443 downloads
693 views

Epidemics may both contribute to and arise as a result of conflict. The effects of conflict on infectious diseases are complex and there have been confounding observations of both increase and decrease in disease outbreaks during and after conflicts. However there...

["Computational Biology","Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems","Agents and Multi-Agent Systems","Data Science","Scientific Computing and Simulation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27651v10
1 download
19 views

The objective of this study was to compare specific brain MRI anatomic measurements between three groups of geriatric ( > 8yrs) dogs: 1) neurologically impaired dogs with presumptive spontaneous brain microhemorrhages and no clinical evidence of canine cognitive...

["Veterinary Medicine","Cognitive Disorders","Geriatrics","Neurology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27868v1
13 downloads
45 views

Background Identifying the biologic functions of groups of genes identified in high-throughput studies currently requires considerable time and/or bioinformatics experience. This is due in part to each resource housed within separate databases, requiring users...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6994
20 downloads
57 views

The current study is aimed to explore the specific genes which are responsible for the manifestation of Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). Gene expression profiles GSE37460, GSE93798 and GSE104948 were analyzed using biological informatics methods to identify...

["Bioinformatics","Immunology","Nephrology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7067
19 downloads
62 views

Asparagus africanus Lam. is a plant used traditionally for natal care. This study evaluates the oestrogenic activities of aqueous root extract and screens for possible bioactive phytochemicals. Oestrogenicity of A. africanus was evaluated in ovariectomised rats...

["Biochemistry","Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7254
22 downloads
101 views

Background Changes in aboveground community composition and diversity following shrub encroachment have been studied extensively. Recently, shrub encroachment was associated with differences in belowground bacterial communities relative to non-encroached grassland...

["Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7304
19 downloads
69 views

Objective(s) Serious mental illnesses, such as bipolar disorders and schizophrenia, are closely associated with involuntary admission. Many studies have focused on involuntary admission in people with schizophrenia, but little is known about the factors associated...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7339
26 downloads
60 views

Previous studies indicate that the plant phenotypic traits eventually shape its microbiota due to the community assembly based on the functional types. If so, the distance-related variations of microbial communities are mostly only in taxonomical composition due...

["Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7376
32 downloads
59 views

Introduction: Doxorubicin is a highly effective anticancer agent with serious cardiotoxic effects. Hypertension is considered as a major risk factor for doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. It should be noted that about one-third of cancer patients have hypertension, and...

["Cardiology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27863v1
40 downloads
84 views

Background. Variation in floral shapes has long fascinated biologists and its modelling enables testing of evolutionary hypotheses. Recent comparative studies that explore floral shape have largely ignored 3D floral shape. We propose quantifying floral shape by...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27867v1
31 downloads
139 views

Humans’ perception of visual complexity is often regarded as one of the key principles of aesthetic order, and is intimately related to the physiological, neurological and, possibly, psychological characteristics of the human mind. For these reasons, creating accurate...

["Psychiatry and Psychology","Human\u2013Computer Interaction","Computational Science","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7075
24 downloads
79 views

The mineral component of fish otoliths (ear bones), which is aragonitic calcium carbonate (CaCO3), makes this structure the preferred sample choice for measuring biological carbon and oxygen-stable isotopes in order to address fundamental questions in fish ecology...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7176
30 downloads
92 views

Toxoplasma gondii harbors two endosymbiotic organelles: a relict plastid, the apicoplast, and a mitochondrion. The parasite expresses an antioxidant protein, thioredoxin peroxidase 1/2 (TgTPx1/2), that is dually targeted to these organelles. Nuclear-encoded proteins...

["Cell Biology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7215
53 downloads
131 views

Background Truck drivers in sub-Saharan Africa are at high risk for both mental health disorders and sexually transmitted infections. We sought to determine the prevalence of depression among a sample of long-distance truck drivers seeking services at roadside...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","HIV","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7253
33 downloads
155 views

Background Over 25% of the UK land area is covered by uplands, the bulk of which are comprised of blanket bog. This not only contains most of the UK’s terrestrial carbon stocks, but also represents 15% of this globally rare habitat. About 30% of UK blanket bog...

["Soil Science","Ecohydrology","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7298

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