129 downloads
625 views

Background Macelognathus vagans Marsh, 1884 from the Late Jurassic Morrison Fm. of Wyoming was originally described as a dinosaur by Marsh and in 1971 Ostrom suggested crocodilian affinities. In 2005, Göhlich and collaborators identified new material of this species...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2801
433 downloads
7,287 views

Azhdarchid pterosaurs include the largest animals to ever take to the skies with some species exceeding 10 metres in wingspan and 220 kg in mass. Associated skeletons show that azhdarchids were long-necked, long-jawed predators that combined a wing planform suited...

["Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2908
65 downloads
322 views

Background The shells of molluscs survive well in many sedimentary contexts and yield information about the diet of prehistoric humans. They also yield evidence of symbolic behaviours through their use as beads for body adornments. Researchers often analyse the...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2903
275 downloads
1,100 views

Non-mammaliaform cynodonts gave rise to mammals but the reproductive biology of this extinct group is still poorly known. Two exceptional fossils of Galesaurus planiceps and Thrinaxodon liorhinus, consisting of juveniles closely associated with an adult, were briefly...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2875
78 downloads
601 views

While large mass mortality events (MMEs) are well known for toothed whales, they have been rare in baleen whales due to their less gregarious behaviour. Although in most cases the cause of mortality has not been conclusively identified, some baleen whale mortality...

["Conservation Biology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2707v1
18 downloads
103 views

The morphology and affinities of newly discovered soft-bodied fossils from the early Cambrian (Series 2: Stage 4, Dyeran) Carrara Formation that resemble modern and fossil porpitids are discussed. These specimens show substantial similarity to the Ordovician porpitid...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2706v1
85 downloads
429 views

The evolution of herbivory in early tetrapods was crucial in the establishment of terrestrial ecosystems, although it is so far unclear what effect this innovation had on the macro-evolutionary patterns observed within this clade. The clades which entered this...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2701v1
362 downloads
1,244 views

The holotype of Brancasaurus brancai is one of the most historically famous and anatomically complete Early Cretaceous plesiosaurian fossils. It derived from the Gerdemann & Co. brickworks clay pit near Gronau (Westfalen) in North Rhine-Westphalia, northwestern...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2813
551 downloads
1,536 views

The largest published data matrix for phylogenetic analysis of Paleozoic limbed vertebrates (Ruta M, Coates MI. 2007. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 5:69–122) supported variously controversial hypotheses; e.g., it recovered Seymouriamorpha, Diadectomorpha...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1596v2
51 downloads
618 views

Vertebrate trace fossils are common in Upper Triassic deposits across the American southwest. These ichnofauna are dominated by Grallator, Brachycheirotherium, and Pseudotetrasauropus and lack ichnotaxa traditionally considered to be Early Jurassic in age, such...

["Biogeography","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2662v1
61 downloads
465 views

Background Cornaceae consists of 58 species, all within the genus Cornus. The Cenozoic record of Cornus is extensive and well documented. Molecular divergence-time studies suggest that crown-group Cornus may have originated by the Late Cretaceous. However, there...

["Paleontology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2808
159 downloads
843 views

Exceptionally well-preserved three-dimensional insects with fine details and even labile tissues are ubiquitous in the Crato Member Konservat Lagerstätte (northeastern Brazil). Here we investigate the preservational pathways which yielded such specimens. We employed...

["Entomology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2756
227 downloads
1,059 views

A series of sandstone slabs from Hamstead, Birmingham (West Midlands, UK), preserve an assemblage of tetrapod trackways and individual tracks from the Enville Member of the Salop Formation (late Carboniferous: late Moscovian–Kasimovian). This material has received...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2718
126 downloads
747 views

The Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry (CLDQ) is the densest deposit of Jurassic theropod dinosaurs discovered to date. Unlike typical Jurassic bone deposits, it is dominated by the presence of Allosaurus fragilis. Since excavation began in the 1920’s numerous hypotheses...

["Ecosystem Science","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2600v1
124 downloads
466 views

The patella is a sesamoid bone located in the major extensor tendon of the knee joint, in the hindlimb of many tetrapods. Although numerous aspects of knee morphology are ancient and conserved among most tetrapods, the evolutionary occurrence of the patella is...

["Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2594v1

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