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In the Evolve and Resequence method (E&R), experimental evolution and genomics are combined to investigate evolutionary dynamics and the genotype-phenotype link. As other genomic approaches, this methods requires many replicates with large population sizes, which...

["Animal Behavior","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1214
16 downloads
177 views

Supernumerary chromosomes have been shown to transfer horizontally from one isolate to another. However, the mechanism by which horizontal chromosome transfer (HCT) occurs is unknown. In this study, we compared the genomes of 11 isolates comprising six Fusarium...

["Computational Biology","Genetics","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1324v1
27 downloads
249 views

The lectin found in the tubers of the Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis) plant is an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine specific Type II Ribosome Inactivating Protein (RIP); Type II RIPs have shown anti-cancer properties, and hence have potential as therapeutic agents. Here...

["Biochemistry","Developmental Biology","Genetics","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1206
31 downloads
201 views

Silene ciliata Pourr. (Caryophyllaceae) is a species with a highly disjunct distribution which inhabits the alpine mountains of the Mediterranean Basin. We investigated the phylogeny and phylogeography of the species to (a) clarify the long-suggested division of...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1193
25 downloads
196 views

Background. In coalescent theory, computer programs often use importance sampling to calculate likelihoods and other statistical quantities. An importance sampling scheme can exploit human intuition to improve statistical efficiency of computations, but unfortunately,...

["Computational Biology","Genetics","Mathematical Biology","Science Policy","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1203
122 downloads
844 views

Sharks and rays are increasingly being identified as high-risk species for extinction, prompting urgent assessments of their local or regional populations. Advanced genetic analyses can contribute relevant information on effective population size and connectivity...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1188
41 downloads
279 views

Microsatellite loci are popular molecular markers due to their resolution in distinguishing individual genotypes. However, they have rarely been used to explore the population dynamics in species with biphasic life cycles in which both haploid and diploid stages...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1159
40 downloads
250 views

Dopamine is a major neurotransmitter in the human brain and is associated with various diseases. Schizophrenia, for example, is treated by blocking the dopamine receptors type 2. Shaner, Miller & Mintz (2004) stated that schizophrenia was the low fitness variant...

["Anthropology","Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1149
45 downloads
154 views

Introduction: Plant breeders are in search of traits for high grain yielding hybrids (GYHs), genotypes or populations in several crop species including maize. So, the research has been designed to examine a variety of SG traits during entire grain filling (GF)...

["Agricultural Science","Genetics","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.920v2
236 downloads
495 views

DNA data are becoming increasingly important in experimental biology. For example, it may be necessary to obtain DNA from an organism before using it in a bioassay or an experiment, to identify and distinguish between cryptic species, or when comparing different...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.655v3
44 downloads
237 views

Cryptic species are widespread across the phylum Porifera making the identification of non-indigenous species difficult, an issue not easily resolved by the use of morphological characteristics. The widespread order Haplosclerida is a prime example due to limited...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1170
109 downloads
811 views

Coral reefs surrounding the islands lying close to the coast are unique to the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) in that they are frequently exposed to disturbance events including floods caused by cyclonic rainfall, strong winds and occasional periods of prolonged above-average...

["Ecology","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1092
171 downloads
954 views

Conservation genomics has become an increasingly popular term, yet it remains unclear whether the non-invasive sampling that is essential for many conservation-related studies is compatible with the minimum requirements for harnessing next-generation sequencing...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1106
101 downloads
325 views

Methylation has previously been associated with allele specific expression in ants. Recently, we found methylation is important in worker reproduction in the bumblebee Bombus terrestris. Here we searched for allele specific expression in twelve genes associated...

["Animal Behavior","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1079
38 downloads
148 views

Research on climate change-driven coral disease outbreaks has greatly advanced our understanding of the coral innate immune system, and coral genomics has provided insight into the evolution of metazoan immune systems. However, only recently has next generation...

["Conservation Biology","Genetics","Genomics","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1230v1

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