Peer-reviewed Articles

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Membership of the group is a balance between the benefits associated with group living and the cost of socially constrained growth and breeding opportunities, but the costs and benefits are seldom examined. The goal of the present study was to explore the trade-offs...

["Animal Behavior","Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2198
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Background. Although the trot is described as a diagonal gait, contacts of the diagonal pairs of hooves are not usually perfectly synchronized. Although subtle, the timing dissociation between contacts of each diagonal pair could have consequences on gait dynamics...

["Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2190
2 downloads
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Birds active in apple orchards in south–eastern Australia can contribute positively (e.g., control crop pests) or negatively (e.g., crop damage) to crop yields. Our study is the first to identify net outcomes of these activities, using six apple orchards, varying...

["Agricultural Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2179
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Background. The age of an insect strongly influences many aspects of behavior and reproduction. The interaction of age and behavior is epitomized in the temporal polyethism of honey bees in which young adult bees perform nurse and maintenance duties within the...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Biochemistry","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2155
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Testosterone has been reported to cause blood pressure to increase. However mechanisms that underlie the effect of this hormone on this physiological parameter are currently not well understood. The aims of this study were to investigate effects of testosterone...

["Molecular Biology","Nephrology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2145
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Passive acoustic monitoring is emerging as a promising non-invasive proxy for ecological complexity with potential as a tool for remote assessment and monitoring (Sueur & Farina, 2015). Rather than attempting to recognise species-specific calls, either manually...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2108
17 downloads
209 views

While there have been enormous advances in our understanding of the genetic drivers and molecular pathways involved in cancer in recent decades, there also remain key areas of dispute with respect to fundamental theories of cancer. The accumulation of vast new...

["Computational Biology","Oncology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2176
9 downloads
97 views

Background. Glufosfamide (GLU) is a glucose conjugate of ifosfamide in which isophosphoramide mustard is glycosidically linked to the β-D-glucose molecule. Based on GLU structure, it is considered a targeted chemotherapy with fewer side effects. The main objective...

["Cell Biology","Oncology","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2168
31 downloads
215 views

The failure of traditional interventions to block and cure HIV infections has led to novel proposals that involve treating infections with therapeutic viruses–infectious viruses that specifically inhibit HIV propagation in the host. Early efforts in evaluating...

["Biotechnology","Mathematical Biology","Microbiology","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2166
32 downloads
255 views

An important trend in the early evolution of mammals was the shift from a sprawling stance, whereby the legs are held in a more abducted position, to a parasagittal one, in which the legs extend more downward. After that transition, many mammals shifted from a...

["Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2131
31 downloads
225 views

The baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) has been widely used to produce a large number of recombinant proteins, and is becoming one of the most powerful, robust, and cost-effective systems for the production of eukaryotic proteins. Nevertheless, as in any...

["Biotechnology","Molecular Biology","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2183
26 downloads
170 views

Background. Little is known about the clinical impact of new root canal preparation systems in general dental practice under routine care conditions. Therefore, we compared hand instrumentation (H) with Reciproc (R) (VDW, Munich, Germany) preparation. The outcomes...

["Dentistry","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2182
46 downloads
388 views

Supertree methods combine a set of phylogenetic trees into a single supertree. Similar to supermatrix methods, these methods provide a way to reconstruct larger parts of the Tree of Life, potentially evading the computational complexity of phylogenetic inference...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2172
26 downloads
259 views

Static properties of leaves with parallel venation, with particular emphasis on the genus EpipactisZinn, 1757 (Orchidaceae, Neottieae) have been modelled with coupled quasi-parallel elastic “beams.” The non-linear theory of strongly bended beams have been employed....

["Agricultural Science","Biophysics","Mathematical Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2165
39 downloads
337 views

Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome, caused by a germline pathogenic variant in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) genes, is characterized by an increased risk for breast, ovarian, pancreatic and other cancers. Identification of those who have a BRCA1/2 mutation...

["Genetics","Genomics","Oncology","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.2162

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