In Washington D.C., recent legislation authorizes citizens to test if products are properly represented and, if they are not, to bring a lawsuit for the benefit of the general public. Recent studies revealing the widespread phenomenon of seafood substitution across...

["Conservation Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Zoology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3234
3 downloads
1 view

Although hedgehogs are well-known examples of postglacial recolonisation, the specific processes that shape their population structures have not been examined by detailed sampling and fast-evolving genetic markers in combination with model based clustering methods....

["Biogeography","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3163

Background. Adaptation to local habitat conditions may lead to the natural divergence of populations in life-history traits such as body size, time of reproduction, mate signaling or dispersal capacity. Given enough time and strong enough selection pressures, populations...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2944v1
7 downloads
85 views

Schistosomiasis remains a major parasitic disease, endemic in large parts of South America. Five neotropical species of Biomphalaria have been found to act as intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni in natural populations, while others have been shown to be susceptible...

["Ecology","Genetics","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2933v1
64 downloads
377 views

Background The evolution of South American Mabuyinae skinks holds significant biogeographic interest because its sister lineage is distributed across the African continent and adjacent islands. Moreover, at least one insular species, Trachylepis atlantica, has...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3194
49 downloads
201 views

Recent studies have reported an unusually high frequency of nonamplifying alleles at microsatellite loci in bivalves. Null alleles have been associated with heterozygous deficits in many studies. While several studies have tested for its presence using different...

["Conservation Biology","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3188
10 downloads
206 views

The characteristic ground colour and banding patterns on shells of the land snail Cepaea nemoralis form a classic study system for genetics and adaptation. We use RNAseq analysis to identify candidate genes underlying this polymorphism. We sequenced cDNA from the...

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2928v1
81 downloads
292 views

There is an urgent need to identify and understand the ecosystem services of pollination and seed dispersal provided by threatened mammals such as flying foxes. The first step towards this is to obtain comprehensive data on their diet. However, the volant and nocturnal...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3176
29 downloads
122 views

Background. DNA sequences are pivotal for a wide array of research in biology. Large sequence databases, like GenBank, provide an amazing resource to utilize DNA sequences for large scale analyses. However, many sequences on GenBank contain more than one gene or...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2920v1
19 downloads
257 views

Pedigrees, though straightforward and versatile, lack the ability to tell us information about many individuals. Though numerical systems have been developed, there is currently no system to quantify the probability of a pedigree following certain inheritance systems....

["Bioinformatics","Genetics","Mathematical Biology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2871v5
9 downloads
74 views

Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook) is an excellent fast-growing timber species and has significant value in the forestry industry. In order to increase the nitrogen and phosphorus absorption and utilization in Chinese fir, shared differentially...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Genetics","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2916v1
95 downloads
332 views

Background The monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia) is a medically important venomous snake in Southeast Asia. Its venom has been shown to vary geographically in relation to venom composition and neurotoxic activity, indicating vast diversity of the toxin genes within...

["Genetics","Molecular Biology","Toxicology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3142
18 downloads
189 views

Background. The diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum is a model photosynthetic organism. Functional genomic work in this organism has established a variety of genetic tools including RNA interference (RNAi). RNAi is a post-transcriptional regulatory process that can...

["Biotechnology","Genetics","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2907v1
283 downloads
620 views

Crop domestication is an adaptive process that transforms a wild plant into a domesticated species that can reared and maintained for human use. Though there are hundreds of thousands of flowering plant species, only a small fraction has ever been domesticated....

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2902v1
56 downloads
231 views

Background The introduction of exotic species can have serious consequences for marine ecosystems. On the shores of the Cantabrian Sea (North of Spain) there are no routine examinations of seaweeds that combine molecular and morphological methods for early detection...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Genetics","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3116

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