Liolaemus fabiani is a lizard that lives in the Salar de Atacama, located in the center of the Atacama Desert, northern Chile, one of the driest places on the planet. Likely due to the extreme environmental conditions of their habitat, L. fabiani has colonized...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2891v1
80 downloads
362 views

Background The present-day amphibian and reptile fauna of Western Siberia are the least diverse of the Palaearctic Realm, as a consequence of the unfavourable climatic conditions that predominate in this region. The origin and emergence of these herpetofaunal groups...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3025
135 downloads
735 views

1) DNA metabarcoding holds great promise for the assessment of macroinvertebrates in stream ecosystems. However, few large-scale studies have compared the performance of DNA metabarcoding with that of routine morphological identification. 2) We performed metabarcoding...

["Biodiversity","Environmental Sciences","Molecular Biology","Zoology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2759v3
656 downloads
2,071 views

A central challenge in the present era of biodiversity loss is to assess and manage human impacts on freshwater ecosystems. Macroinvertebrates are an important group for bioassessment as many taxa show specific responses to environmental conditions. However, generating...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2044v5
301 downloads
905 views

The dynamics of ecological communities have been described by neutral and niche theories that are now increasingly integrated into unified models. It is known that a critical transition exists between these two states, but the spatial aspect of this transition...

["Biodiversity","Computational Biology","Ecology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.1589v4
2 downloads
60 views

The study of the past, present, and future state and dynamics of the tropical natural forest cover (NFC) might help to better understand the pattern of deforestation and fragmentation as well as the influence of social and natural processes. The obtained information...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2884v1
15 downloads
91 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize many problems with the planning process. Common criticisms are that too many species lack recovery plans, plans...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v1
50 downloads
379 views

Invasive allergenic plant species may have severe health-related impacts. In this study we aim to predict the effects of climate change on the distribution of three allergenic ragweed species (Ambrosia spp.) in Europe and discuss the potential associated health...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3104
45 downloads
259 views

Urbanization is an increasingly pervasive form of land transformation that reduces biodiversity of many taxonomic groups. Beetles exhibit a broad range of responses to urbanization, likely due to the high functional diversity in this order. Carrion beetles (Order:...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3088
32 downloads
183 views

Background Biological invasions have become a major threat to biodiversity, and identifying determinants underlying success at different stages of the invasion process is essential for both prevention management and testing ecological theories. To investigate variables...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3092
43 downloads
311 views

Background Yeasts are a necessary requisite in the diet of most Drosophila species that, in turn, may vector their dispersal in natural environments. Differential attractiveness experiments and the isolation of yeasts consumed by Drosophila may be informative for...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Microbiology","Mycology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3063
55 downloads
497 views

The illegal trade in elephant ivory is driving the unlawful killing of elephants such that populations are now suffering unsustainable reductions. The internet is increasingly being used as a platform to conduct illegal wildlife trade, including elephant ivory....

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3048
449 downloads
9,829 views

The True’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus, True 1913) is a poorly known member of the Ziphiidae family. Its distribution in the northern hemisphere is thought to be restricted to the temperate or warm temperate waters of the North Atlantic, while a few stranding...

["Biodiversity","Genetics","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3059
149 downloads
1,476 views

Urbanization is one of the major anthropogenic processes contributing to local habitat loss and extirpation of numerous species, including wild bees, the most widespread pollinators. Little is known about the mechanisms through which urbanization impacts wild bee...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Entomology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3051
84 downloads
260 views

Background Sponges are particularly prone to hiding cryptic species as their paradigmatic plasticity often favors species phenotypic convergence as a result of adaptation to similar habitat conditions. Hemimycale is a sponge genus (Family Hymedesmiidae, Order Poecilosclerida)...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2958

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