31 downloads
298 views

Prior work in our lab has shown that an expanding image on a computer screen elicits a hiding response in the Caribbean terrestrial hermit crab (Coenobita clypeatus). We conducted two experiments to identify what properties of the expanding stimulus contribute...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4058
40 downloads
214 views

The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and ryanodine receptor (RyR) signaling pathways regulate fundamental processes of neurodevelopment, and genetic mutations within these pathways have been linked to neurodevelopmental disorders. While previous studies have...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4106
53 downloads
1,977 views

Previous studies have used the zebrafish to investigate the biology of lens crystallin proteins and their roles in development and disease. However, little is known about zebrafish α-crystallin promoter function, how it compares to that of mammals, or whether mammalian...

["Developmental Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4093
80 downloads
454 views

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly prevalent, recurrent, and associated with functional impairment, morbidity, and mortality. Herein, we aimed to identify disruptions in functional connectomics among subjects with MDD by using resting-state functional magnetic...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3147
136 downloads
1,071 views

Brain activity during sleep is fairly ubiquitous and the best studied possible function is a role in memory consolidation, including motor memory. One suggested mechanism of how neural activity effects these benefits is through reactivation of neurons in patterns...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4052
145 downloads
219 views

We propose a new hypothesis about the physical-chemical mechanisms of nerve conduction in myelinated nerves, tending to bridge the theoretical gap existing to date between the basic neuronal activity and its adaptation to myelination. All the considerations imply...

["Biochemistry","Neuroscience","Neurology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3409v1
42 downloads
245 views

Despite step-down inhibitory avoidance procedures that have been widely implemented in rats and mice to study learning and emotion phenomena, performance of other species in these tasks has received less attention. The case of the Mongolian gerbil is of relevance...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4009
25 downloads
88 views

Auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) are sustained potentials used to assess the physiological integrity of the auditory pathway and objectively estimate hearing thresholds. ASSRs are typically analyzed using statistical procedures in order to remove the subjective...

["Neuroscience","Otorhinolaryngology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3399v1
184 downloads
2,100 views

In its most basic form, empathy refers to the ability to understand another person’s feelings and emotions, representing an essential component of human social interaction. Owing to an increase in the use of mass media, which is used to distribute high levels of...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3988
66 downloads
295 views

Hands motor imagery (MI) has been reported to alter synchronization patterns amongst neurons, yielding variations in the mu and beta bands’ power spectral density (PSD) of the electroencephalography (EEG) signal. These alterations have been used in the field of...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Human-Computer Interaction","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3983
59 downloads
256 views

Small interference RNA has been widely used to suppress gene expression. Three different short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) against dopamine D1 receptor (Drd1), driven by mouse U6 promoter in self-complementary AAV8 vector (scAAV8), were used to silence mouse striatal...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3905
71 downloads
330 views

The role of glial cells in pain modulation has recently gathered attention. The objective of this study was to determine healthy spinal microglia and astrocyte morphology and disposition in equine spinal cord dorsal horns using Iba-1 and GFAP/Cx-43 immunofluorescence...

["Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Veterinary Medicine","Anaesthesiology and Pain Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3965
86 downloads
238 views

Language and music are peculiar human behaviors. We spend a large portion of our lives speaking, reading, processing speech, performing music and listening to tunes. At the same time, we still know very little as to why and how these structured behaviors emerged...

["Anthropology","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3366v1
100 downloads
957 views

Language lateralisation refers to the phenomenon in which one hemisphere (typically the left) shows greater involvement in language functions than the other. Measurement of laterality is of interest both to researchers investigating the neural organisation of the...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3929
69 downloads
348 views

In most humans, speech is predominantly processed by the left hemisphere. This auditory laterality was formerly thought to be an exclusive human characteristic, but is now suggested to have pre-human origins. In studies on auditory laterality in nonhuman animals,...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3925

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