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ecology
13 downloads
137 views

The use of fences to segregate wildlife can change predator and prey behaviour. Predators can learn to incorporate fencing into their hunting strategies and prey can learn to avoid foraging near fences. A twelve-strand electric predator-proof fence surrounds our...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1681
8 downloads
45 views

Microgeographic variation in fitness-relevant traits may be more common than previously appreciated. The fitness of many vertebrates is directly related to their locomotor capacity, a whole-organism trait integrating behavior, morphology, and physiology. Because...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1737v1
28 downloads
77 views

Aggregation during dispersal from source to settlement sites can allow persistence of weak competitors, by creating conditions where stronger competitors are more likely to interact with conspecifics than with less competitive heterospecifics. However, different...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1734v1
16 downloads
48 views

Cleaning interactions between the short fin devil ray, Mobula kuhlii, and the blue streaked cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, were observed at two sites on a single reef in southern Mozambique. Cleaning interactions were filmed and described, with the number...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1724v1
134 downloads
97 views

The natural sciences, such as ecology and earth science, study complex interactions between biotic and abiotic systems in order to infer understanding and make predictions. Machine-learning-based methods have an advantage over traditional statistical methods in...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1720v1
11 downloads
66 views

Microsatellite markers remain an important tool for ecological and evolutionary research, but are unavailable for many non-model organisms. One such organism with rare ecological and evolutionary features is the epizoic barnacle Chelonibia testudinaria (Linnaeus,...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1715v1
58 downloads
330 views

Globally, mature forests appear to be increasing in biomass density (BD). There is disagreement whether these increases are the result of increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations or a legacy effect of previous land-use. Recently, it was suggested that a threshold...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1595
30 downloads
39 views

Background. The shells of molluscs survive well in most sedimentary contexts and yield information about the diet of prehistoric humans. They also yield evidence of symbolic behaviours, through their use as beads for body adornments. Researchers often analyse the...

["Anthropology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1710v1
26 downloads
65 views

Philodendron is the second most diverse genus of the Araceae, a tropical monocot family with significant morphological diversity along its wide geographic distribution in the Neotropics. Although evolutionary studies of Philodendron were conducted in recent years,...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1708v1
13 downloads
50 views

Sex-role reversal, in which males care for offspring, can occur when mate competition is stronger between females than males. Secondary sex traits and mate attracting displays in sex-role-reversed species are usually more pronounced in females than in males. The...

["Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1704v1
69 downloads
453 views

The Tennessee River Basin is considered one of the most important regions for freshwater biodiversity anywhere on the globe. The Tennessee River Basin currently includes populations of at least half of the described contemporary diversity of extant North American...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biogeography","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1648
77 downloads
301 views

Rising temperatures and ocean acidification driven by anthropogenic carbon emissions threaten both tropical and temperate corals. However, the synergistic effect of these stressors on coral physiology is still poorly understood, in particular for cold-water corals....

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1606
386 downloads
4,103 views

An ever expanding body of research investigates the human microbiome in general and the skin microbiome in particular. Microbiomes vary greatly from individual to individual. Understanding the factors that account for this variation, however, has proven challenging,...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1605
18 downloads
42 views

Invasive plants escape from some natural enemies as predictions of Enemy Release Hypothesis (ERH). However, in fact they still have to face the pressure of generalist herbivores in introduced ranges resulting in the maintenance or enhancing of resistance ability...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1696v1
46 downloads
109 views

Cluster analysis is one of the most commonly used methods in palaeoecological studies, particularly in studies investigating biogeographic patterns. Although a number of different clustering methods are widely used, the approach and underlying assumptions of many...

["Biogeography","Computational Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1693v1

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