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ecology
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Many group-living animals coordinate movements with acoustic signals, but so far most studies have focused on how group movements are initiated. In this study, we investigated movement patterns of wild sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys), a mostly terrestrial, forest-dwelling...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2298
1 download
4 views

Larvae of the marine gastropod Crepidula fornicata must complete a transition from the plankton, where they are highly dispersed, to an aggregated group of benthic adults. Previous research has shown that selective settlement of larvae on conspecific adults is...

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2295
2 downloads
2 views

The intertidal zone is a transitional environment that undergoes daily environmental fluctuations as tides rise and fall. Relatively few fish species are adapted to endure the physiological pressures of this environment. This study focused on Bathygobius cocosensis...

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2263
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1 view

Many studies predict that climate change will cause species movement and turnover, but few have considered the effect of climate change on range fragmentation for current species and/or populations. We used MaxEnt to predict suitable habitat, fragmentation and...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2185
4 downloads
62 views

Dormancy is a general microbial life-history trait that leads to the emergence of seed banks across diverse ecosystems. While the primary forces driving seed banks include macroscale factors like resource supply, the importance of microscale factors such as individual...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Mathematical Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2321v1
2 downloads
85 views

Understanding the distribution of taxa and associated traits across different environments is one of the central questions in microbial ecology. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) studies are presently generating huge volumes of data to address this biogeographical...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2317v1
11 downloads
168 views

Food web interactions are key to community structure. The introduction of species can be seen as an uncontrolled experiment of the addition of species. Introduced species lead to multiple changes, frequently threatening the native biodiversity. However, little...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2273
7 downloads
166 views

Background. The extent to which ectomycorrhizal fungi mediate primary production, carbon storage, and nutrient remineralization in terrestrial ecosystems depends upon fungal community composition. However, the factors that govern community composition at the root...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2270
6 downloads
84 views

To investigate community shelter effects of two invasive decapod species, Hemigrapsus sanguineus and Carcinus maenas, in the Long Island Sound (LIS), we deployed artificial shelters in the intertidal and immediate subtidal zones. These consisted of five groups...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2265
6 downloads
69 views

Background. Many aphid species, including the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, exhibit a behaviour where they drop or fall from their host plant, a commonly used strategy to avoid predation, parasitism or physical disturbance. We hypothesised that there was a physiological...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2236
69 downloads
791 views

The general morphological shape of plant-resembling fish and plant parts were compared using a geometric morphometrics approach. Three plant-mimetic fish species, Lobotes surinamensis (Lobotidae), Platax orbicularis (Ephippidae) and Canthidermis maculata (Balistidae),...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2268
34 downloads
215 views

Background: Diverse flower communities are more stable in floral resource production along the flowering season, but the question about how the diversity and stability of resources affect pollinator reproduction remains open. High plant diversity could favor short...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2250
28 downloads
394 views

Caribbean ciliate infection (CCI) and white band disease (WBD) are diseases that affect a multitude of coral hosts and are associated with rapid rates of tissue losses, thus contributing to declining coral cover in Caribbean reefs. In this study we compared tissue...

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2196
6 downloads
53 views

The production of hydrogen and methane by geochemical reactions associated with the serpentinization of ultramafic rocks can potentially support subsurface microbial ecosystems independent of the photosynthetic biosphere. Methanogenic and methanotrophic microorganisms...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genomics","Marine Biology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2315v1
3 downloads
64 views

Previous studies have shown that natural honeybee and bumble bee colonies are hosts of the small hive beetle (SHB) Aethina tumida, a pest of honeybee colonies in various regions of the world. Recent studies also reported the presence of SHBs in colonies of certain...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2310v1

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