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ecology
5 downloads
11 views

The natural sciences, such as ecology and earth science, study complex interactions between biotic and abiotic systems in order to infer understanding and make predictions. Machine-learning-based methods have an advantage over traditional statistical methods in...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1720v1
6 downloads
33 views

Microsatellite markers remain an important tool for ecological and evolutionary research, but are unavailable for many non-model organisms. One such organism with rare ecological and evolutionary features is the epizoic barnacle Chelonibia testudinaria (Linnaeus,...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1715v1
32 downloads
245 views

Globally, mature forests appear to be increasing in biomass density (BD). There is disagreement whether these increases are the result of increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations or a legacy effect of previous land-use. Recently, it was suggested that a threshold...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1595
7 downloads
30 views

Background. The shells of molluscs survive well in most sedimentary contexts and yield information about the diet of prehistoric humans. They also yield evidence of symbolic behaviours, through their use as beads for body adornments. Researchers often analyse the...

["Anthropology","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1710v1
14 downloads
61 views

Philodendron is the second most diverse genus of the Araceae, a tropical monocot family with significant morphological diversity along its wide geographic distribution in the Neotropics. Although evolutionary studies of Philodendron were conducted in recent years,...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1708v1
9 downloads
42 views

Sex-role reversal, in which males care for offspring, can occur when mate competition is stronger between females than males. Secondary sex traits and mate attracting displays in sex-role-reversed species are usually more pronounced in females than in males. The...

["Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1704v1
61 downloads
372 views

The Tennessee River Basin is considered one of the most important regions for freshwater biodiversity anywhere on the globe. The Tennessee River Basin currently includes populations of at least half of the described contemporary diversity of extant North American...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biogeography","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1648
54 downloads
244 views

Rising temperatures and ocean acidification driven by anthropogenic carbon emissions threaten both tropical and temperate corals. However, the synergistic effect of these stressors on coral physiology is still poorly understood, in particular for cold-water corals....

["Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1606
309 downloads
3,258 views

An ever expanding body of research investigates the human microbiome in general and the skin microbiome in particular. Microbiomes vary greatly from individual to individual. Understanding the factors that account for this variation, however, has proven challenging,...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1605
7 downloads
35 views

Invasive plants escape from some natural enemies as predictions of Enemy Release Hypothesis (ERH). However, in fact they still have to face the pressure of generalist herbivores in introduced ranges resulting in the maintenance or enhancing of resistance ability...

["Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1696v1
33 downloads
99 views

Cluster analysis is one of the most commonly used methods in palaeoecological studies, particularly in studies investigating biogeographic patterns. Although a number of different clustering methods are widely used, the approach and underlying assumptions of many...

["Biogeography","Computational Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1693v1
69 downloads
301 views

Most adult reef fish show site fidelity thus dispersal is limited to the mobile larval stage of the fish, and effective management of such species requires an understanding of the patterns of larval dispersal. In this study, we assess larval reef fish distributions...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1636
65 downloads
359 views

Estimating and comparing microbial diversity are statistically challenging due to limited sampling and possible sequencing errors for low-frequency counts, producing spurious singletons. The inflated singleton count seriously affects statistical analysis and inferences...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Microbiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1634
48 downloads
213 views

The rapidly changing climate makes humans realize that there is a critical need to incorporate climate change adaptation into conservation planning. Whether the wintering habitats of Great Bustards (Otis tarda dybowskii), a globally endangered migratory subspecies...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1630
45 downloads
178 views

Due to both deliberate and accidental introductions, invasive African Clawed Frog (Xenopus laevis) populations have become established worldwide. In this study, we investigate the geographic origins of invasive X. laevis populations in France and Portugal using...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Genetics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1659

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