45 downloads
374 views

Background The diversity and composition of the microbial community of tree leaves (the phyllosphere) varies among trees and host species and along spatial, temporal, and environmental gradients. Phyllosphere community variation within the canopy of an individual...

["Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2367
54 downloads
223 views

Biodiversity-ecosystem function (BEF) experiments routinely employ common garden designs, drawing samples from a local biota. The communities from which taxa are sampled may not, however, be at equilibrium. To test for temporal changes in BEF relationships, I assembled...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1897v2
53 downloads
83 views

The reliable detection of novel bacterial pathogens from next generation sequencing data is a key challenge for microbial diagnostics. Current computational tools usually rely on sequence similarity and often fail to detect novel species when closely related genomes...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2379v1
28 downloads
97 views

Identification and quantification of microorganisms is an important step in studying the alpha and beta diversities within and between microbial communities respectively. Both, identification and quantification of a given microbial community can be carried out...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2378v1
2 downloads
50 views

Strange patterns of white discoloration on leaves as well as unusual outgrowth that resembles arrested generation of new branches on stem were observed on a plant in Singapore. The white discoloration patterns were random in size and shape but radiated from the...

["Biochemistry","Ecology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2375v1
96 downloads
836 views

Development of tools to identify species, genotypes, or novel strains of invasive organisms is critical for monitoring emergence and implementing rapid response measures. Molecular markers, although critical to identifying species or genotypes, require bioinformatic...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Microbiology","Mycology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2279
74 downloads
361 views

Bacterial communities associated with healthy corals produce antimicrobial compounds that inhibit the colonization and growth of invasive microbes and potential pathogens. To date, however, bacteria-derived antimicrobial molecules have not been identified in reef-building...

["Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2275
39 downloads
343 views

Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is an effective method to describe bacterial populations. Conventionally, MLST involves Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) amplification of housekeeping genes followed by Sanger DNA sequencing. Public Health England (PHE) is in the...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2308
20 downloads
266 views

A homologue to a widely used genetic marker, pla, for Yersinia pestis has been identified in tissue samples of two species of rat (Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus) and of mice (Mus musculus and Apodemus sylvaticus) using a microarray based platform to screen...

["Genetics","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2216
290 downloads
501 views

Mementos encapsulate memories and serve as triggers for their recollections. By using a purple pigment producing bacterium as “ink” for writing on agar, a picture memento depicting the initials of students’ names was created to help them recollect, in future, the...

["Microbiology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.349v4
14 downloads
166 views

Phage-therapy is a promising alternative against pathogenic, multiple drug resistant bacteria. In this work we propose an algorithm to determine the optimal bacteriophage dose able to minimize a population of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Reverse engineering was used...

["Computational Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2359v1
22 downloads
60 views

In a recent commentary, Amann and Rosselló-Mórab summarize how the census of Bacteria and Archaea has changed over time (1). For decades, the number of recognized microbial taxa was underestimated owing to limitations associated with culture-based methods and the...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Microbiology","Taxonomy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2357v1
666 downloads
1,258 views

Zeta potential, defined as the electric charge at the shear plane, is widely used as a proxy parameter for bacteria cell surface charge. Nonspecific adsorption of ions or polyelectrolytes onto the cell surface, however, alters the value and polarity of the measured...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.110v5
45 downloads
442 views

The blacklegged tick Ixodes scapularis is widely distributed in the United States and transmits multiple pathogens to humans, wildlife and domestic animals. Recently, several novel viruses in the family Bunyaviridae (South Bay virus (SBV) and Blacklegged tick phlebovirus...

["Ecology","Entomology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2324
57 downloads
2,065 views

Vegemite is an iconic Australian food spread made from spent brewers’ yeast extract, which has been reported to be used as an ingredient in illegal home brewing. In this study, we tested the utility of Vegemite and the similar spread Marmite in promoting fermentation....

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Food Science and Technology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2271

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