Although C-type cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS-C) is one of the most attractive tools for maize hybrid seed production, the detailed regulation network of the male sterility remains unclear. In order to identify the CMS-C sterility associated genes and/or pathways,...

["Agricultural Science","Genetics","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3408

Recent rapid advances in high-throughput, next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have promoted mitochondrial genome studies in the fields of human evolution, medical genetics, and forensic casework. However, scientists unfamiliar with computer programming...

["Genetics","Genomics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3406

Schistosomiasis remains a major parasitic disease, endemic in large parts of South America. Five neotropical species of Biomphalaria have been found to act as intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni in natural populations, while others have been shown to be susceptible...

["Ecology","Genetics","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3401

Background: For more than 25 years the golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei has been an aggressive invader in South America freshwaters, having travelled more than 5,000 km upstream across 5 countries. The mussel has outcompeted native species in the invaded environments...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2995v1
24 downloads
218 views

Background Adaptation to local habitat conditions may lead to the natural divergence of populations in life-history traits such as body size, time of reproduction, mate signaling or dispersal capacity. Given enough time and strong enough selection pressures, populations...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3371
22 downloads
149 views

Accurate species description in the marine environment is critical for estimating biodiversity and identifying genetically distinct stocks. Analysis of molecular data can potentially improve species delimitations because they are easily generated and independent,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3356
4 downloads
59 views

Marine microbes experience varying degrees of barometric pressure depending on the depth at which they reside. High barometric pressure can create an extreme environment which favors the survival of barophilic and barotolerant bacteria. This paper aims to quantify...

["Genetics","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2991v1
455 downloads
186 views

Background Sturnira is one of the most species-rich genera in the Neotropics, and it is found from Mexico and the Lesser Antilles to Argentina. This genus forms a well-supported monophyletic clade with at least twenty-one recognized species, as well as several...

["Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3367
26 downloads
210 views

Identifying species groups is an important yet difficult task, with there being no single accepted definition as to what constitutes a species, nor a set of criteria by which they should be delineated. Employing the General Lineage Concept somewhat circumvents...

["Biodiversity","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3310
10 downloads
155 views

An overdominant mutation in the elongation factor 1-alpha (EF1A) gene in the sea star Pisaster ochraceus has shown itself to mediate tolerance to "sea star wasting disease", a pandemic that has significantly reduced sea star populations on the Pacific coast of...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2990v1
19 downloads
196 views

Fecal samples play an important role in giant panda conservation studies. Optimal preservation conditions and choice of microsatellites for giant panda fecal samples have not been established. In this study, we evaluated the effect of four factors (namely, storage...

["Conservation Biology","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3358
18 downloads
135 views

Background. Oil spills are major environmental disasters. Dispersants help control spills, as they emulsify oil into droplets to speed bioremediation. Although dispersant toxicity is controversial, the genetic consequences and damages of dispersed oil exposure...

["Genetics","Genomics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2977v1
46 downloads
207 views

With the goal of evaluating genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) in a species with a complex octoploid genome, GBS was used to survey genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in three biparental strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa) populations. GBS sequence data...

["Agricultural Science","Genetics","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2975v1
34 downloads
249 views

Background Molecularly targeted therapies improved survival status of some patients with lung adenocarcinoma, which accounts for 40% of all lung cancers, and in-depth study of gene alterations is important for the personalized treatment. Methods The legacy archive...

["Genetics","Oncology","Respiratory Medicine","Medical Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3216
11 downloads
105 views

Movement in proteins requires energy. To this end, natural selection has selected phosphate as the principal energy currency in cells. On the other hand, depicting the state of transcription could come in the form of epigenetic markers, which are modifications...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Computational Biology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2966v1

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