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Total of 281 results See all subject areas
environmental sciences

Comparing risks among pesticides has substantial utility for decision makers. However, if rating schemes to compare risks are to be used, they must be conceptually and mathematically sound. We address limitations with pesticide risk rating schemes by examining...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.364

The role of soil organic carbon (SOC) in maintaining soil conditions and its resulting services is well established. Currently, over 1,000 articles per year are being published in peer-reviewed journals, and increasing at about 10% per year. It was not until the...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Soil Science","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.366v1

When net deforestation declines in the tropics, attention will be drawn to the composition and structure of the retained, restored, invaded, and created forests. At that point the seemingly inexorable trends towards increased intensities of exploitation and management...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.362v1

With rising environmental concerns on potable water safety and eutrophication, increased media attention and tighter environmental regulations, managing animal waste in an environmentally responsible and economically feasible way can be a challenge. In this study,...

["Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.336

Climate change has led to a decline in the health of corals and coral reefs around the world. Studies have shown that, while some corals can cope with natural and anthropogenic stressors either through resistance mechanisms of coral hosts or through sustainable...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.327

Ciprofloxacin and sulfamethoxazole are two antibiotics commonly detected in the aquatic environment, but information on their toxicity towards natural microbial communities is largely absent. In particular no data are available for marine microorganisms. Aim of...

["Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.330v1

Motivation: In environmental risk assessment, information about potential health risks of chemicals released into the environment is compiled and distilled for use in informing public policy. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) produces Integrated Science...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Computational Science","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.300v1

In oceanic subtropical gyres, primary producers are numerically dominated by small (1–5 µm diameter) pro- and eukaryotic cells that primarily utilize recycled nutrients produced by rapid grazing turnover in a highly efficient microbial loop. Continuous losses of...

["Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.302

Coral reefs are being critically impacted by anthropogenic processes throughout the world. Long term monitoring is essential to the understanding of coral reef response to human impacts and the effectiveness of corrective management efforts. Here we reevaluated...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.300

Aeolian sediment traps are widely used to estimate the total volume of wind-driven sediment transport, but also to study the vertical mass distribution of a saltating sand cloud. The reliability of sediment flux estimations from this data are dependent upon the...

["Agricultural Science","Environmental Sciences","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.278v1

Red spruce (Picea rubens) populations experienced a synchronous rangewide decline in growth and vigor starting in the 1960s, likely caused by climate change and a combination of environmental disturbances. However, it is not yet known if populations continue to...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.293

Following a radiation incident, preliminary dose estimates made by γ-H2AX foci analysis can supplement the early triage of casualties based on clinical symptoms. Sample processing time is important when many individuals need to be rapidly assessed. A protocol was...

["Cell Biology","Environmental Sciences","Toxicology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.282

Artificial light is gaining attention as a potential stressor to aquatic ecosystems. Artificial lights located near streams increase light levels experienced by stream invertebrates and we hypothesized light would depress night drift rates. We also hypothesized...

["Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.279

With rising environmental concerns on potable watersafety and eutrophication, increased media attention and tighter environmental regulations, managing animal wastes in an environmentally responsible and economically feasible way can be a challenge. In this study,...

["Biotechnology","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.271v1

Non-indigenous terrestrial flatworms (Platyhelminthes) have been recorded in thirteen European countries. They include Bipalium kewense and Dolichoplana striata that are largely restricted to hothouses and may be regarded as non-invasive species. In addition there...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Environmental Sciences","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.297

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