In arable cropping systems, reduced or conservation tillage practices are linked with improved soil quality, C retention and higher microbial biomass, but most long-term studies rarely focus on depths greater than 15 cm nor allow comparison of microbial community...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3930
383 downloads
523 views

Pattern recognition is commonly used for identifying an unknown entity from a set of known objects curated in a database, and find use in various applications such as fingerprint matching and microbial identification. Mass spectrometry is increasingly used in identifying...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.580v3
13 downloads
262 views

Lakes are dynamic and complex ecosystems that can be influenced by physical, chemical, and biological processes. Additionally, individual lakes are often chemically and physically distinct, even within the same geographic region. Here we show that differences in...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3937
32 downloads
183 views

Several models have been developed for the description of diversity in estuaries and other brackish habitats, with the most recognized being Remane’s Artenminimum (“species minimum”) concept. It was developed for the Baltic Sea, one of the world’s largest semi-enclosed...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3687
43 downloads
347 views

Understanding how the environment selects a given taxon and the diversity patterns that emerge as a result of environmental filtering can dramatically improve our ability to analyse any environment in depth as well as advancing our knowledge on how the response...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Bioinformatics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3827
26 downloads
175 views

Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a disorder characterized by dopaminergic neuron programmed cell death. The etiology of PD remains uncertain—some cases are due to selected genes associated with familial heredity, others are due to environmental exposure to...

["Microbiology","Neuroscience","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3823
104 downloads
430 views

Microbes often live in dense, dynamic, multi-species communities whose architecture and function are intimately intertwined. Imaging these complex, three-dimensional ensembles presents considerable technical challenges, however. In this review, I describe light...

["Biophysics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3135v2
45 downloads
155 views

Background Litchi stink-bug, Tessaratoma papillosa Drury (Hemiptera: Tessaratomidae), is one of the most widespread and destructive pest species on Litchi chinensis Sonn and Dimocarpus longan Lour in Southern China. Inappropriate use of chemical pesticides has...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3888
50 downloads
195 views

Background Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are of great potential as novel antibiotics for the treatment of broad spectrum of pathogenic microorganisms including resistant bacteria. In this study, the mechanisms of action and the therapeutic efficacy of the hybrid...

["Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3887
41 downloads
285 views

Background The current first line drugs for treating uncomplicated malaria are artemisinin (ART) combination therapies. However, Plasmodium falciparum parasites resistant to ART and partner drugs are spreading, which threatens malaria control efforts. Rodent malaria...

["Bioinformatics","Genetics","Genomics","Microbiology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3766
42 downloads
95 views

Bacterial conjugation utilizes a type IV secretion system and a DNA transfer mechanism to deliver DNA from one cell to another. Conjugative partners are conventionally confined to the prokaryotic domain. In a prominent exception, Agrobacterium tumefaciens type...

["Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3321v1
620 downloads
4,885 views

Next-generation sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA is widely used to survey microbial communities. Sequences are typically assigned to Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs). Closed- and open-reference OTU assignment matches reads to a reference database at 97% identity...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3889
44 downloads
191 views

Insecticidal crystal (Cry) proteins produced by the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) target cells in the midgut epithelium of susceptible larvae. While the mode of action of Cry toxins has been extensively investigated, the midgut response to Cry intoxication...

["Entomology","Microbiology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3886
141 downloads
1,045 views

Background Horizontal gene transfer, the transfer and incorporation of genetic material between different species of organisms, has an important but poorly quantified role in the adaptation of microbes to their environment. Previous work has shown that genome size...

["Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3865
36 downloads
87 views

Atmospheric deposition represents a major vector of both macro- and micro-nutrients to the oligotrophic open oceans, potentially imposing a profound impact on the functioning of the microbial community. Whereas responses of the prokaryotes to atmospheric deposition...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3292v1

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