Background Antimicrobial use in livestock production is an important contemporary issue, which is of public interest worldwide. Antimicrobials are not freely available to Austrian farmers and can only be administered to livestock by veterinarians, or by farmers...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4072

Aims Periodontitis and psoriatic disease, including psoriasis (PS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), share the common risk factors and co-morbidities. However, the risk of periodontitis in patients with psoriatic disease still needs further investigation. This study...

["Dentistry","Dermatology","Epidemiology","Public Health","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4064
11 downloads
107 views

Outdoor transmission of malaria and other vector borne diseases remains a problem. The WHO has recently recognized the need for suitable methods for assessing vector density outdoors and a number of tent-traps have been developed. Only one such trap, the Furvela...

["Ecology","Entomology","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3848
12 downloads
75 views

Animal borne rabies is a source of infection in humans, and raccoons (Procyon lotor) are the primary terrestrial reservoir in West Virginia (WV). To assess the behavior and status of raccoon variant rabies virus (RRV) in WV, a longitudinal analysis for the period...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3403v1
23 downloads
421 views

The core antigen of the hepatitis C virus (HCV Ag) presents an alternative marker to HCV RNA when screening patients for HCV viremia. This study sought to evaluate the utility of HCV Ag as a marker to assess active HCV infection in individuals residing in an HCV-endemic...

["Molecular Biology","Virology","Epidemiology","Gastroenterology and Hepatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4008
17 downloads
88 views

Background: Haemophilus parasuis is a common porcine respiratory disease that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality in farmed swine. We performed a molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes harbored by H. parasuis from pig farms in China....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3386v1
16 downloads
89 views

Background Home-initiated tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve test uptake and linkage to care among at-risk contacts of active TB index patients. However, there is a need to systematically explore why contacts accept, decline, or are unable to complete these...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3384v1
39 downloads
252 views

Background Self-medication refers to the use of medicines to treat self-diagnosed diseases without consulting any healthcare professionals. Irrational drug use and self-medication have serious negative consequences both on health and economy. Therefore, the aim...

["Epidemiology","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3990
68 downloads
639 views

Background Like other health professionals, community pharmacists are exposed to stress factors (being efficient, avoiding mistakes and bearing emotional load), but they are also under the pressure of entrepreneurial responsibilities. The main objective was to...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3973
48 downloads
635 views

Households are an important location for the transmission of communicable diseases. Social contact between household members is typically more frequent, of greater intensity, and is more likely to involve people of different age groups than contact occurring in...

["Anthropology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3958
51 downloads
1,041 views

Background Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a commonly used instrument for analysing segmental body composition (BC). The information from the scan guides the clinician in the treatment of conditions such as obesity and can be used to monitor recovery...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Kinesiology","Nutrition","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3880
37 downloads
173 views

Background In late 2015, cut-off points were published for foveal thickness to diagnose diabetic macular oedema taking into account the presence of intraretinal fluid using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in primary care patients (90 µm in the presence of intraretinal...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Ophthalmology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3922
148 downloads
1,232 views

Background As next generation sequence technology has advanced, there have been parallel advances in genome-scale analysis programs for determining evolutionary relationships as proxies for epidemiological relationship in public health. Most new programs skip traditional...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Food Science and Technology","Genomics","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3893
62 downloads
165 views

Setting Seven public tuberculosis (TB) units in Kampala, Uganda, where Uganda’s national TB program recently introduced household contact investigation, as recommended by 2012 guidelines from WHO. Objective To apply a cascade analysis to implementation of household...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3313v1
67 downloads
347 views

Objective The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review of multi-scale HIV immunoepidemiological models to improve our understanding of the synergistic impact between the HIV viral-immune dynamics at the individual level and HIV transmission dynamics...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","HIV","Immunology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3877

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