediate innate immune response to pathogens. In this paper, we used...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Immunology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27668v2
143 downloads
236 views

Epidemics may both contribute to and arise as a result of conflict. The effects of conflict on infectious diseases are complex and there have been confounding observations of both increase and decrease in disease outbreaks during and after conflicts. However there...

["Computational Biology","Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems","Agents and Multi-Agent Systems","Data Science","Scientific Computing and Simulation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27651v2
63 downloads
63 views

Background. The ecological state of surface waters is typically assessed by a multi-aspect approach based on a determination of its chemical and physical parameters by hydromorphology and the use of indicator organisms such as benthic diatoms. By assigning ecological...

["Freshwater Biology","Ecohydrology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27739v1
68 downloads
95 views

In this work, we propose a novel Feature Selection framework, called Sparse-Modeling Based Approach for Class Specific Feature Selection (SMBA-CSFS), that simultaneously exploits the idea of Sparse Modeling and Class-Specific Feature Selection. Feature selection...

["Bioinformatics","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27740v1
55 downloads
136 views

There is increasing interest in the effectiveness of protected areas (PAs) for supporting populations of wildlife. While there are a number of association studies showing a relationship between protected areas and abundance or trends in wild species, studies with...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27741v1
34 downloads
118 views

Background Aging is a major risk factor for the development of many diseases, and the liver, as the most important metabolic organ, is significantly affected by aging. It has been shown that the liver weight tends to increase in rodents and decrease in humans with...

["Genomics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6949
40 downloads
123 views

Network motifs play an important role in the structural analysis of biological networks. Identification of such network motifs leads to many important applications such as understanding the modularity and the large-scale structure of biological networks, classification...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Computational Science","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6917

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