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When net deforestation declines in the tropics, attention will be drawn to the composition and structure of the retained, restored, invaded, and created forests. At that point the seemingly inexorable trends towards increased intensities of exploitation and management...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Environmental Sciences"]

Aerobic activity levels increase with body temperature across vertebrates. Differences in these levels, from highly active to sedentary, are reflected in their ecology and behavior. Yet, the changes in the cardiovascular system that allow for greater oxygen supply...


Biodiversity hotspots have been used extensively in setting conservation priorities for reef ecosystems. A recent Nature publication claims to have uncovered new hotspots based on global comparisons of functional diversity. Simulation models show that the purported...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Marine Biology"]

Camera traps are commonly used for mammal surveys and many recent studies have published variable trap success rates. All published reports have focused survey efforts in protected areas or large contiguous forests, but we used camera traps in a highly altered...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]

Specialist herbivores are often thought to benefit the larger plant community, because they prevent their host species from becoming competitively dominant. In contrast, specialist enemies are not generally expected to have negative impacts on non-hosts. However,...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Entomology","Plant Science"]

Contagious parthenogenesis – a process involving rare functional males produced by a parthenogenetic lineage, which mate with coexisting sexual females resulting in fertile parthenogenetic offspring – is one of the most striking mechanisms responsible for the generation...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Zoology"]

Loss of large mammalian carnivores may allow smaller mesopredators to become abundant and threaten other community members. There is considerable debate about mesopredator release and the role that other potential factors such as landscape variables and human alterations...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]

Gereau et al. (2013) criticized our recent analysis on the phylogenetic patterns of extinction risk in the Eastern Arc biodiversity hotspot (Yessoufou et al. 2012). However, Gereau and colleagues based their critique on preconceptions and speculation rather than...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies"]

Vegetation trampling resulting from recreation can adversely impact natural habitats, leading to the loss of vegetation and the degradation of plant communities. A considerable primary literature exists on this topic, therefore it is important to assess whether...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Plant Science"]

Background. Up to 75% of crop species benefit at least to some degree from animal pollination for fruit or seed set and yield. However, basic information on the level of pollinator dependence and pollinator contribution to yield is lacking for many crops. Even...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]

The abundance and species richness of the cartilaginous fish community of the continental shelf and slope off central Chile is described, based on fishery-independent trawl tows made in 2006 and 2007. A total of 194,705 specimens comprising 20 species (9 sharks,...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Marine Biology"]

More diverse communities are thought to be more stable—the diversity–stability hypothesis—due to increased resistance to and recovery from disturbances. For example, high diversity can make the presence of resilient or fast growing species and key facilitations...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology"]

Urban exploiters and adapters are often coalesced under a term of convenience as ‘urban tolerant’. This useful but simplistic characterisation masks a more nuanced interplay between and within assemblages of birds that are more or less well adapted to a range of...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]

The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function has received a great deal of attention in ecological research and recent results, from re-analyses, suggest that ecosystem function improves with increases in phylogenetic diversity. However, many of...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Plant Science"]

Individuals in acoustic communities compete for the use of the sound resource for communication, a problem that can be studied as niche competition. The acoustic niche hypothesis presents a way to study the partitioning of the resource, but the studies have to...

["Animal Behavior","Biodiversity","Ecology"]

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