The use of functional traits has increased exponentially in ecology, particularly in attempting to explain ecosystem functioning. This popularity has led to many proposed definitions of functional traits, which in turn has informed recommendations about how to...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2631v1
3 downloads
16 views

Cascaded performance and compartments of constructed wetlands may harbor the internal eco-environmental gradients and further differentiate the niche and community structure of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA). Here, we used quantitative PCR and 454 pyrosequencing...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2629v1
48 downloads
446 views

Background Viruses strongly influence microbial population dynamics and ecosystem functions. However, our ability to quantitatively evaluate those viral impacts is limited to the few cultivated viruses and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) viral genomes captured in quantitative...

["Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2777
5 downloads
66 views

Reptiles are key animals in vertebrate communities in most ecosystems. However, there is little information on their diversity and abundance in dry forests of Ecuador. Between 2013 and 2014 we studied the reptile diversity and natural history of the Puyango Protected...

["Biodiversity","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2625v1
150 downloads
756 views

Background Seed-applied neonicotinoids are widely used in agriculture, yet their effects on non-target species remain incompletely understood. One important group of non-target species is arthropod natural enemies (predators and parasitoids), which contribute considerably...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2776
23 downloads
206 views

Foxes are timid yet resourceful animals that are integrated into many urban environments. Because they are elusive, collecting information about the number of urban foxes, their diet and spatial distribution, their interactions with the ecological community in...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2623v1
10 downloads
101 views

Introduction: The rhizospheres, the most active interfaces between plants and soils, play a central role in a long-term maintenance of the biosphere. The anti-erodibility of soils (AES) regulated by the root exudates is crucial to the stability of the rhizospheres....

["Ecology","Plant Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2624v1
20 downloads
75 views

Worker honeybees (Apis mellifera) transmit Melissococcus plutonius between colonies. However, the transmission of M. plutonius, which causes European foulbrood (EFB), is poorly understood. To analyze the first EFB outbreak in 40 years in Czechia, we collected 49...

["Ecology","Entomology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2618v1
25 downloads
272 views

To answer many of the major questions in comparative botany, ecology, and global change biology it is necessary to extrapolate across enormous geographic, temporal and taxonomic scales. Yet much ecological knowledge is still based on observations conducted within...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2615v2
26 downloads
260 views

1. Interspecific relationships, termed symbiosis, are considered very diverse, while intraspecific relationships have just two categories. 2. The present classification fails to define all interactions among members of the same species, as demonstrated by observations...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2563v2
194 downloads
376 views

Vegetation response to nutrient addition can vary across space, yet studies that explicitly incorporate spatial pattern into experimental approaches are rare. To explore whether there are unique spatial scales (grains) at which grass response to nutrients and herbivory...

["Agricultural Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2745
67 downloads
275 views

The effective management of invasive species requires detailed understanding of the invader’s life history. This information is essential for modeling population growth and predicting rates of expansion, quantifying ecological impacts and assessing the efficacy...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2730
23 downloads
98 views

Non-systematically collected, a.k.a. opportunistic, species observations are accumulating at a high rate in biodiversity databases. Occupancy models have arisen as the main tool to reduce effects of limited knowledge about effort in analyses of opportunistic data....

["Computational Biology","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2612v1
107 downloads
632 views

In face of a dramatic decline of wild bee species in many rural landscapes, potential conservation functions of urban areas gain importance. Yet effects of urbanization on pollinators, and in particular on wild bees, remain ambiguous and not comprehensively understood....

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2729
76 downloads
335 views

Declining water quality is one of the main reasons of coral reef degradation in the Thousand Islands off the megacity Jakarta, Indonesia. Shifts in benthic community composition to higher soft coral abundances have been reported for many degraded reefs throughout...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2625

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