104 downloads
205 views

Background Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) plays an important role in the metabolism of various cancer cells, but its role in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is uncertain. Therefore, in the present study, we explored the role of ACC2 in HNSCC. Methods...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Otorhinolaryngology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7037
94 downloads
204 views

Secondary pollen presentation (SPP) is a reproductive strategy that enhances the efficiency of pollen transfer, which has been explored for more than 200 years, resulting in 10 identified types of SPP. The ephemeral plant Hypecoum erectum L. (Papaveraceae) has...

["Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7066
79 downloads
190 views

Background Liver cancer is a common malignancy and a significant public health problem worldwide, but diagnosis and prognostic evaluation remain challenging for clinicians. Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of cancer, and we therefore examined the diagnostic...

["Bioinformatics","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7070
56 downloads
147 views

Background Previous studies have shown that a variety of biomarkers are closely related to the occurrence and development of early-stage diabetic nephropathy (DN) in patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of multiple sera and urinary biomarkers...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7079
50 downloads
283 views

Background Forest ecosystems are considered among the largest terrestrial carbon sinks. The dynamics of forest carbon depend on where the carbon is stored and its responses to environmental factors, as well as the physiology of the trees. Thus, threatened forest...

["Ecology","Climate Change Biology","Natural Resource Management","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7085
74 downloads
212 views

Soil temperature and moisture have a close relationship, the accurate controlling of which is important for crop growth. Mechanistic models built by previous studies need exhaustive parameters and seldom consider time stochasticity and lagging effect. To circumvent...

["Agricultural Science","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7101
75 downloads
164 views

Background. Sympatric plant species that share pollinators may have similar mating systems because their floral traits are subject to comparable canalization imposed by pollinators. However, if each sympatric species bears specialized floral morphology, each species...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27792v1
112 downloads
208 views

Tailskin fibroblasts from multiple genotypes of slow aging mice have been shown to be resistant to a broad spectrum of toxicants. The molecular determinants for this in vitro effect, as well as for the delayed/ decelerated senescence of these mice, are uncertain....

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Neuroscience","Geriatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27791v1
73 downloads
115 views

Online learning is an essential tool for predictive analysis based on continuous, endless data streams. Adopting Bayesian inference for online settings allows hierarchical modeling while representing the uncertainty of model parameters. Existing online inference...

["Artificial Intelligence","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27790v1
186 downloads
263 views

Word vector representations are a crucial part of natural language processing (NLP) and human computer interaction. In this paper, we propose a novel word vector representation, Confusion2Vec, motivated from the human speech production and perception that encodes...

["Artificial Intelligence","Natural Language and Speech"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.195
142 downloads
236 views

A comparative analysis of two risk assessment (RA) frameworks developed to support the implementation of the international Ballast Water Management Convention (BWMC) and European Regulation on Invasive Alien Species (IAS) was performed. This analysis revealed both...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Environmental Impacts","Biological Oceanography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6965
75 downloads
535 views

One of the best ex situ conservation strategies for wild germplasm is in vitro conservation of genetic banks. The success of in vitro conservation relies heavily on the micropropagation or performance of the species of interest. In the context of global change,...

["Biodiversity","Biotechnology","Conservation Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7017
146 downloads
206 views

Background Microbes have been recognized as important symbionts to regulate host life. The animal gut harbors abundance and diverse bacteria. Numerous internal and external factors influence intestinal bacterial communities, including diet, seasonal fluctuations...

["Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7045
79 downloads
207 views

Background Vegetation succession is one of the major driving processes of grassland degradation. Stoichiometry significantly contributes to vegetation dynamics. However, a knowledge gap exists in how soil nutrients and root enzymes influence the stoichiometric...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.7047
79 downloads
163 views

This paper is focused on the automatic extraction of persons and their attributes (gender, year of born) from album of photos and videos. A two-stage approach is proposed in which, firstly, the convolutional neural network simultaneously predicts age/gender from...

["Artificial Intelligence","Computer Vision"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.197

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