Background. Members of the genus Bifidobacterium are abundant in the feces of babies during the exclusively-milk-diet period of life. Bifidobacterium longum is reported to be a common member of the infant fecal microbiota. However, B. longum is composed of three...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2899v1
1 download
1 view

The filamentous fungus Rhizopus delemar naturally accumulates relatively high amounts of fumarate. Although the culture conditions that increase fumarate yields are well established, the network underlying the accumulation of fumarate is not yet fully understood....

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Biotechnology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3133
754 downloads
453 views

This paper presents a novel assay that allows a quick and robust assessment of the effects of biocides on the initial settling and establishment of marine photoautotrophic biofilms. The assay integrates the response of the multitude of indigenous fouling organisms,...

["Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Taxonomy","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.240v3
49 downloads
593 views

Identification and quantification of microorganisms is a significant step in studying the alpha and beta diversities within and between microbial communities respectively. Both identification and quantification of a given microbial community can be carried out...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genomics","Microbiology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3138
23 downloads
283 views

Background Species identification is essential for controlling disease, understanding epidemiology, and to guide the implementation of phytosanitary measures against fungi from the genus Diaporthe. Accurate Diaporthe species separation requires using multi-loci...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3120
3 downloads
58 views

The phylum Actinobacteria constitutes one of the largest and anciently divergent phyla within the Bacteria domain. Actinobacterial diversity has been thoroughly researched in various environments due to its unique biotechnological potential. Such studies have focused...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2893v1
365 downloads
747 views

Microbes, while living in close proximity in biofilms, may in other cases not be closely localized in the environment. In the latter case, their interactions and communications are dependent on myriad factors such as existence of direct connections (e.g., web of...

["Biochemistry","Biotechnology","Cell Biology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.349v6
37 downloads
182 views

Taxonomic markers such as the 16S ribosomal RNA gene are widely used in microbial community analysis. A common first step in marker-gene analysis is grouping genes into clusters to reduce data sets to a more manageable size and potentially mitigate the effects...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2879v1
6 downloads
89 views

Insecticidal crystal (Cry) proteins produced by the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) target cells in the midgut epithelium of susceptible larvae. While the mode of action of Cry toxins has been extensively investigated, the midgut response to Cry intoxication...

["Entomology","Microbiology","Histology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2878v1
34 downloads
211 views

Background This study evaluates two procedures for typing of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci; GBS) isolates, using retrospective typing data from the period 2010 to 2014 with a commercial latex agglutination test (latex test) and the Lancefield precipitation...

["Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Internal Medicine","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3105
52 downloads
246 views

Background Probiotic microorganisms are gaining global importance because of their use in the preparation of a nutraceutical or in the treatment of infections. As per the health industry demand, there is an urgent need for exploring new indigenous probiotic strains...

["Food Science and Technology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3085
61 downloads
542 views

It has previously been shown that domestic dogs and their household owners share bacterial populations, and that sharing of bacteria between humans is facilitated through the presence of dogs in the household. However, less is known regarding the bacterial communities...

["Microbiology","Veterinary Medicine","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3075
47 downloads
318 views

Background Yeasts are a necessary requisite in the diet of most Drosophila species that, in turn, may vector their dispersal in natural environments. Differential attractiveness experiments and the isolation of yeasts consumed by Drosophila may be informative for...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3063
53 downloads
244 views

This study compared the effects of wheat- and sorghum-based diets on broiler chickens. The growth performance and caecal microbial community of chickens were measured and correlations between productivity and specific gut microbes were observed. Cobb broilers 15...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3071
22 downloads
69 views

Background. Litchi stink-bug, Tessaratoma papillosa Drury (Hemiptera: Tessaratomidae) is a major pest on litchi and longan in Southern China. It is urgent to develop valid biological agent for control the pest and improve IPM strategy on orchard farming. Entomopathogenic...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Microbiology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2851v1

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