Background The institutional affiliations and associated collaborative networks that scientists foster during their research careers are salient in the production of high-quality science. The phenomenon of multiple institutional affiliations and its relationship...

["Science and Medical Education","Science Policy","Data Mining and Machine Learning","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5664

Eucalyptus is harvested for wood and fiber production in many tropical and sub-tropical habitats globally. Plantation has been controversial because of its influence on the surrounding environment, however, the influence of massive Eucalyptus planting on soil microbial...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5648

Microbiota-driven variations in the inflammatory response are predicted to regulate host responses to infection. Increasing evidence indicates that the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts have an intimate relationship with each other. Gut microbiota can influence...

["Biodiversity","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5637

Mechanisms generating and maintaining biodiversity at regional scales may be evaluated by quantifying β-diversity along environmental gradients. Differences in assemblages result in biotic complementarities and redundancies among sites, which may be quantified...

["Biodiversity","Ecology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5628

Correct identification and classification of sponges is challenging due to ambiguous or misleading morphological features. A particular case is a blue keratose sponge occasionally referred to as the “Blue Photo Sponge” among aquarists, which appears frequently...

["Marine Biology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5586

Background Polyploid specimens are usually characterized by greater exuberance: they reach larger sizes and/or have a larger number of some organs. Festuca amethystina L. belongs to the section Aulaxyper. Based on morphological features, four subspecies of F. amethystina...

["Conservation Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5576
485 downloads
2,098 views

Bears Ears National Monument (BENM) is a new, landscape-scale national monument jointly administered by the Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service in southeastern Utah as part of the National Conservation Lands system. As initially designated, BENM encompasses...

["Paleontology","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3442v2
39 downloads
111 views

Seasonality is an important feature of essentially all natural systems but the consequences of seasonality have been vastly underappreciated. Early work emphasized the role of seasonality in driving cyclic population dynamics, but the consequences of seasonality...

["Ecology","Mathematical Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27235v1
6 downloads
10 views

This paper describes a method that uses georeferenced landscape pictures extracted from open picture collections for the determination of the population's interest in spatial features. The automated method takes into account the coordinates of the camera position...

["Human-Computer Interaction","Computer Vision","Visual Analytics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27234v1
16 downloads
38 views

Background: Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) is a highly nutritious, tannin-containing, and tetraploid forage legume. Due to the lack of detailed transcriptomic and genomic information on this species, genetic and breeding projects for sainfoin improvement have...

["Agricultural Science","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27232v1
41 downloads
142 views

Life is essentially an organised network of chemical reactions (metabolic pathways) that can create copies of itself given a source of energy. How was this complex reaction network formed from the simple molecules that were present on the early Earth? I will answer...

["Biochemistry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27233v1
23 downloads
184 views

Genetic studies of the Eurasian brown bear (Ursus arctos) have so far focused on populations from Europe and North America, although the largest distribution area of brown bears is in Asia. In this study, we reveal population genetic parameters for the brown bear...

["Biogeography","Conservation Biology","Genetics","Zoology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5660
17 downloads
185 views

The microsporidian Nosema bombycis is an obligate intracellular parasite of Bombyx mori, that lost its intact tricarboxylic acid cycle and mitochondria during evolution but retained its intact glycolysis pathway. N. bombycis hexokinase (NbHK) is not only a rate-limiting...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5658
37 downloads
956 views

We comment on Eichstaedt et al.’s (2015a) claim to have shown that language patterns among Twitter users, aggregated at the level of US counties, predicted county-level mortality rates from atherosclerotic heart disease (AHD), with “negative” language being associated...

["Epidemiology","Health Policy","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5656
19 downloads
87 views

Tetraena mongolica Maxim (Zygophyllaceae) is an endangered species endemic to western Inner Mongolia and China, and is currently threatened by habitat loss and human over-exploitation. We explored the genetic background, its genetic diversity, population structure,...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Population Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5645

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