Interactions between plants and their pollinators vary in time and space at different scales. A neglected aspect of small-scale variation of plant-pollinator interactions is the role of vertical position of flowers. We conducted a series of experiments to study...

["Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3471v1
211 downloads
1,304 views

Long-term time series are necessary to better understand population dynamics, assess species' conservation status, and make management decisions. However, population data are often expensive, requiring a lot of time and resources. When is a population time series...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3168v3
13 downloads
52 views

Most cropland in the U.S. is characterized by large monocultures, whose productivity is maintained through a strong reliance on costly tillage, external fertilizers, and pesticides ( Schipanski et al., 2016 ) . Despite this, farmers have developed a regenerative...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3464v1
79 downloads
1,628 views

Coral reefs are commonly associated with oligotrophic, well-illuminated waters. In 2013, a healthy coral reef was discovered in one of the least expected places within the Colombian Caribbean: at the entrance of Cartagena Bay, a highly-polluted system that receives...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4119
31 downloads
223 views

Species distribution models (SDMs) have become important and essential tools in conservation and management. However, SDMs built with count data, referred to as species abundance models (SAMs), are still less commonly used to date, but increasingly receiving attention....

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4160
51 downloads
1,406 views

Background Pesticidal RNAs that silence critical gene function have great potential in pest management, but the benefits of this technology must be weighed against non-target organism risks. Methods Published studies that developed pesticidal double stranded RNAs...

["Biotechnology","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4131
35 downloads
512 views

Background Avian influenza virus (AIV) infections occur naturally in wild bird populations and can cross the wildlife-domestic animal interface, often with devastating impacts on commercial poultry. Migratory waterfowl and shorebirds are natural AIV reservoirs...

["Ecology","Veterinary Medicine","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4060
43 downloads
249 views

Ocean warming is a major threat to coral reefs, leading to an increasing frequency and amplitude of coral bleaching events, where the coral and its algal symbiont associations breakdown. Long-term change and resilience of a symbiont community in coral juveniles...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4055
47 downloads
250 views

Artificial night light has the potential to significantly alter visually-dependent species interactions. However, examples of disruptions of species interactions through changes in light remain rare and how artificial night light may alter predator–prey relationships...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4070
62 downloads
283 views

Accurate taxonomic resolution in light microscopy analyses of microalgae is essential to achieve high quality, comparable results in both floristic analyses and biomonitoring studies. A number of closely related diatom taxa have been detected to date co-occurring...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4159
103 downloads
395 views

Hackerott et al. (2017) report that Indo-Pacific lionfish “had no apparent effect on native prey communities” (p. 9) on continuous reef-sites of the Belizean Barrier Reef (BBR). Based on a lack of observational evidence, they challenge existing evidence for the...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3455v1
27 downloads
185 views

Schizothorax wangchiachii is a key fish species in the stock enhancement program of the Yalong River hydropower project, China. Alizarin red S (ARS) was used to mark large numbers of juvenile S. wangchiachii in the Jinping Hatchery and later used to evaluate stock...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4142
37 downloads
185 views

Introduction Aquatic oligochaetes represent valuable indicators of the quality of sediments of watercourses and lakes, but their difficult identification based on morphological criteria compromises their more common use for eco-diagnostic analyses. This issue could...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Genetics","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4122
201 downloads
1,950 views

Our knowledge about the body morphology of many extinct early vertebrates is very limited, especially in regard to their post-thoracic region. The prompt disarticulation of the dermo-skeletal elements due to taphonomic processes and the lack of a well-ossified...

["Ecology","Paleontology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4081
43 downloads
132 views

Background. Passerine birds exploit different kinds of feeding habits and they have to face seasonal changes in food availability. Therefore, the composition of the principal nutrient in their food differs from the usual. In consequence the digestive function –...

["Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3443v2

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