1,058 downloads
1,989 views

Zeta potential, defined as the electric charge at the shear plane, is widely used as a proxy parameter for bacterial cell surface charge. Nonspecific adsorption of ions or polyelectrolytes onto the cell surface, however, alters the value and polarity of the measured...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.110v7
253 downloads
637 views

Microbes for environmental research should be cultured in growth media with characteristics (e.g., pH, ionic strength, and ionic composition) as close to their original habitat as possible. Additionally, the medium should also enable high cell density to be obtained,...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1406v6
211 downloads
1,327 views

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) systems are the adaptive immune systems of bacteria and archaea against viral infection. While CRISPRs have been exploited as a tool for genetic engineering, their spacer sequences can also provide...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2278v4
16 downloads
257 views

The growing use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in industrial and consumer products raises important questions about their environmental fate and impact on prokaryotes. In the environment, CNTs are exposed to a variety of conditions (e.g., UV light) that could lead...

["Microbiology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3721
10 downloads
64 views

The forest ecosystem is the main component of terrestrial ecosystems. The global climate and the functions and processes of soil microbes in the ecosystem are all influenced by litter decomposition. The effects of litter decomposition on the abundance of soil microorganisms...

["Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3161v1
142 downloads
436 views

Arsenic (As), a toxic element, has impacted life since early Earth. Thus, microorganisms have evolved many As resistance and tolerance mechanisms to improve their survival outcomes given As exposure. We isolated As resistant bacteria from Centralia, PA, the site...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2451v2
40 downloads
225 views

Background Eelgrass (Zostera marina) is a marine angiosperm and foundation species that plays an important ecological role in primary production, food web support, and elemental cycling in coastal ecosystems. As with other plants, the microbial communities living...

["Marine Biology","Microbiology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3674
53 downloads
391 views

As coral reef habitats decline worldwide, some reefs are transitioning from coral- to algal-dominated benthos with the exact cause for this shift remaining elusive. Increases in the abundance of microbes in the water column has been correlated with an increase...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Genomics","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3666
25 downloads
194 views

Background An exceptionally thick biofilm covers walls of ancient gold and arsenic Złoty Stok mine (Poland) in the apparent absence of organic sources of energy. Methods and Results We have characterized this microbial community using culture-dependent and independent...

["Biodiversity","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Biosphere Interactions","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3635
12 downloads
85 views

Background. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a disorder characterized by dopaminergic neuron programmed cell death. The etiology of PD remains uncertain—some cases are due to selected genes associated with familial heredity, others are due to environmental exposure...

["Microbiology","Neuroscience","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3152v1
23 downloads
188 views

Coral reefs are among the most biodiverse habitats on Earth, but knowledge of their associated marinemicrobiome remains limited. To increase the understanding of the coral reef ecosystem in the lower Gulf of Thailand, this study utilized 16S and 18S rRNA gene-based...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3625
67 downloads
265 views

Microbes often live in dense, dynamic, multi-species communities whose architecture and function are intimately intertwined. Imaging these complex, three-dimensional ensembles presents considerable technical challenges, however. In this review, I describe light...

["Biophysics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3135v1
217 downloads
1,068 views

Many amphibian species are at risk of extinction in their natural habitats due to the presence of the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). For the most highly endangered species, captive assurance colonies have been established as an emergency measure...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3594
16 downloads
111 views

LuxS is commonly found in various bacterial species, like A. hydrophila which causes infection in fish, shrimps, and prawns and is a great threat to aquaculture industry as well as public health. It is an essential enzyme and highly conserved in various bacterial...

["Bioinformatics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3109v1
85 downloads
328 views

Background Because of increasing antibiotic resistance, herbal teas are the most popular natural alternatives for the treatment of infectious diseases, and are currently gaining more importance. We examined the antimicrobial activities of 31 herbal teas both alone...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3467

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