39 downloads
230 views

Background c-Kit is a receptor tyrosine kinase present in multiple cell types, including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). However, little is known about how c-Kit influences SMC biology and vascular pathogenesis. Methods High-throughput microarray assays and...

["Molecular Biology","Cardiology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3418
25 downloads
117 views

Abstract Ginsenoside Rk1 (G-Rk1) is one of the unique components created by processing ginseng at high temperature, in particular of Sun Ginseng (SG). The aim of our study was to systematically review the pharmacological effects of G-Rk1.we conducted our search...

["Plant Science","Evidence Based Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3013v1
28 downloads
148 views

Cucurbitacins, a class of toxic tetracyclic triterpenoids in Cucurbitaceae, modulate many molecular targets. Here we investigated the interactions of cucurbitacin B, E and I with cytoskeletal proteins such as microtubule and actin filaments. The effects of cucurbitacin...

["Cell Biology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3357
58 downloads
265 views

Background Herb-drug interactions (HDIs) resulting from concomitant use of herbal products with clinical drugs may cause adverse reactions. Organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) and 3 (OAT3) are highly expressed in the kidney and play a key role in the renal elimination...

["Plant Science","Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3333
66 downloads
365 views

Aim Atorvastatin is a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used for hyperlipidemia. Atorvastatin is generally safe but may induce cholestasis. The present study aimed to examine the effects of atorvastatin on hepatic gene expression related to bile acid metabolism and homeostasis,...

["Toxicology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3348
177 downloads
475 views

In this review, we present a summary of how computer modeling has been used in the development of covalent modifier drugs. Covalent modifier drugs bind by forming a chemical bond with their target. This covalent binding can improve the selectivity of the drug for...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Biophysics","Pharmacology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2857v2
104 downloads
381 views

Stellaria dichotoma L. is widely distributed in Ningxia and surrounding areas in northwestern China. Its root, Radix Stellariae (RS), has been used in herbal formulae for treating asthenic-fever, infection, malaria, dyspepsia in children and several other symptoms....

["Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Global Health","Pharmacology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3305
67 downloads
324 views

Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that increases serotonin concentration in the central nervous system and modulates various systems, including the control of sympathetic outflow and the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal. However, it is not yet...

["Aquaculture","Fisheries and Fish Science","Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3330
72 downloads
248 views

Background Huntington’s disease (HD) is a rare familial autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of medium spiny neurons (MSNs) located in the striatum. Currently available treatments of HD are only limited to alleviating...

["Neuroscience","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3240
58 downloads
452 views

Background Oxytetracycline (OTC), which is largely employed in zootechnical and veterinary practices to ensure wellness of farmed animals, is partially absorbed within the gastrointestinal tract depositing in several tissues. Therefore, the potential OTC toxicity...

["Cell Biology","Allergy and Clinical Immunology","Drugs and Devices","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3236
140 downloads
506 views

Background & Aims Metformin is currently the most widely used first-line hypoglycemic agent for diabetes mellitus. Besides glucose-lowering action, there is increasingly interest in the potential anti-inflammatory action of this drug. In the present study, we investigated...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3155
129 downloads
420 views

Objective This study aimed to quantify the cartilage- and subchondral bone-related effects of low-dose and high-dose meloxicam treatment in the late phase of mono-iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis of the stifle. Methods Thirty-four male Wistar rats received intra-articular...

["Pathology","Pharmacology","Rheumatology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3185
75 downloads
362 views

Background Resveratrol is a cardioprotective agent with known antiarrhythmic effects that has recently been shown to inhibit phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzyme activity. Thus, it is possible that resveratrol increases the inotropic effect of sympathomimetic agents,...

["Cardiology","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3113
23 downloads
160 views

Propofol is an intravenous anesthetic commonly used due to its favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. There are discrepancies in the literature about the most appropriate sample for determining propofol concentrations. Although plasma has been used...

["Veterinary Medicine","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2885v1
80 downloads
416 views

Apoptosis of lymphocytes is associated with immunosuppression and poor prognosis in sepsis. Our previous report showed that histones, nuclear proteins released from damaged or dying cells in sepsis, can mediate lymphocyte apoptosis via mitochondria damage. Grape...

["Cell Biology","Immunology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3108

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