41 downloads
112 views

Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use and its association with time to conventional treatment. Design A cross-sectional study design was designed. Setting and participants The study was...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Oncology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7159
48 downloads
89 views

Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and other computational biology techniques are gradually discovering the causal gene variants that contribute to late-onset human diseases. After more than a decade of genome-wide association study efforts, these can account...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7168
54 downloads
93 views

The commercial asset value of sequestered forest carbon is based on protocols employed globally, however, their scientific basis has not been validated. We review and analyze commercial forest carbon protocols and offsets, claimed to have reduced net greenhouse...

["Ecosystem Science","Biosphere Interactions","Climate Change Biology","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27798v1
230 downloads
383 views

Epidemics may both contribute to and arise as a result of conflict. The effects of conflict on infectious diseases are complex and there have been confounding observations of both increase and decrease in disease outbreaks during and after conflicts. However there...

["Computational Biology","Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems","Agents and Multi-Agent Systems","Data Science","Scientific Computing and Simulation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27651v4
27 downloads
58 views

Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) is widely cultivated in Northwest China which has become an emerging economic crop with rapid development. Because of its elevated inulin content and high resistance, it is widely used in functional food, inulin processing,...

["Agricultural Science","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27796v1
24 downloads
71 views

The two-dimensional (2D) Lewis’s law and Aboav-Weaire’s law are two simple formulas derived from empirical observations. Numerous attempts have been made to improve the empirical formulas. In this study, we simulated a series of Voronoi diagrams and analyzed the...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27797v1
175 downloads
425 views

Gomphodont cynodonts were close relatives of mammals and one of the Mesozoic lineages of cynodont therapsids that became extinct at the end of the Triassic. Gomphodonts were omnivorous to herbivorous animals characterized by labiolingually expanded postcanines,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6752
153 downloads
133 views

Background There have been few studies on the partial defoliation response of grass. It has been unclear how partial defoliation may affect roots at the levels of nutrient accumulation and transcriptional regulation. Hereby we report a comprehensive investigation...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7102
34 downloads
115 views

Background Certain personal attributes, such as perfectionism and tolerance of ambiguity, have been identified as influential in high achieving students. Medical students have been identified as high achievers and perfectionistic, and as such may be challenged...

["Evidence Based Medicine","Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7109
49 downloads
94 views

Background and objectives Hyperpolarization-activation cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels contribute to the effects of lidocaine. Capsazepine (CPZ), a competitive inhibitor of capsaicin of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 channel, has also been found...

["Neuroscience","Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7111
34 downloads
84 views

Background As one of the important management practices of grassland ecosystems, grazing has fundamental effects on soil properties, vegetation, and soil microbes. Grazing can thus alter soil respiration (Rs) and the soil carbon cycle, yet its impacts and mechanisms...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7112
65 downloads
118 views

Background and Aims The link between gut microbiota and type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been addressed by numerous studies. Streptococcus thermophilus from fermented milk products, has been used as a probiotic in previous research. However, whether heat-killed S. thermophilus...

["Microbiology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7117
42 downloads
122 views

To compensate for the seasonal imbalance between livestock and forage yield in the cold region of Northeast China, alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) continuous cropping has been widely employed in animal husbandry. However, the effects of continuous cropping of alfalfa...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7127
40 downloads
106 views

Although spatiotemporal analysis of the cephalopod larvae provides the useful information for the effective management of their resources, it has been difficult mainly due to their low numbers in the mixed zooplankton net samples and difficulty in morphological...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7140
54 downloads
95 views

Background Amaranthus hybridus L. is an annual herb that belongs to the Amaranthceae family, a type of multi-purpose grain, vegetable and feed crop that has received considerable attention due to its great economic value. However, the composition of polysaccharides...

["Biochemistry","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7149

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