Trichogramma wasps are tiny parasitoids of lepidopteran eggs, used extensively for biological control. They are often infected with the bacterial symbiont Wolbachia, which converts Trichogramma to an asexual mode of reproduction, whereby females develop from unfertilized...

["Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3505
1 download
1 view

The five community state types (CSTs) first identified by Ravel et al. (2011) offered a powerful scheme to classify the states of human vaginal microbial communities (HVMC). The classification is a significant advance because it devised an effective handle to deal...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology","Women\u2019s Health","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3366
3 downloads
33 views

Background. Viral metagenomics (viromics) is increasingly used to obtain uncultivated viral genomes, evaluate community diversity, and assess ecological hypotheses. While viromic experimental methods are relatively mature and widely accepted by the research community,...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3053v1
10 downloads
60 views

Cancer development as an ecological and evolutionary process is poorly understood, which includes early cancer evolution, malignancy and metastasis. It was hypothesised that the tumour microenvironment (TME) plays a critical role in this process. Unfortunately,...

["Computational Biology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Oncology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3052v1
15 downloads
177 views

Mobulid rays are one of the most vulnerable chondrichthyan groups due to their low population growth rates and high susceptibility to fisheries. While estimates of human-induced mortality are lacking, sighting trend data can provide an index of their status. We...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3051v1
6 downloads
65 views

The sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) population in the Ramsar-listed Kushiro Wetland has increased in recent years, and the Ministry of the Environment of Japan has decided to take measures to reduce the impact these sika deer are having on the ecosystem. However,...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3048v1
7 downloads
83 views

Population genetic analyses of the invasive pantropical earthworm P. corethrurus populations will contribute significantly to better understand the ecology and especially the reproductive system of this species. Using 34 polymorphic ISSR markers the genetic diversity...

["Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Soil Science","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3024v1
39 downloads
277 views

The colour patterns and morphological peculiarities of the hindwings of several butterfly species result in the appearance of a head at the rear end of the insect’s body. Although some experimental evidence supports the hypothesis that the “false head” deflects...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3493
14 downloads
146 views

Our ability to prevent extinction in declining populations often depends on effective management of habitats that are disturbed through wildfire, logging, agriculture, or development. In these disturbed landscapes, the juxtaposition of multiple habitat types can...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3500
45 downloads
402 views

Coral reefs are among the most biodiverse and productive ecosystems on Earth, and provide critical ecosystem services such as protein provisioning, coastal protection, and tourism revenue. Despite these benefits, coral reefs have been declining precipitously across...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3499
28 downloads
175 views

Background Shrubs play a key role in biogeochemical cycles, prevent soil and water erosion, provide forage for livestock, and are a source of food, wood and non-wood products. However, despite their ecological and societal importance, the influence of different...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3446
39 downloads
298 views

Symbiotic microalgae (Symbiodinium spp.) strongly influence the performance and stress-tolerance of their coral hosts, making the analysis of Symbiodinium communities in corals (and metacommunities on reefs) advantageous for many aspects of coral reef research....

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3472
66 downloads
846 views

Human impacts are causing ecosystem phase shifts from coral- to algal-dominated reef systems on a global scale. As these ecosystems undergo transition, there is an increased incidence of coral-macroalgal interactions. Mounting evidence indicates that the outcome...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Biophysics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3423
32 downloads
189 views

Empirical and mechanistic modeling indicate that pathogens transmitted via aerially dispersed inoculum follow a power law, resulting in dispersive epidemic waves. The spread parameter (b) of the power law model, which is an indicator of the distance of the epidemic...

["Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3465
35 downloads
200 views

Loss of biodiversity caused by impact of elephants (Loxodonta africana) on African woodlands may require a management response, but any action should be based on an understanding of why elephants choose to utilise trees destructively. Comprehension of elephant...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3453

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