The wood-feeding cockroach Cryptocercus punctulatus Scudder (Blattodea: Cryptocercidae) is an important member of the dead wood (saproxylic) community in montane forests of the southeastern United States. However, its population biology remains poorly understood....

["Entomology","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3127

Rare hybridisations between deeply divergent animal species have been reported for decades in a wide range of taxa, but have often remained unexplained, mainly considered chance events and reported as anecdotal. Here, we combine field observations with long-term...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3072

Background The present-day amphibian and reptile fauna of Western Siberia are the least diverse of the Palaearctic Realm, as a consequence of the unfavourable climatic conditions that predominate in this region. The origin and emergence of these herpetofaunal groups...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3025
125 downloads
679 views

1) DNA metabarcoding holds great promise for the assessment of macroinvertebrates in stream ecosystems. However, few large-scale studies have compared the performance of DNA metabarcoding with that of routine morphological identification. 2) We performed metabarcoding...

["Biodiversity","Environmental Sciences","Molecular Biology","Zoology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2759v3
1 view

Background. Sturnira is one of the most species-richness in the Neotropic, and it is found from Mexico, Lesser Antilles to Argentina. Genus forms a well-supported monophyletic clade with at least twenty-one recognized species, and several under taxonomic review....

["Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2886v1
63 downloads
151 views

This study explores how curvature in the quokka femur may help to reduce bending strain during locomotion. The quokka is a small wallaby, but the curvature of the femur and the muscles active during stance phase are similar to most quadrupedal mammals. Our hypothesis...

["Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3100
109 downloads
721 views

The patella is a sesamoid bone located in the major extensor tendon of the knee joint, in the hindlimb of many tetrapods. Although numerous aspects of knee morphology are ancient and conserved among most tetrapods, the evolutionary occurrence of an ossified patella...

["Evolutionary Studies","Palaeontology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3103
17 downloads
88 views

Background Illegal trade in rare wildlife species is a major threat to many parrot species around the world. Wildlife forensics plays an important role in the preservation of endangered or threatened wildlife species. Identification of illegally harvested or traded...

["Conservation Biology","Genetics","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Legal Issues"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2900
11 downloads
118 views

Locusts are famous for its excellent jumping performance. Jumping helps locusts avoid predators and initiate flight. In this paper, high-speed videos are recorded to analyze the jumping performance of Locusta migratoria Linnaeus from ground with different roughness....

["Animal Behavior","Mathematical Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2877v1
20 downloads
66 views

This paper focus a rare case of natural disappearance of feral pigs (Sus scrofa) in an extensive area without using traditional methods of eradication programs. The study was conducted both in the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (PRNH) Sesc Pantanal and in...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2876v1
90 downloads
477 views

Background Gross dissection is a widespread method for studying animal anatomy, despite being highly destructive and time-consuming. X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a non-destructive alternative for studying anatomical structures. However, in...

["Computational Biology","Zoology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3039
202 downloads
1,065 views

1. Stable isotope analysis is a widely used tool for the reconstruction and interpretation of animal diets and trophic relationships. Analytical tools have improved the robustness of inferring the relative contribution of different prey sources to an animal’s diet...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Zoology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1950v2
71 downloads
291 views

The land snails collected by the ‘Comisión Científica del Pacifíco’ (CCP), a Spanish expedition to South and Central America from 1862–1866, are restudied and revised. The historical context of the expedition and the study of its collected material are described....

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3065
42 downloads
143 views

Incorrect snake identification from the observable visual traits is a major reason of death resulting from snake bites. So far no automatic classification method has been proposed to distinguish snakes by deciphering the taxonomy features of snake for the two major...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2867v1
1 citation
43 downloads
774 views

Animals domesticated for working closely with humans (e.g. dogs) have been shown to be remarkable in adjusting their behaviour to human attentional stance. However, there is little evidence for this form of information perception in species domesticated for production...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behaviour","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3073

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