The eastern bettong (Bettongia gaimardi), a medium-sized digging marsupial, was reintroduced to a predator-free reserve after 100 years of absence from the Australian mainland. The bettong may have the potential to restore temperate woodlands degraded by a history...

["Bioengineering","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6622

In this paper, we discuss an extension to two popular approaches to modeling complex structures in ecological data: the generalized additive model (GAM) and the hierarchical model (HGLM). The hierarchical GAM (HGAM), allows modeling of nonlinear functional relationships...

["Ecology","Statistics","Data Science","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6876

The identification of condition-specific genes is key to advancing our understanding of cell fate decisions and disease development. Differential gene expression analysis (DGEA) has been the standard tool for this task. However, the amount of samples that modern...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6970

Traditionally, in the Asian continent, oils are a widely accepted choice for alleviating bone-related disorders. The design of scaffolds resembling the extracellular matrix (ECM) is of great significance in bone tissue engineering. In this study, a multicomponent...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Biotechnology","Orthopedics","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6986

Background Nasal irrigation is widely used as an adjunctive treatment for nasal diseases. There is little evidence regarding the efficacy of the devices used in this procedure. The objective of this survey was to evaluate the effectiveness of nasal irrigation devices...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Drugs and Devices","Nursing","Otorhinolaryngology","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7000

The Norwegian skate Dipturus nidarosiensis (Storm, 1881) has only recently been recorded in the western Mediterranean Sea along the coast of southern Sardinia, off Algeria and the Alboran Sea. The present study confirmed the presence of the species in the Central...

["Biodiversity","Genetics","Marine Biology","Zoology","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7009

Multiple-class land-cover classification approaches can be inefficient when the main goal is to classify only one or a few classes. Under this scenario one-class classification algorithms could be a more efficient alternative. Currently there are several algorithms...

["Computational Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Natural Resource Management","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7016

Causality testing methods are being widely used in various disciplines of science. Model-free methods for causality estimation are very useful, as the underlying model generating the data is often unknown. However, existing model-free/data-driven measures assume...

["Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems","Data Science","Scientific Computing and Simulation"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.196

Mass spectrometry-enabled microbial identification has successfully demonstrated the feasibility of using profiled biomolecules for identifying microorganisms based on a chemometric or proteome database search approach. However, mechanisms driving the preferential...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27759v1

SNARE (Soluble N - ethylmaleimide - sensitive - factor attachment protein receptor) proteins are mainly mediated eukaryotic cell membrane fusion of vesicles transportation, also play an important role in plant resistance to fungal infection. In this study, 1342...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27758v1
10 downloads
38 views

The continental shelf of the Palaeo-Agulhas Plain (PAP) is scattered with Pleistocene deposits with subdued topography. Their exaggerated lateral extension is the expression of a flat underlying substrate and availability of accommodation space, depositional processes...

["Natural Resource Management","Spatial and Geographic Information Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27757v1
104 downloads
219 views

Background. Common phylogenomic approaches for recovering phylogenies are often time-consuming and require annotations for orthologous gene relationships that are not always available. In contrast, alignment-free phylogenomic approaches typically use structure...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27756v1
182 downloads
424 views

Background: Cancer is regarded as an undoubtable major concern for both researchers and the general public because of its high mortality rates. While breast cancer has the highest incidence of malignancy globally, colon cancer also has high morbidity and mortality...

["Toxicology","Drugs and Devices","Global Health","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Oncology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27755v1
2,487 downloads
3,973 views

Bryophyte Phylogeny Poster This educational poster presents an overview of the evolutionary relationships among nonvascular land plants based on data published up to spring 2019. The phylogenetic tree depicts the divisions, subclasses, orders, and families of "bryophytes",...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science","Taxonomy","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27571v3
29 downloads
106 views

Background In the ocean, the variability of environmental conditions found along depth gradients exposes populations to contrasting levels of perturbation, which can be reflected in the overall patterns of species genetic diversity. At shallow sites, resource availability...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Genetics","Marine Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6794

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