80 downloads
362 views

Background The present-day amphibian and reptile fauna of Western Siberia are the least diverse of the Palaearctic Realm, as a consequence of the unfavourable climatic conditions that predominate in this region. The origin and emergence of these herpetofaunal groups...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3025
208 downloads
1,276 views

The abundant dinosaurian tracksites of the Lower Cretaceous (Valanginian–Barremian) Broome Sandstone of the Dampier Peninsula, Western Australia, form an important part of the West Kimberley National Heritage Place. Previous attempts to document these tracksites...

["Paleontology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3013
138 downloads
791 views

Background Ancient protein sequences are increasingly used to elucidate the phylogenetic relationships between extinct and extant mammalian taxa. Here, we apply these recent developments to Middle Pleistocene bone specimens of the rhinoceros genus Stephanorhinus....

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Molecular Biology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3033
206 downloads
1,086 views

The fossil record of dinosaurs from the Early Cretaceous of Eastern North America is scant, especially since a few stratigraphic units from the east are fossiliferous. Among these stratigraphic units, the Arundel Clay of the eastern seaboard has produced the best-characterized...

["Biogeography","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3110
225 downloads
2,127 views

Mourasuchus (Alligatoroidea, Caimaninae) is one of the most peculiar crocodyliforms due to the skull morphology consisting of a long, wide, dorsoventrally flat rostrum with long, slender mandibular rami. Despite these peculiarities, the systematics, phylogeny and...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3056
30 downloads
146 views

The recent description of the Tremadocian halkieriid-like stem aculiferan, Calvapilosa kroegeri, could shed new light on some enigmatic Ordovician fossils known only by their disarticulated plates. Specifically, Conchopeltis alternata could be interpreted as a...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2854v1
173 downloads
1,157 views

Bayesian phylogenetic methods integrating simultaneously morphological and stratigraphic information have been applied increasingly among paleontologists. Most of these studies have used Bayesian methods as an alternative to the widely-used parsimony analysis,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3055
190 downloads
1,167 views

Fragmentary caudal ends of the left and right mandible assigned to Lesothosaurus diagnosticus, an early ornithischian, was recently discovered in the continental red bed succession of the upper Elliot Formation (Lower Jurassic) at Likhoele Mountain (Mafeteng District)...

["Paleontology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3054
162 downloads
1,023 views

A new taxon of stem otariid, Eotaria citrica sp. nov., is described from the upper Burdigalian to lower Langhian “Topanga” formation of Orange County, California. The new species is described from mandibular and dental remains that show a unique combination of...

["Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3022
126 downloads
816 views

Background Prophoca and Leptophoca represent the oldest known genera of phocine seals, dating from the latest early to middle Miocene. Originally, Prophoca rousseaui and Prophoca proxima were described based on fragmentary remains from the Miocene of Belgium. However,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3024
169 downloads
789 views

Synapsida, the clade including therapsids and thus also mammals, is one of the two major branches of amniotes. Organismal design, with modularity as a concept, offers insights into the evolution of therapsids, a group that experienced profound anatomical transformations...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Paleontology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2313v2
66 downloads
530 views

Plants and insects are key components of terrestrial ecosystems and insect herbivory is the most important type of interaction in these ecosystems. This study presents the first analysis of associations between plants and insects for the early Miocene Hindon Maar...

["Ecology","Paleontology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2985
157 downloads
617 views

The patella is a sesamoid bone located in the major extensor tendon of the knee joint, in the hindlimb of many tetrapods. Although numerous aspects of knee morphology are ancient and conserved among most tetrapods, the evolutionary occurrence of the patella is...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2594v2
107 downloads
809 views

Larvae of malacostracan crustaceans represent a large fraction of modern day zooplankton. Plankton is not only a major part of the modern marine ecosystem, but must have played an important role in the ecosystems of the past as well. Unfortunately, our knowledge...

["Developmental Biology","Ecology","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2966
78 downloads
992 views

Vertebrate trace fossils are common in Upper Triassic deposits across the American southwest. These ichnofauna are dominated by Grallator, Brachychirotherium, and Pseudotetrasauropus, and lack ichnotaxa traditionally considered to be Early Jurassic in age, such...

["Biogeography","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2662v2

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