33 downloads
198 views

Drug repositioning (i.e., drug repurposing) is the process of discovering new uses for marketed drugs. Historically, such discoveries were serendipitous. However, the rapid growth in electronic clinical data and text mining tools makes it feasible to systematically...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Drugs and Devices","Oncology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3154
653 downloads
2,060 views

A central challenge in the present era of biodiversity loss is to assess and manage human impacts on freshwater ecosystems. Macroinvertebrates are an important group for bioassessment as many taxa show specific responses to environmental conditions. However, generating...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2044v5
126 downloads
1,009 views

As the generation and use of genomic datasets is becoming increasingly common in all areas of biology, the need for resources to collate, analyse and present data from one or more genome projects is becoming more pressing. The Ensembl platform is a powerful tool...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2401v2
7 downloads
140 views

Pedigrees, though straightforward and versatile, lack the ability to tell us information about many individuals. Though numerical systems have been developed, there has yet to be a system that tells us the probabilities of a pedigree following certain inheritance...

["Bioinformatics","Genetics","Mathematical Biology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2871v3
28 downloads
172 views

Taxonomic markers such as the 16S ribosomal RNA gene are widely used in microbial community analysis. A common first step in marker-gene analysis is grouping genes into clusters to reduce data sets to a more manageable size and potentially mitigate the effects...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2879v1
35 downloads
74 views

Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygense (RuBisCO) is present in plants and autotrophic organisms like microalgae. The aim of this study was to perform an in silico evaluation of RuBisCo protein in microalgae and cyanobacteria as potential precursors of bioactive...

["Bioinformatics","Biotechnology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2875v1
45 downloads
352 views

Background Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic auto-inflammatory disorder of joints. The present study aimed to identify the key genes in RA for better understanding the underlying mechanisms of RA. Methods The integrated analysis of expression profiling was...

["Bioinformatics","Orthopedics","Rheumatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3078
66 downloads
402 views

Background Liver hepatocellular carcinoma accounts for the overwhelming majority of primary liver cancers and its belated diagnosis and poor prognosis call for novel biomarkers to be discovered, which, in the era of big data, innovative bioinformatics and computational...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Oncology","Pathology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3089
73 downloads
397 views

Hydrolysis of ATP by Na+/K+-ATPase, a P-Type ATPase, catalyzing active Na+ and K+ transport through cellular membranes leads transiently to a phosphorylation of its catalytical α-subunit. Surprisingly, three-dimensional molecular structure analysis of P-type ATPases...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Biophysics","Computational Biology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3087
22 downloads
205 views

Background Electronic Health Record (EHR)-based sepsis alert systems have failed to demonstrate improvements in clinically meaningful endpoints. However, the effect of implementation barriers on the success of new sepsis alert systems is rarely explored. Objective...

["Bioinformatics","Emergency and Critical Care","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3083
136 downloads
782 views

Background Ancient protein sequences are increasingly used to elucidate the phylogenetic relationships between extinct and extant mammalian taxa. Here, we apply these recent developments to Middle Pleistocene bone specimens of the rhinoceros genus Stephanorhinus....

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Molecular Biology","Paleontology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3033
20 downloads
124 views

A measure of statistical evidence should permit the sample size determination so that the probability M of obtaining (strong) misleading evidence can be held as low as desired. On this desideratum the p-value fails completely, as it leads either to an arbitrary...

["Bioinformatics","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2869v1
21 downloads
102 views

Membrane proteins are the most medicinally important yet to be fully exploited pharmaceutical targets. Here druggability analyses are conducted on three different membrane proteins, namely, the human P2Y12 receptor, glycoprotein-41 that mediates the HIV-1 virus...

["Biochemistry","Bioinformatics","Biophysics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2868v1
44 downloads
146 views

Incorrect snake identification from the observable visual traits is a major reason of death resulting from snake bites. So far no automatic classification method has been proposed to distinguish snakes by deciphering the taxonomy features of snake for the two major...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2867v1
36 downloads
116 views

Emerging viruses cause a lot of fatalities as they jump to humans from other species. Here we develop a novel technique to computationally estimate an important parameter of within-host viral infection: the lifespan of infected cells. Our approach is general and...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2621v2

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