Thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from the Gray Fossil Site, Tennessee, dating to the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. Among these are but eight specimens of bats representing two different taxa referable to the family Vespertilionidae. Comparison of...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3263
1 download
1 view

Background The Eocene was the warmest epoch of the Cenozoic and recorded the appearance of several orders of modern mammals, including the first occurrence of Euprimates. During the Eocene, Euprimates were mainly represented by two groups, adapiforms and omomyiforms,...

["Anthropology","Biodiversity","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3239
75 downloads
232 views

A small juvenile turtle is described from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota, shedding light on the juvenile morphology and ontogeny of Manchurochelys manchoukuoensis. Several juvenile features are uncovered, such as a small and circular carapace (less than half...

["Developmental Biology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3274
126 downloads
994 views

Thalattosuchians were highly specialised aquatic archosaurs of the Jurassic and Early Cretaceous, and represent a peak of aquatic adaptation among crocodylomorphs. Relatively little is known of their endocranial anatomy or its relevance for the evolution of sensory...

["Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3225
104 downloads
451 views

New Pleistocene fossilized turtle remains from five localities of western Ecuador (Santa Elena Province) are described here. All these shell (carapace and plastron) fossil remains come from the Tablazo Formation and belong to three different lineages of cryptodires...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3215
162 downloads
869 views

Metoposaurids are temnospondyl amphibians that are commonly recovered from the Chinle Formation deposits of North America. Two species, Koskinonodon perfectus and Apachesaurus gregorii, are known from Petrified Forest National Park (PEFO), AZ. Small, elongate intercentra...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3183
121 downloads
741 views

The evolution of herbivory in early tetrapods was crucial in the establishment of terrestrial ecosystems, although it is so far unclear what effect this innovation had on the macro-evolutionary patterns observed within this clade. The clades that entered this under-filled...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3200
19 downloads
108 views

The Early to Late Oligocene Propalaeocastor is the earliest known beaver genus from Eurasia. Although many species of this genus have been described, these species are defined based on very fragmentary specimens. Propalaeocastor irtyshensis from the Early Oligocene...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2926v1
287 downloads
2,599 views

Ceratopsids (“horned dinosaurs”) are known from western North America and Asia, a distribution reflecting an inferred subaerial link between the two landmasses during the Late Cretaceous. However, this clade was previously unknown from eastern North America, presumably...

["Biogeography","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2746v2
277 downloads
1,017 views

Synapsida, the clade including therapsids and thus also mammals, is one of the two major branches of amniotes. Organismal design, with modularity as a concept, offers insights into the evolution of therapsids, a group that experienced profound anatomical transformations...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Paleontology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3119
221 downloads
804 views

Background Previous quantitative studies on Bauruemys elegans (Suárez, 1969) shell variation, as well as the taphonomic interpretation of its type locality, have suggested that all specimens collected in this locality may have belonged to the same population. We...

["Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2890
101 downloads
638 views

Spinosaurids (Diapsida: Spinosauridae) and sphenacodontids (Synapsida: Sphenacodontidae) share not only a characteristic tall neural spines, but also an atypical – compared to their close respective relatives – ecology, i.e. apparently piscivorous and possibly...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2917v1
100 downloads
717 views

Most reconstruction methods for genomes of ancient origin that are used today require a closely related reference. In order to identify genomic rearrangements or the deletion of whole genes, de novo assembly has to be used. However, because of inherent problems...

["Bioinformatics","Paleontology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3126
47 downloads
347 views

New records of the Oligo-Miocene mekosuchine crocodilian, Baru, from Queensland and the Northern Territory are described. B. wickeni and B. darrowi are accepted as valid species in the genus and their diagnoses are revised. Both species are present in Queensland...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2909v1
71 downloads
257 views

The morphology and affinities of newly discovered disc-shaped soft-bodied fossils from the early Cambrian (Series 2: Stage 4, Dyeran) Carrara Formation are discussed. These specimens show some similarity to the Ordovician Discophyllum Hall, 1847; traditionally...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2706v2

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