58 downloads
248 views

Microbes often live in dense, dynamic, multi-species communities whose architecture and function are intimately intertwined. Imaging these complex, three-dimensional ensembles presents considerable technical challenges, however. In this review, I describe light...

["Biophysics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3135v1
101 downloads
826 views

Background The ostrich is a cursorial bird with extraordinary speed and endurance, especially in the desert, and thus is an ideal large-scale animal model for mechanic study of locomotion on granular substrate. Methods The plantar pressure distributions of ostriches...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Biophysics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3613
66 downloads
379 views

Background The growth and development of plants is deleteriously affected by various biotic and abiotic stress factors. Wounding in plants is caused by exposure to environmental stress, mechanical stress, and via herbivory. Typically, oxidative burst in response...

["Agricultural Science","Biophysics","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3050
11 downloads
108 views

The osmotic pressure of chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans (CS-GAGs) in a simulated physiological environment of articular cartilage is thoroughly examined in silico using full atomistic models. The effects of chemical and physical properties were investigated...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Computational Biology","Anatomy and Physiology","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3063v1
122 downloads
1,182 views

Human impacts are causing ecosystem phase shifts from coral- to algal-dominated reef systems on a global scale. As these ecosystems undergo transition, there is an increased incidence of coral-macroalgal interactions. Mounting evidence indicates that the outcome...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Biophysics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3423
1,055 downloads
1,968 views

Zeta potential, defined as the electric charge at the shear plane, is widely used as a proxy parameter for bacterial cell surface charge. Nonspecific adsorption of ions or polyelectrolytes onto the cell surface, however, alters the value and polarity of the measured...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.110v6
124 downloads
688 views

A complete understanding of the feeding structures is fundamental in order to study how animals survive. Some birds use long and protrusible tongues as the main tool to collect their central caloric source (e.g., woodpeckers and nectarivores). Hummingbirds are...

["Biophysics","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3449
63 downloads
367 views

Long bone curvature in animal limbs has long been a subject of interest and much work has explored why long bones should be curved. However, the ‘when’ and ‘how’ of curvature development is poorly understood. It has been shown that the rat tibia fails to attain...

["Biophysics","Developmental Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3386
26 downloads
218 views

A complete understanding of the feeding structures is fundamental in order to study how animals survive. Some birds use long and protrusible tongues as the main tool to collect their central caloric source (e.g. woodpeckers and nectarivores). Hummingbirds are the...

["Biophysics","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2986v1
63 downloads
369 views

Background Freezing is commonly used for food preservation. It is usually done under constant atmospheric pressure (isobaric). While extending the life of the produce, isobaric freezing has detrimental effects. It causes loss of food weight and changes in food...

["Agricultural Science","Biophysics","Cell Biology","Food Science and Technology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3322
222 downloads
499 views

In this review, we present a summary of how computer modeling has been used in the development of covalent modifier drugs. Covalent modifier drugs bind by forming a chemical bond with their target. This covalent binding can improve the selectivity of the drug for...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Biophysics","Pharmacology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2857v2
132 downloads
405 views

Background Cell membrane permeabilization by pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) is a novel contactless method which results in effects similar to conventional electroporation. The non-invasiveness of the methodology, independence from the biological object homogeneity...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics","Biotechnology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3267
1 citation
138 downloads
668 views

It has recently been proposed that the caudal curvature (concave caudal side) observed in the radioulna of terrestrial quadrupeds is an adaptation to the habitual action of the triceps muscle which causes cranial bending strains (compression on cranial side). The...

["Animal Behavior","Biophysics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3229
70 downloads
304 views

Background Electrolytic ablation and electroporation based ablation are minimally invasive, non-thermal surgical technologies that employ electrical currents and electric fields to ablate undesirable cells in a volume of tissue. In this study, we explore the attributes...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Oncology","Pathology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3190
127 downloads
520 views

Alzheimer’s disease is a multifactorial disorder caused by the interaction of genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. The formation of cytotoxic oligomers consisting of Aβ peptide is widely accepted as being one of the main key events triggering the development...

["Biophysics","Biotechnology","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3086

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