249 downloads
1,068 views

The Australian Mesozoic crocodyliform record is sparse in comparison to other Gondwanan localities. A single formally-named taxon is known from this interval; Isisfordia duncani (Winton Formation, Albian–Turonian, Queensland). We present a previously undescribed...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7166
89 downloads
120 views

Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a severe disease characterized by multiple pathological changes. However, there are no reliable diagnostic biomarkers for MDD. The aim of the current study was to investigate the gene network and biomarkers underlying...

["Cell Biology","Immunology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7171
144 downloads
115 views

Background Mallotus oblongifolius, an evergreen shrub endemic to Hainan Island, China, is important both medicinally and economically. Due to its special medicinal significance and the continuing rise of market demand, its populations in the wild have been subject...

["Agricultural Science","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7173
58 downloads
81 views

Background Extraintestinal manifestations (EIM) are common in ulcerative colitis (UC). In Shanghai, China, data on the incidence rate and risk factors of EIM in UC patients remain scarce. Methods The study population consisted of UC patients who were identified...

["Clinical Trials","Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Immunology","Internal Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7194
114 downloads
200 views

Attached epilithic foraminifera constitute an important but overlooked component of the benthic foraminiferal assemblage in the Pleistocene sediment of the central Arctic Ocean. We report 12 types of epilithic foraminifera that have colonised lithic and biogenic...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7207
205 downloads
488 views

We review the concept of ecosystem resilience in its relation to ecosystem integrity from an information theory approach. We summarize the literature on the subject identifying three main narratives: ecosystem properties that enable them to be more resilient; ecosystem...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27813v1
303 downloads
478 views

Epidemics may both contribute to and arise as a result of conflict. The effects of conflict on infectious diseases are complex and there have been confounding observations of both increase and decrease in disease outbreaks during and after conflicts. However there...

["Computational Biology","Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems","Agents and Multi-Agent Systems","Data Science","Scientific Computing and Simulation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27651v6
69 downloads
109 views

A recent perspective has argued that the phrase “Necessary and Sufficient,” long a staple of the genetics literature, has been misapplied in the context of neuroscience, and should be abandoned (Yoshihara and Yoshihara, 2018). Here we rebut this proposal on both...

["Genetics","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27812v1
44 downloads
63 views

This paper describes a potential new explanation for Alzheimer’s disease (AD), referred to here as the lipid leakage model. It proposes that AD is caused by the influx of lipids following the breakdown of the blood brain barrier (BBB).The model argues that a principle...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27811v1
34 downloads
123 views

Background Diabetes mellitus type II (DMT-2) is a widely spread metabolic disorder both in developed and developing countries. The role of oxidative stress is well established in DMT-2 pathogenesis. The synthetic drugs for DMT-2 are associated with serious side...

["Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Plant Science","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7022
75 downloads
117 views

Background More than 50 human placental proteins were isolated and physico-chemically characterized in the 70–80s by Hans Bohn and co-workers. Many of these proteins turned to have important role in placental functions and diagnostic significance in pregnancy complications....

["Gynecology and Obstetrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6982
45 downloads
126 views

We present the complete mitochondrial genome of Paragonimus ohirai Miyazaki, 1939 and compare its features with those of previously reported mitochondrial genomes of the pathogenic lung-fluke, Paragonimus westermani, and other members of the genus. The circular...

["Genomics","Molecular Biology","Parasitology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7031
43 downloads
131 views

Background Common prenatal ailments negatively impact performance of activities of daily living and it has been proposed that the use of dynamic elastomeric fabric orthoses, more commonly referred to as compression garments, during pregnancy might aid in the reduction...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Gynecology and Obstetrics","Kinesiology","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7080
116 downloads
150 views

Robustly delimited species are of paramount importance, the identification of which relies on our ability to discern boundaries between one species and the next. This is not difficult to do when species are very distinct from one another. However, in recently evolved...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7090
68 downloads
118 views

Background Compared to chemical control, the use of naturally occurring biological agents to control invasive pests is less threatening to the environment and human health. Objectives Here, we assessed the ability of immature stages of the lacewing Ceraeochrysa...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7123

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