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ecology

Ocean acidification (OA) is today considered one of the most pervasive stressors for marine biota at the level of species, communities and ecosystems. Naturally acidified systems, such as the CO2 vents, represent suitable laboratories to study the effects of OA...

["Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1006v1

Polychaetes represent one of the most diversified and abundant taxa associated with seagrass meadows. These organisms show various feeding habits at different levels of the complex seagrass food web, representing suitable bioindicators of meadow structure and environmental...

["Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1005v1
51 downloads
127 views

Quantitative analysis of stable isotopes (SI) and, more recently, fatty acid profiles (FAP) are useful and complementary tools for estimating the relative contribution of different prey items in the diet of a predator. The combination of these two approaches, however,...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Bioinformatics","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.920
5 downloads
8 views

Movement ecology of arboreal monkeys in Central America involves the action of diverse body postures to address challenges in rain forests, where scattered resources and complex habitat structure demand that a primate frequently employ extreme physical finesse...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1002v1
2 downloads
17 views

Geographical patterns in body size have been described across a wide range of species, leading to the development of a series of fundamental biological rules. However, shape variables are less well-described despite having substantial consequences for organismal...

["Biogeography","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.998v1
84 downloads
161 views

An emerging conceptual framework suggests that communities are composed of two main groups of species through time: core species that are temporally persistent, and transient species that are temporally intermittent. Core and transient species have been shown to...

["Biodiversity","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.629v2
3 downloads
8 views

Biological invasion represent one of the major threats to global biodiversity as alien species often displace indigenous species. However, knowledge of the mechanisms behind such displacements and the driving factors of the competitive superiority of the alien...

["Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.997v1
59 downloads
161 views

The teosinte branched1(tb1) gene is a major QTL controlling branching differences between maize and its wild progenitor, teosinte. The insertion of a transposable element (Hopscotch) upstream of tb1 is known to enhance the gene’s expression, causing reduced tillering...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.900
110 downloads
96 views

Flowering is one of the most influential events in the life history of a plant and one of the main determinants of reproductive investment and lifetime fitness. It is also a highly complex trait controlled by dozens of genes. Understanding the selective pressures...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.898
8 downloads
27 views

In Mediterranean benthic ecosystems of shallow water local-scale predation maintains a main control on both sea urchin population and the ecological structure of macrophyte community. The use of the habitat by local predator guild in dependence on the regional...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.982v1
103 downloads
60 views

Signalling helps connects different organisms in the biosphere. This research note describes the possible concentration-dependent odour mediated attraction of flies to stationary phase aerobic liquid cultures of Bacillus subtilis NRS-762 maintained on an open orbital...

["Biochemistry","Ecology","Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.541v2
55 downloads
44 views

The American brine shrimp Artemia franciscana is invasive in the Mediterranean region where it has displaced native species (the sexual A. salina, and the clonal A. parthenogenetica) from many salt pond complexes. Artemia populations are parasitized by numerous...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Parasitology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.975v1
824 downloads
4,237 views

Trace marks on the bones of non-avian dinosaurs may relate to feeding by large carnivores or as a result of combat. Here the cranium and mandible of a specimen of Daspletosaurus are described that show numerous premortem injuries with evidence of healing and these...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.885
43 downloads
139 views

The branch autonomy principle, which states that the growth of individual branches can be predicted from their morphology and position in the forest canopy irrespective of the characteristics of the tree, has been used to simplify models of branch growth in trees....

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.873
146 downloads
541 views

The three-dimensional form of a coral reef develops through interactions and feedbacks between its constituent organisms and their environment. Reef morphology therefore contains a potential wealth of ecological information, accessible if the relationships between...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.576v3

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