72 downloads
613 views

Background Low-cost face masks made from different cloth materials are very common in developing countries. The cloth masks (CM) are usually double layered with stretchable ear loops. It is common practice to use such masks for months after multiple washing and...

["Public Health","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7142
32 downloads
119 views

Relative gene expression data obtained from quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) experiments are dependent on appropriate normalization to represent true values. It is common to use constitutively expressed endogenous reference genes (RGs) for normalization, but for this...

["Developmental Biology","Molecular Biology","Toxicology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7181
48 downloads
100 views

In this study, a SYBR Green quantitative real-time PCR method was established and applied. Relative expression of the synthetic genes from Microcystis gas vesicles (gvpC), algal toxin genes (mcyA), and polysaccharides (espL) from water and sediments of Meiliang...

["Molecular Biology","Freshwater Biology","Ecohydrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7188
30 downloads
183 views

Background Waste activated sludge (WAS) has recently gained attention as a feedstock for resource recovery. The aim of this study is to investigate the corrosion inhibition efficiencies of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) extracted from WAS. Methods The...

["Natural Resource Management","Green Chemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7193
64 downloads
87 views

Camellia oleifera is one of the four largest woody edible oil plants in the world with high ecological and medicinal values. Due to frequent interspecific hybridization, it was difficult to study its genetics and evolutionary history. This study used C. oleifera...

["Conservation Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7210
33 downloads
35 views

Geographical Information Science (GIScience), also Geographical Information Science and Systems, is a multi-faceted research discipline and comprises a wide variety of topics. Investigation into data management and interoperability of geographical data and environmental...

["Scientific Computing and Simulation","Spatial and Geographic Information Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27822v1
54 downloads
140 views

A major benefit of expansive cancer genome projects is the discovery of new targets for drug treatment and development. To date, cancer driver genes have been primarily identified by methods based on gene mutation frequency. This approach fails to identify culpable...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Oncology","Statistics","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6979
83 downloads
113 views

Changes in soil bacterial communities, which are crucial for the assessment of ecological restoration in Chinese plantations, have never been studied in the “Three North Shelterbelt” project in the semi-arid areas. We used high-throughput sequencing of the 16S...

["Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7141
51 downloads
124 views

In many butterfly species, the posterior end of the hindwings of individuals perching with their wings closed resembles a butterfly head. This “false head” pattern is considered an adaptation to deflect predator attacks to less vulnerable parts of the body. The...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7143
62 downloads
273 views

Isotopic analysis of dog (Canis lupus familiaris) bone recovered from archaeological sites as proxies for human bone is becoming common in North America. Chronological placement of the dogs is often determined through radiocarbon dating of dog bone. The Great Lakes,...

["Anthropology","Biochemistry","Biophysics","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7174
35 downloads
139 views

Background Several authors have indicated that excess body weight can modify the electromyographic (EMG) amplitude due to the accumulation of subcutaneous fat. This accumulation of adipose tissue around the muscle would affect the metabolic capacity during functional...

["Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7175
59 downloads
202 views

Coral reefs rely on their intracellular dinoflagellate symbionts (family Symbiodiniaceae) for nutritional provision in nutrient-poor waters, yet this association is threatened by thermally stressful conditions. Despite this, the evolutionary potential of these...

["Ecology","Genetics","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7178
25 downloads
114 views

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease that primarily affects women, especially those of reproductive age. Genetics, environment, and gene-environment interactions play key roles in the development of SLE. Despite the numerous susceptibility...

["Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Immunology","Nephrology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7179
36 downloads
151 views

It is vital to understand the conservation and evolution of gene promoter sequences in order to understand environmental adaptation. The level of promoter conservation varies greatly between housekeeping (HK) and tissue-specific (TS) genes, denoting differences...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7204
35 downloads
133 views

Background With an increasing number of motor vehicle crashes, there is an urgent need in emergency departments (EDs) to assess patients with multiple trauma quickly, easily, and reliably. Trauma severity can range from a minor to major threats to life or bodily...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Evidence Based Medicine","Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7227

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