45 downloads
361 views

Background Court shoe designs predominantly focus on reducing excessive vertical ground reaction force, but shear force cushioning has received little attention in the basketball population. We aimed to examine the effect of a novel shoe-cushioning design on both...

["Bioengineering","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4086
35 downloads
77 views

Trace contaminant removal is of contemporary concern in drinking water and wastewater treatment, given increasing evidence of potential toxicity of various heavy metals and metalloids in water at parts per billion (ppb) concentration levels. Currently, only high...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Aquatic and Marine Chemistry","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3423v1
72 downloads
804 views

In this paper, we have presented a microwave scattering analysis from multiple human head models. This study incorporates different levels of detail in the human head models and its effect on microwave scattering phenomenon. Two levels of detail are taken into...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4061
75 downloads
535 views

Zebrafish is emerging as a species of choice for the study of a number of biomechanics problems, including balance development, schooling, and neuromuscular transmission. The precise quantification of the flow physics around swimming zebrafish is critical toward...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Bioengineering","Biophysics","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4041
59 downloads
277 views

Peripheral nerves are extremely complex biological structures. The knowledge of their response to stretch is crucial to better understand physiological and pathological states (e.g., due to overstretch). Since their mechanical response is deterministically related...

["Bioengineering","Computational Biology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4005
62 downloads
261 views

Bone marrow stimulation may be applied to regenerate focal cartilage defects, but generally results in transient clinical improvement and formation of fibrocartilage rather than hyaline cartilage. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strive to develop new...

["Bioengineering","Evidence Based Medicine","Orthopedics","Rheumatology","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3927
27 downloads
147 views

Introduction: Tissue engineering is being redesigned through promising studies that present great potential to create biomaterials capable of forming functional tissues. The cellular expansion and integration depends very much on the quality and adequacy of the...

["Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Cell Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3329v1
203 downloads
913 views

Segmentation of histopathology sections is a necessary preprocessing step for digital pathology. Due to the large variability of biological tissue, machine learning techniques have shown superior performance over conventional image processing methods. Here we present...

["Bioengineering","Oncology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Histology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3874
73 downloads
822 views

Background Locomotion results from the generation of ground reaction forces (GRF) that cause translations of the center of mass (COM) and generate moments that rotate the body around the COM. The trot is a diagonally-synchronized gait performed by horses at intermediate...

["Animal Behavior","Bioengineering","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3866
133 downloads
382 views

Sargassum sp., a marine brown macroalgae, is an efficient sorbent for various heavy metals at high concentrations. However, the efficiency at which seaweed removes heavy metals from dilute solutions and the effect of ammonium on metal removal is not well understood;...

["Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1228v2
25 downloads
87 views

Scale transcends multiple levels of biological and physical organization, and is the critical factor that determines success of any scientific investigation. Specifically, the scale at which a question is posed plays a crucial role in influencing the type of experiments...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biophysics","Biotechnology","Cell Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3261v1
15 downloads
88 views

Microfluidic cell culture chambers have enabled the isolation, culture and growth of various species of microorganisms and human cells. However, based on elastomers such as poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS), these culture devices are not readily amenable to imaging...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3245v1
134 downloads
806 views

The mammalian jaw is often modelled as a third-class lever for the purposes of biomechanical analyses, owing to the position of the resultant muscle force between the jaw joint and the teeth. However, it has been proposed that in some rodents the jaws operate as...

["Bioengineering","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3741
1,220 downloads
2,328 views

Zeta potential, defined as the electric charge at the shear plane, is widely used as a proxy parameter for bacterial cell surface charge. Nonspecific adsorption of ions or polyelectrolytes onto the cell surface, however, alters the value and polarity of the measured...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.110v7
303 downloads
774 views

Microbes for environmental research should be cultured in growth media with characteristics (e.g., pH, ionic strength, and ionic composition) as close to their original habitat as possible. Additionally, the medium should also enable high cell density to be obtained,...

["Biochemistry","Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1406v6

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