36 downloads
594 views

Background Left-sided and right-sided colon cancers (LCCs and RCCs, respectively) differ in their epidemiology, pathogenesis, genetic and epigenetic alterations, molecular pathways and prognosis. Notably, immune response gene expression profiles have been shown...

["Immunology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4153
39 downloads
452 views

A recurrent question within oncology drug development is predicting phase III outcome for a new treatment using early clinical data. One approach to tackle this problem has been to derive metrics from mathematical models that describe tumour size dynamics termed...

["Mathematical Biology","Clinical Trials","Oncology","Pharmacology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4111
20 downloads
99 views

Background. The c-mos proto-oncogene was one of the first proto-oncogenes to be cloned. Apart from its role in meiosis, many efforts have been made to illuminate the mechanisms by which c-mos acts as an oncogene. c-mos or its coding messenger RNA have been confirmed...

["Cell Biology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3426v1
55 downloads
312 views

Background Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common and lethal cancer of the adult kidney. However, its pathogenesis has not been fully understood till now, which hinders the therapeutic development of ccRCC. NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) 1...

["Genomics","Molecular Biology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4065
54 downloads
390 views

Background Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is the most common subtype of oral cancer. A predictive gene signature is necessary for prognosis of OTSCC. Methods Five microarray data sets of OTSCC from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and one data set...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genetics","Genomics","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4062
39 downloads
200 views

Background The perioperative period is important for patient outcome. Colorectal cancer surgery can lead to metastatic disease due to release of disseminated tumor cells and the induction of surgical stress response. To explore the overall effects on surgically-induced...

["Cell Biology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4033
126 downloads
157 views

Gastrointestinal mucositis is a debilitating side effect of chemotherapy treatment, with currently no treatment available. As changes in microbial composition have been reported upon chemotherapy treatment in vivo, it is thought that gut microbiota dysbiosis contribute...

["Microbiology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4017
77 downloads
338 views

Statistical significance provides evidence for or against an explanation of a population of interest, not a description of data sampled from the population. This simple distinction gets ignored in hundreds of thousands of research publications yearly, which confuse...

["Ecology","Evidence Based Medicine","Oncology","Statistics","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3394v1
41 downloads
266 views

Objective Our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified that the ABO rs633862 variant in chromosome 9q34.2 was associated with the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in Chinese Han women. The aim of the present study was to evaluate its prognostic...

["Oncology","Translational Medicine","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3946
17 downloads
95 views

While biochemistry evidently affects the growth rate of cells, many biochemists routinely ignore population variation, just like population geneticists usually ignore causal details of biochemistry that underpin a change in growth rate caused by a mutation. A true...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Computational Biology","Oncology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3371v1
144 downloads
574 views

Background In Nicaragua, cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death for women ages 15–44, yet access to the HPV vaccine is limited to those with financial resources to pay for it. Cervical cytology is provided free of charge in public clinics;...

["Global Health","Oncology","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3871
252 downloads
1,393 views

Exposure to non-ionizing radiation used in wireless communication remains a contentious topic in the public mind - while the overwhelming scientific evidence to date suggests that microwave and radio frequencies used in modern communications are safe, public apprehension...

["Biophysics","Environmental Sciences","Cognitive Disorders","Oncology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3355v1
74 downloads
326 views

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are associated with better clinical outcomes in many tumors. TILs represent a cell-mediated immune response against the carcinoma. CD8+ TILs are a crucial component of cell-mediated immunity. The significance of CD8+ TILs has...

["Immunology","Oncology","Urology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3921
168 downloads
480 views

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer. Urine-based HPV testing offers a simple and non-invasive method because of its increasing acceptance. A total of 164 pairs of cervical swab and urine samples from Thai women who underwent cervical...

["Virology","Infectious Diseases","Oncology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3910
16 downloads
126 views

Background. Microdialysis is a valued method to study the pharmacokinetics of drug distribution from an injection site or to a tumor site. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of prolonged use of subcutaneously implanted microdialysis catheters...

["Drugs and Devices","Oncology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3324v1

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