74 downloads
82 views

Background Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 are Osteopontin (OPN) dependent molecules implicated in the destabilization of blood vessels. OPN and MMPs have been studied in brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM) patients’ tissues and blood samples before...

["Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Pathology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7058
56 downloads
272 views

The recognition of individuals through vocalizations is a highly adaptive ability in the social behavior of many species, including humans. However, the extent to which nonlinguistic vocalizations such as screams permit individual recognition in humans remains...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7087
58 downloads
65 views

Background Sevoflurane postconditioning (SpostC) can alleviate hypoxia-reoxygenation injury of cardiomyocytes; however, the specific mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether SpostC promotes mitochondrial autophagy through the hypoxia-inducible...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Cardiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7165
94 downloads
201 views

The extinct ray-finned fish taxon Robustichthys luopingensis from Luoping, eastern Yunnan, China represents the largest holostean known in the Middle Triassic. Despite its potential significance for investigating the holostean phylogeny and reconstructing the Triassic...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7184
76 downloads
66 views

Halophilic and alkaliphilic microalgal strain SAE1 was isolated from the saline–alkaline soil of Songnen Plain of Northeast China. Morphological observation revealed that SAE1 has a simple cellular structure, single cell, spherical, diameter of four to six μm,...

["Cell Biology","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7189
19 downloads
53 views

The Biology Undergraduate Scholars Program (BUSP) at UC Davis provides additional academic support and advising for a small (<40 students) cohort in the biological sciences each year. Students come from historically underrepresented racial or ethnic groups, the...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Mathematical Biology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27816v1
315 downloads
223 views

By viewing memories as first-person internal sensations, it was possible to derive a potential mechanism of nervous system functions. Accordingly, a spectrum inter-postsynaptic functional LINKs (IPLs) are the key structural changes responsible for encoding learning-changes...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27458v2
67 downloads
97 views

Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) plays an important role in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites regulating plant growth response. To date, the evolutionary history of the PAL family in Rosaceae plants remains unclear. In this study, we identified 16 PAL...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27815v1
47 downloads
80 views

This study aims to reveal the formation mechanism of distant hybridization of Quasipaa. We collected five species of Quasipaa for hybridization experiment and raised tadpoles at three temperature groups (14 ℃, 22 ℃, and 28 ℃) and three density groups (5, 15, and...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Developmental Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27814v1
199 downloads
333 views

There is increasing interest in the effectiveness of protected areas (PAs) for supporting populations of wildlife. While there are a number of association studies showing a relationship between protected areas and abundance or trends in wild species, studies with...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27741v2
259 downloads
337 views

In this review, it is suggested that there are connections between hormonal changes, the frequency of DNA methylation, and disease. The commensal microbes of the gut may also affect the production of those hormones. Short Chain Fatty Acids, produced from gut microbiota...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Immunology","Infectious Diseases","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27509v2
102 downloads
157 views

Grassland restoration is largely focused on creating plant communities that match reference conditions. However, these communities reflect only a subset of the biodiversity of grassland systems. We conducted a multi-trophic study to assess ecosystem recovery following...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7038
97 downloads
199 views

The amphibian skin microbiome has been the focus of recent studies aiming to better understand the role of these microbial symbionts in host defense against disease. However, host-associated microbial communities are complex and dynamic, and changes in their composition...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7044
74 downloads
118 views

The fractal formalism in combination with linear image analysis enables statistically significant description and classification of “irregular” (in terms of Euclidean geometry) shapes, such as, outlines of in vitro flattened cells. We developed an optimal model...

["Bioinformatics","Cell Biology","Computational Biology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7056
76 downloads
118 views

Background Ananas comosus var. bracteatus is an herbaceous perennial monocot cultivated as an ornamental plant for its chimeric leaves. Because of its genomic complexity, and because no genomic information is available in the public GenBank database, the complete...

["Agricultural Science","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7062

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