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neuroscience
23 downloads
14 views

By analysing species differences in brain and behaviour, comparative neuroscience & psychology can help to understand the nature and mechanisms of behaviour. The task is enormously complex due to the number of dimensions onto which species can differ. In addition,...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1205v1
188 downloads
292 views

Embodied awareness is the pervasive, multimodal self-awareness that is thought to form the foundation of emotion. This awareness was recently proposed to rely on the anterior insular cortex (AIC) comparing expected and actual bodily signals arising in prefrontal...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1203v1
7 downloads
48 views

Synaptic exocytosis requires the assembly of syntaxin 1A and SNAP-25 on the plasma membrane and synaptobrevin 2 (VAMP2) on the vesicular membrane to bridge the two opposite membranes. It is believed that the three SNARE proteins assemble in steps along the dynamic...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Microbiology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1065
7 downloads
26 views

The cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) antagonist rimonabant has been used as treatment for obesity. In addition, anti-proliferative effects on mitogen-activated leukocytes have been demonstrated in vitro. We have previously shown that rimonabant (SR141716A) induces...

["Cell Biology","Neuroscience","Hematology","Immunology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1056
70 downloads
227 views

It is commonly believed that vision is impaired during saccadic eye movements. However, here we report that some visual stimuli are clearly visible during saccades, and trigger a constriction of the eye's pupil. Participants viewed sinusoid gratings that changed...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.957v2
29 downloads
332 views

There has been initial evidence to support the Dysexecutive Luck hypothesis, which proposes that beliefs in being unlucky are associated with deficits in executive functioning (Maltby et al., 2013). The present study tested the Dysexecutive Luck hypothesis by examining...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1007
23 downloads
153 views

Asymmetries in the response to visual patterns in the upper and lower visual fields (above and below the centre of gaze) have been associated with ecological factors relating to the structure of typical visual environments. Here, we investigated whether the content...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1038
39 downloads
329 views

When a good decision leads to a bad outcome, the experience of regret can bias subsequent choices: people are less likely to select the regret-producing alternative a second time, even when it is still objectively the best alternative (non-adaptive choice switching)....

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1035
210 downloads
1,266 views

Are motor neurons just passive relayers of the signals they receive? Or, do motor neurons shape the signals before passing them on to the muscles, thereby influencing the timing of motor behavior? Few direct tests of the role of motor neuron intrinsic properties...

["Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.469v3
57 downloads
503 views

There is an increasing need to validate and collect data approximating brain size on individuals in the field to understand what evolutionary factors drive brain size variation within and across species. We investigated whether we could accurately estimate endocranial...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1000
134 downloads
336 views

Manual therapy has long been a component of physical rehabilitation programs, especially to treat those in pain. The mechanisms of manual therapy, however, are not fully understood, and it has been suggested that its pain modulatory effects are of neurophysiological...

["Neuroscience","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.996v2
24 downloads
87 views

Many studies have noted significant differences among human EEG results when participants or patients are exposed to different stimuli, undertaking different tasks, or being affected by conditions such as epilepsy or Alzheimer's disease. Such studies often use...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1121v1
727 downloads
400 views

Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) is one of the most widely implemented forms of non-invasive neuromodulation in basic and clinical neuroscience. Further, the use of tES by healthy populations for various purposes is growing widespread daily. The effects...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1097v1
48 downloads
556 views

There is evidence to suggest that impulsivity is predicted by socioeconomic background, with people from more deprived backgrounds tending to be more impulsive, and by current mood, with poorer mood associated with greater impulsivity. However, impulsivity is not...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.964
193 downloads
680 views

Recent behavioral evidence suggests that dogs, like humans and monkeys, are capable of visual face recognition. But do dogs also exhibit specialized cortical face regions similar to humans and monkeys? Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in six dogs...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1071v1

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