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Total of 51 results See all subject areas
pediatrics

Background. Many families find regular checking of children’s heads for head louse infestation too onerous and would prefer to be able to prevent infestation by use of a topical application that deters lice from infesting the head. Identification in the laboratory...

["Entomology","Parasitology","Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.351

Background. Pacifier use decreases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). An emergency department (ED) visit may provide an opportunistic ‘teachable moment’ for parents.Objectives. To test the hypotheses (1) that caregivers were less familiar with the...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Nursing","Pediatrics","Public Health","Respiratory Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.309

In low- and middle-income countries, the attrition across the continuum of care of HIV infected children is not well known. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors of mortality and loss to follow up (LTFU) in HIV infected children from a cohort study...

["HIV","Infectious Diseases","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.304

Schooling is known to influence a wide range of economic, social and psychological aspects of people’s life, but children with medical needs are subject to school failure more often than their healthy peers. The aim of this paper is to review different school options...

["Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.268v2

Pendred syndrome (PDS) and DFNB4 comprise a phenotypic spectrum of sensorineural hearing loss disorders that typically result from biallelic mutations of the SLC26A4 gene. Although PDS and DFNB4 are recessively inherited, sequencing of the coding regions and splice...

["Genetics","Medical Genetics","Otorhinolaryngology","Pathology","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.275v1

Background. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (HB) may cause severe neurological damage, but serious consequences are effectively controlled by phototherapy and blood exchange transfusion. HB is still a serious health problem in economically compromised parts of the...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.294

Background: Many families find regular checking of children’s heads for head louse infestation too onerous and would prefer to be able to prevent infestation by use of a topical application that deters lice from infesting the head. Identification in the laboratory...

["Entomology","Dermatology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.214v1

Using data from the third round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS, 2005-06), the present study examined the effect of quality of housing on the risk of anthropometric failure and child health status among migrant and non-migrant children in urban India. It...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Health Policy","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.202v1

Background. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (HB) may cause severe neurological damage, but serious consequences are effectively controlled by phototherapy and blood exchange transfusion. HB is still a serious health problem in economically compromised parts of the...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.183v1

Background: Pacifier use decreases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). An emergency department (ED) visit may provide an opportunistic ‘teachable moment’ for parents. Objectives: To test the hypotheses (1) that caregivers were less familiar with the...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.167v1

In the last years the need for a non-invasive diagnostic tool that would help to discriminate between organic and functional gastrointestinal disorders directed research towards potential immunological markers. A great number of non-invasive bio-markers has been...

["Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.65v1

Infantile colic is a common disturbance occurring in the first three months of life. It is a benign condition and one of the main causes of pediatric consultation in the early part of life because of its great impact on family life. Some pediatricians are prone...

["Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Nursing","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.64v1

Aim. To provide bone status assessment in infancy using quantitative ultrasound (QUS) applied to second metacarpus.Methods. 103 healthy term infants and 3 patients with rickets, aged ≤ 12 months, underwent metacarpal QUS evaluation using QUS DBM Sonic Aurora IGEA...

["Biophysics","Diabetes and Endocrinology","Metabolic Sciences","Nutrition","Pediatrics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.141

Introduction. Adolescent interpersonal violence is a global public health problem, yet gaps remain in the epidemiologic literature on adolescent violence in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Prevalence rates and risk and protective factors reported in high-income...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.125

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