Evidence-based medicine (EBM) involves determining treatment that matches the needs of each patient by integrating the best and latest available “scientific evidence” and “clinical skills”. Systematic review and meta-analysis refer to the process of searching databases...

["Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27684v1

While many microbes could be cultivated on common nutrient medium from environmental samples, there is perhaps a larger consortium of microbes that could not be brought under cultivation. Known as viable but non-culturable (VBNC) microbes, many facets of cell biology,...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology","Cell Biology","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27683v1

In the past decades a number of software programs have been developed to deduce the phylogenetic relationship between populations. However, these programs are not suited for large-scale whole genome data. Recently, a few standalone or web applications have been...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27682v1

After decades of human-deterministic explanations for the collapse of the ancient Rapanui civilization that inhabited Easter Island (Rapa Nui) before European contact (1722 CE), paleoecological studies developed during the last decade have provided sound evidence...

["Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Climate Change Biology","Environmental Impacts","Food, Water and Energy Nexus"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27681v1
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It has been well proved that melatonin participates in the regulation of the seasonal reproduction of ewes. However, the effects of short term treatment of melatonin on ewe’s ovulation are still to be clarified. In this study, the effects of melatonin on the number...

["Agricultural Science","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6750
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Background Variation in management across elephant camps likely has differential effects on the well-being of elephants. Methods This study calculated body condition, foot health and skin wound scores (WSs) for 122 elephants from 15 elephant camps in Chiang Mai...

["Agricultural Science","Conservation Biology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6756
1 download
1 view

Diatoms are unicellular algae present almost wherever there is water. Diatom identification has many applications in different fields of study, such as ecology, forensic science, etc. In environmental studies, algae can be used as a natural water quality indicator....

["Bioinformatics","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Taxonomy","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6770
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Mesquite trees are the preferred dendroenergy sources in arid and semi-arid forests. In spite of their relative importance, regional aboveground biomass (AGB) equations for mesquite trees are scarce in the scientific literature. For that reason, the aims of this...

["Natural Resource Management","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6782
2 downloads
2 views

Background Recently, much attention has been paid to the role of neuromuscular function in long-distance running performance. Complex Training (CT) is a combination training method that alternates between performing heavy resistance exercises and plyometric exercises...

["Anthropology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6787
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Marine viruses impact global biogeochemical cycles via their influence on host community structure and function, yet our understanding of viral ecology is constrained by limitations in host culturing and a lack of reference genomes and ‘universal’ gene markers...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6800
1 download
1 view

On the purpose of enhancing the forensic efficiency of CODIS STR loci, new STR loci have been gradually discovered and developed into some commercial multiplex systems. Recently, 22 STR loci including 18 non-CODIS STR loci and four CODIS STR loci were investigated...

["Anthropology","Genetics","Genomics","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6802
1 download
1 view

The cognitive processes underlying belief are still obscure. Understanding these processes may lead to more targeted treatment to better address functional impairment, such as occurs with delusions. One way in which this might be accomplished is to understand healthy,...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6819
2 downloads
1 view

Background The practice of hand hygiene (HH) has prime importance among Health Care Professionals (HCPs) and non-compliance could cause adverse consequences. By keeping the importance of HH in mind, this study aims at investigating the knowledge and attitudes towards...

["Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Nursing","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6823
2 downloads
2 views

Objectives Rheumatology-related diseases remain a significant burden worldwide. However, little is known about the comparative status of rheumatology research between Mainland China (MC) and the world’s leading countries. The aim of this study is to compare the...

["Rheumatology","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6825
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As the most species-rich class of tetrapod vertebrates, Aves possesses diverse feeding habits, with multiple origins of insectivory, carnivory, frugivory, nectarivory, granivory and omnivory. Since digestive enzymes mediate and limit energy and nutrient uptake,...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6840

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