35 downloads
332 views

With 600 described species, the ant genus Tetramorium represents one of the most species-rich ant radiations. However, much work remains to fully document the hyperdiversity of this remarkable group. Tetramorium, while globally distributed, is thought to have originated...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3800
35 downloads
618 views

Background The 152 extant species of kissing bug include important vectors of the debilitating, chronic, and often fatal Chagas disease, which affects several million people mainly in Central and South America. An understanding of the natural hosts of this speciose...

["Entomology","Molecular Biology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3826
36 downloads
431 views

The social hymenoptera are emerging as models for epigenetics. DNA methylation, the addition of a methyl group, is a common epigenetic marker. In mammals and flowering plants methylation affects allele specific expression. There is contradictory evidence for the...

["Animal Behavior","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3798
40 downloads
411 views

Background Coexistence of sexual and asexual populations remains a key question in evolutionary ecology. We address the question how an asexual and a sexual form of the parasitoid Venturia canescens can coexist in southern Europe. We test the hypothesis that both...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3699
71 downloads
575 views

Pondweed bugs (Hemiptera: Mesoveliidae), considered a sister group to all other Gerromorpha, are exceedingly rare as fossils. Therefore, each new discovery of a fossil mesoveliid is of high interest, giving new insight into their early evolutionary history and...

["Ecology","Entomology","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3760
28 downloads
187 views

Discarded vehicle tire casings are an important artificial habitat for the developmental stages of numerous vector mosquitoes. Discarded vehicle tires degrade under ultraviolet light and leach numerous soluble metals (e.g., barium, cadmium, zinc) and organic substances...

["Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3756
77 downloads
514 views

Urbanization transforms undeveloped landscapes into built environments, causing changes in communities and ecological processes. Flying arthropods play important roles in these processes as pollinators, decomposers, and predators, and can be important in structuring...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Biosphere Interactions","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3620
68 downloads
256 views

In order to understand the distribution and prevalence of Ommatissus lybicus (Hemiptera: Tropiduchidae) as well as analyse their current biographical patterns and predict their future spread, comprehensive and detailed information on the environmental, climatic,...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3752
49 downloads
321 views

Background The caddisfly genus Oecetis currently contains 534 valid species. Its larval stages are found in freshwaters around the world. The adults can be distinguished from other Leptoceridae by the unbranched forewing M vein and the exceptionally long maxillary...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3753
46 downloads
396 views

During the last two decades, bioerosion of bone has become more widely investigated, with the earliest identified coming from mid-Triassic strata. Bioerosion has even been identified in bone fragments from a Jurassic theropod coprolite. Although the effects of...

["Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3200v2
35 downloads
186 views

DNA analysis of predator feces using high-throughput amplicon sequencing (HTS) enhances our understanding of predator-prey interactions. However, conclusions drawn from this technique are constrained by biases that occur in multiple steps of the HTS workflow. To...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Entomology","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3184v1
45 downloads
271 views

This study examined defensive behaviors of Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae varying in body size in response to two parasitoids varying in oviposition behavior; Microplitis mediator females sting the host with the ovipositor after climbing onto...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3690
20 downloads
103 views

Three cryptic species in the Euwallacea fornicatus species complex were reared in laboratory colonies and investigated for the presence of pheromones. Collections of volatiles from combinations of diet, fungus, beetles, and galleries from polyphagous shot hole...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3175v1
35 downloads
173 views

The structural dynamics of host–parasitoid populations play a key role in the mechanism of natural community development with invasive species. Species invading new habitats experience coevolution with their newly acquired natural enemies, and their population...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Biosphere Interactions"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3610
64 downloads
469 views

The molecular mechanisms that allow generalist parasitoids to exploit many, often very distinct hosts are practically unknown. The wasp Aphidius ervi, a generalist koinobiont parasitoid of aphids, was introduced from Europe into Chile in the late 1970s to control...

["Animal Behavior","Entomology","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3640

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