135 downloads
905 views

Background Species of the scyphozoan family Pelagiidae (e.g., Pelagia noctiluca, Chrysaora quinquecirrha) are well-known for impacting fisheries, aquaculture, and tourism, especially for the painful sting they can inflict on swimmers. However, historical taxonomic...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3863
38 downloads
650 views

For the past several centuries, millipede taxonomists have used the morphology of male copulatory structures (modified legs called gonopods), which are strongly variable and suggestive of species-level differences, as a source to understand taxon relationships....

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3854
43 downloads
1,311 views

A great variety of parasites and parasitoids exploit ant societies. Among them are the Mesostigmata mites, a particularly common and diverse group of ant-associated arthropods. While parasitism is ubiquitous in Mesostigmata, parasitoidism has only been described...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Ecology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3870
36 downloads
374 views

Several studies have demonstrated the contribution of northern immigrants to the flora of the tropical Andes – the world’s “hottest” biodiversity hotspot. However, much less is known about the biogeographic history and diversification of Andean groups with southern...

["Biogeography","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3330v1
171 downloads
1,134 views

Two new species of therocephalian therapsids are described from the upper Permian Teekloof Formation of the Karoo Basin, South Africa. They include two specimens of a whaitsiid, Microwhaitsia mendrezi gen. et sp. nov., and a single, small whaitsioid Ophidostoma...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3868
57 downloads
294 views

The classification of Cannabis varieties has been increasingly discussed in the past years, particularly in the wake of emerging legal markets, with implications for intellectual property development, marketing and improvement of the scientific understanding of...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Biodiversity","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3307v1
13 downloads
110 views

The Antony John Sutcliffe Collection is a unique taphonomic reference collection held within the Department of Earth Sciences at the Natural History Museum (NHM). Sutcliffe was the Curator of Fossil Mammal at the NHM from 1957 to 1987, during which time he collected...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3280v1
159 downloads
1,350 views

With 600 described species, the ant genus Tetramorium represents one of the most species-rich ant radiations. However, much work remains to fully document the hyperdiversity of this remarkable group. Tetramorium, while globally distributed, is thought to have originated...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3800
271 downloads
1,769 views

Mosasauroid squamates represented the apex predators within the Late Cretaceous marine and occasionally also freshwater ecosystems. Proper understanding of the origin of their ecological adaptations or paleobiogeographic dispersals requires adequate knowledge of...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3782
31 downloads
122 views

Background: India is one of the mega biodiverse countries with a large number of endemic freshwater fishes. Recently, species of genus Horaglanis (family: Clariidae) have been reported from the southern part of India. Due to their unique morphological adaptations,...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3251v1
17 downloads
109 views

The Callovian Oxford Clay of England has yielded a rich and diverse marine fauna, mainly discovered and described by Alfred Leeds. However, occasionally it also brought forth terrestrial fossils, including four isolated cases of sauropod remains, one of a stegosaurid,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3243v1
20 downloads
135 views

The Middle Jurassic was a pivotal time for many vertebrate groups: recent research suggests mammals experienced a surge in ecological diversity at this time. However, vertebrate fossils from the Middle Jurassic are rare. Until now, Middle Jurassic mammals in the...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3232v1
102 downloads
785 views

Pondweed bugs (Hemiptera: Mesoveliidae), considered a sister group to all other Gerromorpha, are exceedingly rare as fossils. Therefore, each new discovery of a fossil mesoveliid is of high interest, giving new insight into their early evolutionary history and...

["Ecology","Entomology","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3760
56 downloads
164 views

Convergent evolution can provide insights into the predictability of, and constraints on, the evolution of biodiversity. One striking example of convergence is seen in the ‘river dolphins’. The four dolphin genera that make up the ‘river dolphins’ (Inia geoffrensis,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3222v1
168 downloads
576 views

Background. Taxonomic classification of marker-gene sequences is an important step in microbiome analysis. Results. We present q2-feature-classifier (https://github.com/qiime2/q2-feature-classifier), a QIIME 2 plugin containing several novel machine-learning and...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3208v1

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