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Total of 155 results See all subject areas
agricultural science

Students embarking on a bioscience degree course, such as Animal Science, often do not have sufficient experience in mathematics. However, mathematics form an essential and integral part of any bioscience degree and are essential to enhance employability. This...

["Agricultural Science","Zoology","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.355v1

In broiler chickens, genetic success for desired production traits is often shadowed by welfare concerns related to musculoskeletal health. Whilst these concerns are clear, a viable solution is still elusive. Part of the solution lies in knowing how anatomical...

["Agricultural Science","Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.343v1

Genetic selection for improved meat yields, digestive efficiency and growth rates have transformed the biology of broiler chickens. Modern birds undergo a 50-fold multiplication in body mass in just six weeks, from hatching to slaughter weight. However, this selection...

["Agricultural Science","Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.342v1

Background. Up to 75% of crop species benefit at least to some degree from animal pollination for fruit or seed set and yield. However, basic information on the level of pollinator dependence and pollinator contribution to yield is lacking for many crops. Even...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.328

Finding and relocating food sources is not only crucial for individuals in changing natural environments - it is also of importance in domestic animals under husbandry conditions, for instance to reduce stress when transferring animals into new housing conditions....

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.281v1

Aeolian sediment traps are widely used to estimate the total volume of wind-driven sediment transport, but also to study the vertical mass distribution of a saltating sand cloud. The reliability of sediment flux estimations from this data are dependent upon the...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.278v1

Non-indigenous terrestrial flatworms (Platyhelminthes) have been recorded in thirteen European countries. They include Bipalium kewense and Dolichoplana striata that are largely restricted to hothouses and may be regarded as non-invasive species. In addition there...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Environmental Sciences","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.297

Pollinator decline has been linked to landscape change, through both habitat fragmentation and the loss of habitat suitable for the pollinators to live within. One method for exploring why landscape change should affect pollinator populations is to combine individual-level...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecosystem Science","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.269

Only recently has it been formally acknowledged that native species can occasionally reach the status of ‘pest’ or ‘invasive species’ within their own native range. The study of such species has potential to help unravel fundamental aspects of biological invasions....

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.262

Multi-bird water bath stunning is the only method permitted for stunning broilers in halal plants in the UK. The electrocardiogram (ECG) was measured in broilers that were stunned electrically in a commercial water bath using four of the frequency/current parameters...

["Agricultural Science","Food Science and Technology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.255v1

A novel degradation pathway of 2-chloro-4-aminophenol (2C4AP) was studied in an Arthrobacter sp. SPG that utilized 2C4AP as a sole carbon and energy source. The 2C4AP degradation was initiated by a 2C4AP-deaminase that catalyzed the conversion of 2C4AP into chlorohydroquinone...

["Agricultural Science","Biochemistry","Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.194v1

Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) play an important role in detecting invading pathogens and mounting a robust defense response to restrict infection. In rice, one of the best characterized PRRs is XA21, a leucine rich repeat receptor-like kinase that confers...

["Agricultural Science","Genetics","Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.242

Background. Up to 75 % of crop species benefit at least to some degree from animal pollination for fruit or seed set and yield. However, basic information on the level of pollinator dependence and pollinator contribution to yield is lacking for many crops. Even...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.184v1

Agricultural intensification is implicated as a major driver of global biodiversity loss. Local management and landscape scale factors both influence biodiversity in agricultural systems, but there are relatively few studies to date looking at how local and landscape...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.151v1

Plant weeds, pests and diseases comprise significant threats to pastoral agriculture in New Zealand. The extent of damage incurred by New Zealand’s agricultural industry from these weed and pest threats varies significantly depending on the response implemented,...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.140v1

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