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Total of 452 results See all subject areas
neuroscience

Based on psychophysical evidence about how learning of visuomotor transformation generalizes, it has been suggested that movements are planned on the basis of movement direction and magnitude, i.e., the vector connecting movement origin and targets. This notion...

["Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.342

In ChIP-Seq and DNase-Seq experiments the density of background reads can vary from sample to sample. Differences in background read densities between samples do not necessarily correspond to proportional changes of read densities in true ChIP-Seq peaks. Therefore,...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Neuroscience","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.175v2

Castration can change levels of plasma testosterone. Androgens such as testosterone play an important role in stabilizing birdsong. The robust nucleus of the arcopallium (RA) is an important premotor nucleus critical for singing. In this study, we investigated...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.352

Diffusion-weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DW-MRI) has emerged as the most popular neuroimaging technique used to depict the biological microstructural properties of human brain white matter. However, like other MRI technique, traditional DW-MRI data remains...

["Neuroscience","Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.222v3

Background. Interpretation is the process through which humans attribute meanings to the inputs they receive from their natural or social environment. Formulation and exchange of meanings (through natural language) are fundamental aspects of human behaviour and...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.358v1

Objective. To examine the factors predicting changes in language skills between 2 and 3 years.Methods. By using longitudinal data concerning 1002 children from the EDEN study, linear regression was used to predict 3-year language performance from 2-year language...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.335

Aetiologies of developmental dyslexia often assume a deficit in auditory processing may be causally entailed in the specific learning disorder. The purpose of this study is to compare a number of assumed auditory features that are supposed to evidence the account...

["Biophysics","Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.341v1

Purpose. People with stroke living in the community have an increased prevalence of depression and lower quality of life than healthy older adults. This cross-sectional observational study investigated whether participation in regular exercise was associated with...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.331

Emberizid sparrows (emberizidae) have played a prominent role in the study of avian vocal communication and social behavior. We present here brain transcriptomes for three emberizid model systems, song sparrow Melospiza melodia, white-throated sparrow Zonotrichia...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.297v3

Castration can change levels of plasma testosterone. Androgens such as testosterone play an important role in stabilizing birdsong. The robust nucleus of the arcopallium (RA) is an important premotor nucleus critical for singing. In this study, we investigated...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.247v2

The two major brain networks, i.e. the default mode network (DMN) and the task positive network, typically reveal negative and variable connectivity in resting-state. In the present study, we examined whether the connectivity between the DMN and different components...

["Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.124v2

Background: Individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are reported to manifest visual problems (including ophthalmological and color perception problems, particularly for blue-yellow stimuli), but findings are inconsistent. Accordingly, this...

["Neuroscience","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.261v1

As a research tool, virtual environments hold immense promise for brain scientists. Yet to fully realize this potential in non-human systems, theoretical and conceptual perspectives must be developed. When selectively coupled to nervous systems, virtual environments...

["Animal Behavior","Neuroscience","Zoology","Translational Medicine","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.193v2

Auditory Scene Analysis provides a useful framework for understanding atypical auditory perception in autism. Specifically, a failure to segregate the incoming acoustic energy into distinct auditory objects might explain the aversive reaction autistic individuals...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.261

The cerebrum of mammals spans a vast range of sizes and yet has a very regular structure. The amount of folding of the cortical surface and the proportion of white matter gradually increase with size, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, two laws...

["Evolutionary Studies","Mathematical Biology","Neuroscience","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.239v1

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