13 downloads
107 views

The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of exercises with different cognitive demands for cognitive functions (Executive and non-Executive) in healthy older adults. A cross-sectional design was adopted. In total, 84 healthy older adults were enrolled...

["Neuroscience","Geriatrics","Neurology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3943
36 downloads
171 views

Clinical evidence points to neuroprotective effects of smoking in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the pharmacological pathways involved in these neuroprotective effects, which could provide novel ideas for...

["Biochemistry","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Neurology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3933
22 downloads
242 views

Background. It has been suggested that failure to establish cerebral lateralisation may be related to developmental language disorder (DLD). There has been weak support for any link with handedness, but more consistent reports of associations with functional brain...

["Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3352v1
33 downloads
186 views

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a disorder characterized by dopaminergic neuron programmed cell death. The etiology of PD remains uncertain—some cases are due to selected genes associated with familial heredity, others are due to environmental exposure to...

["Microbiology","Neuroscience","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3823
39 downloads
214 views

Objectives Practitioners of mindfulness are reported to have greater cognitive control especially in conflict monitoring, response inhibition and sustained attention. However, due to the various existing methods in each mindfulness practices and also, the high...

["Neuroscience","Respiratory Medicine","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3857
43 downloads
230 views

Objective The present study aimed to assess the effects of exercise with dietary restriction on cardiac autonomic activity, arterial stiffness, and cardiovascular biomarkers in obese individuals. Methods Seventeen obese adults completed an 8-week exercise and dietary...

["Developmental Biology","Neuroscience","Cardiology","Clinical Trials"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3900
16 downloads
157 views

When two identical objects travel toward each other, overlap completely, and continue on toward opposite ends of a space, observers perceive them as streaming through or bouncing off each other (stream/bounce perception). In this phenomenon, proportion of perceiving...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3305v1
61 downloads
490 views

Background A growing set of studies has shown a positive relationship between aerobic fitness and a broad array of cognitive functions. However, few studies have focused on sustained attention, which has been considered a fundamental cognitive process that underlies...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3831
54 downloads
1,343 views

Negative correlations between pupil size and the tendency to look at salient locations were found in recent studies (e.g., Mathôt et al., 2015). It is hypothesized that this negative correlation might be explained by the mental effort put by participants in the...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3783
34 downloads
367 views

Increasing empirical research shows a deep connection between timing processes and neural processing of social information. An integrative theoretical framework for prospective studies in humans was recently proposed, linking timing to sociality. A similar framework...

["Animal Behavior","Evolutionary Studies","Neuroscience","Zoology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3275v1
99 downloads
374 views

In recent years, with the emergence of relatively inexpensive and accessible virtual reality technologies, it is now possible to deliver compelling and realistic simulations of human-to-human interaction. Neuroimaging studies have shown that, when participants...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3819
97 downloads
598 views

Neuron types (e.g., pyramidal cells) within one area of the brain are often considered homogeneous, despite variability in their biophysical properties. Here we review literature demonstrating variability in the electrical activity of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal...

["Biophysics","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3836
77 downloads
342 views

Background Psychological constructionist models like the Conceptual Act Theory (CAT) postulate that complex states such as emotions are composed of basic psychological ingredients that are more clearly respected by the brain than basic emotions. The objective of...

["Neuroscience","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3755
13 downloads
213 views

Background: Drugs for dementia have been available in England from 1997. Since their launch, there have been several changes to national guidelines and initiatives that may have influenced prescribing. These include changes in National Institute for health and...

["Neuroscience","Epidemiology","Pharmacology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3238v1
80 downloads
378 views

The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is gaining popularity as a laboratory organism and is used to model many human diseases. Many behavioural measures of locomotion and cognition have been developed that involve the processing of visual stimuli. However, the innate preference...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3748

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