Background. The sustainable methods of propagation for Typha domingensis through somatic embryogenesis can help to mitigate its current condition of ecological marginalisation and overexploitation. Then, the hypothesis established that the variation of the concentration...

["Biotechnology","Developmental Biology","Plant Science","Histology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26459v1

Background. Bamboos are typical plants in tropical forests acting as resource for different animals and influencing forest structure and dynamics, but our knowledge about their influence on ecosystem functioning remains in its infancy. Nitrogen (N) is an important...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Biogeochemistry","Forestry"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26458v1

Private property makes up a large proportion of urban green space, which differs from public greenspace in ecologically important ways. While including private property in urban landscape research is necessary, ecologists are frequently unprepared to work on private...

["Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26457v1
24 views

Some marine microparasitic pathogens can survive several months outside the host in the water column to make contact with hosts or to be absorbed or filtered by hosts. Once inside, pathogens invade the host if they find suitable conditions for reproduction within...

["Ecology","Marine Biology","Mathematical Biology","Parasitology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26454v2

Background. Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is a major causative agent of liver infection leading to critical liver damage. In response to HCV, the improper regulation of host immune system leads to chronic infection. The host immune system employs multiple cell types,...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26456v1

Background Few studies have assessed the effectiveness of the Protected Area networks on the conservation status of target species. Here, we assess the effectiveness of the Portuguese Natura 2000 (the European Union network of protected areas) in maintaining a...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4284
7 views

Portunoidea is a diverse lineage of ecologically and economically important marine crabs comprising 8 families and 14 subfamilies. Closely related portunid subfamilies Caphyrinae and Thalamitinae constitute some of this group’s greatest morphological and taxonomic...

["Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4260

The Lyonet’s gland is a widespread accessory labial gland in Lepidoptera. Albeit its function is ambiguous, the Lyonet’s gland arguably plays an important role in silk production. Our knowledge on the Lyonet’s gland in heliothine species is limited; it is apparently...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26455v1

For more than 100 years, psychologists have struggled to determine what is learned during serial learning. The method of derived lists is a powerful tool for studying this question. In two experiments, we trained human participants to learn implicit lists by the...

["Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26453v1
530 views

Building the Tree of Life (ToL) is a major challenge of modern biology, requiring major advances in cyberinfrastructure, data collection, theory, and more. Here, we argue that phylogenomics stands to benefit by embracing the many heterogeneous genomic signals emerging...

["Biodiversity","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26449v2

In modern as well as ancient ciphers of public key cryptography, substitution boxes find a permanent seat. Generation and cryptanalysis of 4-bit as well as 8-bit crypto S-boxes is of utmost importance in modern cryptography. In this paper, a detailed review of...

["Computer Networks and Communications","Cryptography"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26452v1

Animals sense an enormous number of cues in their environments, and, over time, can form memories and associations to some of these. The nervous system remarkably maintains the specificity of memory to each of the cues. Here we asked whether the nematode Caenorhabditis...

["Animal Behavior","Genetics","Neuroscience"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26451v1

Here we provide a detailed description of the postcranial skeleton of the holotype and referred specimens of Buitreraptor gonzalezorum. This taxon was recovered as a unenlagiine dromaeosaurid in several recent phylogenetic studies and is the best represented Gondwanan...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy","Histology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26450v1
76 views

The grass Ammophila breviligulata (American beachgrass) is known to host an endophyte of the genus Epichloë. Based on morphological characteristics it was originally identified as Acremonium typhinum var. ammophilae and is currently designated as Epichloë typhina...

["Agricultural Science","Mycology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4300
113 views

Patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) often suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms and many are diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Previous studies, including from our laboratory, have demonstrated that the ME/CFS...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4282

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