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ecology

The widespread invasion of the nonmycorrhizal biennial plant, Alliaria petiolata in North America is hypothesized to be facilitated by the production of novel biochemical weapons that suppress the growth of mycorrhizal fungi. As a result, A. petiolata is expected...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1090

The structural complexity of coral reefs plays a major role in the biodiversity, productivity, and overall functionality of reef ecosystems. Conventional metrics with 2-dimensional properties are inadequate for characterization of reef structural complexity. A...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1077

Despite the central role of species distributions in ecology and conservation, occurrence information remains geographically and taxonomically incomplete and biased. Numerous socio-economic and ecological drivers of uneven record collection and mobilization among...

["Biogeography","Bioinformatics","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1218v1
9 downloads
47 views

The use of species distribution models’ (SDM) is limited by its performance in terms of accuracy, precision, or the spatial distribution of model errors. Despite the wide acceptance of some standard statistics used to evaluate SDM, there is currently a strong on-going...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1208v1
14 downloads
133 views

The American brine shrimp Artemia franciscana is invasive in the Mediterranean region where it has displaced native species (the sexual A. salina, and the clonal A. parthenogenetica) from many salt pond complexes. Artemia populations are parasitized by numerous...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Parasitology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1073
146 downloads
189 views

Stream classification provides a means to understand the diversity and distribution of channels and floodplains that occur across a landscape while drawing linkages between geomorphic form and process. Accordingly, stream classification is frequently employed as...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biogeography","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.885v2
35 downloads
135 views

Crustose coralline algae (CCA) are major benthic calcifiers that play crucial roles in marine ecosystems, particularly coral reefs. Over the past two decades, epizootics have been reported for several CCA species on coral reefs worldwide. However, their causes...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1034
26 downloads
84 views

With on-going climate change, coral susceptibility to thermal stress constitutes a central concern in reefconservation. In the Persian Gulf, coral reefs are confronted with a high seasonal variability in water temperature, and both hot and cold extremes have been...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1062
24 downloads
96 views

Patterns of dispersal and connectivity of the Caribbean gorgonian Antillogorgia elisabethae in The Bahamas were assessed in both adults and recently settled recruits from 13 sites using microsatellite loci. Adult populations along the Little Bahama Bank (LBB) exhibited...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1019
65 downloads
400 views

Understanding the role of predators in food webs can be challenging in highly diverse predator/prey systems composed of small cryptic species. DNA based dietary analysis can supplement predator removal experiments and provide high resolution for prey identification....

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1047
20 downloads
65 views

The Ganges River dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) (GRD) is classified as one of the most endangered of all cetaceans in the world and the second scarcest freshwater cetacean. The population is estimated to be less than 2,000 individuals. In Nepal’s Narayani,...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1197v1
40 downloads
165 views

We observed premature feather loss (PFL) among common terns Sterna hirundo at a small colony in northern Lake Ontario, Canada in July 2014. This condition is characterized by affected chicks losing all their wing, tail, head and body feathers several weeks after...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Toxicology","Virology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1196v1
92 downloads
730 views

Seagrass meadows globally are disappearing at a rapid rate with physical disturbances being one of the major drivers of this habitat loss. Disturbance of seagrass can lead to fragmentation, a reduction in shoot density, canopy height and coverage, and potentially...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1053
29 downloads
138 views

Maintaining ecological integrity necessitates a proactive approach of identifying and acquiring lands to conserve unfragmented landscapes, as well as evaluating existing mitigation strategies to increase connectivity in fragmented landscapes. The increased use...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1045
29 downloads
293 views

Potential ecophysiological responses to nitrogen deposition, which is considered to be one of the leading causes for global biodiversity loss, were studied for the endangered endemic Mexican epiphytic orchid, Laelia speciosa, via a shadehouse dose-response experiment...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science","Soil Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1021

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