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29 downloads
10 views

Plant decomposition is dependant on the activity of the soil biota and its interactions with climate, soil properties, and plant residue inputs. This work assessed the roles of different groups of the soil biota on litter decomposition, and the way they are modulated...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Entomology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.826
51 downloads
17 views

Background. Establishing health-related causal relationships is a central pursuit in biomedical research. Yet, the interdependent non-linearity of biological systems renders causal dynamics laborious and at times impractical to disentangle. This pursuit is further...

["Bioinformatics","Mathematical Biology","Computational Science","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.824
11 downloads
10 views

Torsional loading is a common feature of skeletal biomechanics during vertebrate flight. The importance of resisting torsional loads is best illustrated by the convergence of wing bone structure (e.g., long with thin walls) across extant bats and birds. Whether...

["Zoology","Anatomy and Physiology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.823
9 downloads
5 views

Calorie restriction is known to extend lifespan among organisms by a debating mechanism underlying nitric oxide-driven mitochondrial biogenesis. We report here that nitric oxide generators including artemisinin, sodium nitroprusside, and L-arginine mimics calorie...

["Biochemistry","Genomics","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.822
10 downloads
2 views

Evolutionary timescales can be estimated from genetic data using the molecular clock, often calibrated by fossil or geological evidence. However, estimates of molecular rates in mitochondrial DNA appear to scale negatively with the age of the clock calibration....

["Evolutionary Studies","Genetics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.821
11 downloads

Introduction. A safe and effective transition from hospital to post-acute care is a complex and important physician competency. Milestones and Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA) form the new educational rubric in Graduate Medical Education Training. “A safe...

["Emergency and Critical Care","Evidence Based Medicine","Nursing","Science and Medical Education","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.819
19 downloads

In ecology, expert knowledge on habitat characteristics is often used to define sampling units such as study sites. Ecologists are especially prone to such approaches when prior sampling frames are not accessible. Here we ask to what extent can different approaches...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.815
30 downloads
39 views

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the causative agent of gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted infection (STI) of major importance. As a result of antibiotic resistance, there are now limited options for treating patients. We collected draft genome sequence data and associated...

["Bioinformatics","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.806
13 downloads

Substantial health disparities exist between African Americans and Caucasians in the United States. Copy number variations (CNVs) are one form of human genetic variations that have been linked with complex diseases and often occur at different frequencies among...

["Bioinformatics","Genetics","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.677
33 downloads
143 views

Saccharification of polysaccharides releases monosaccharides that can be used by ethanol-producing microorganisms in biofuel production. To improve plant biomass as a raw material for saccharification, factors controlling the accumulation and structure of carbohydrates...

["Biotechnology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.817
9 downloads
44 views

Objective. This study sought to: (1) quantify response rate and efficacy of amitriptyline, desipramine, and gabapentin in treating sensory neuropathic cough; and (2) describe an efficient treatment protocol.Study Design. This study is a retrospective case series.Methods....

["Clinical Trials","Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.816
100 downloads
441 views

In August 2013, we observed a high incidence (44%) of synchronous bands of reduced melanin (a type of fault bar we have termed “pallid bands”) across the rectrices of juvenile Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodrammus savannarum) captured near El Reno, Oklahoma. Earlier...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.814
26 downloads
108 views

Rapid morphological change has been shown in rodent populations on islands, including endemic deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus subspp.) on the California Channel Islands. Surprisingly, most of these changes were towards a smaller size. Black rats were introduced...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.812
22 downloads
126 views

When computing alignments of DNA sequences to a large genome, a key element in achieving high processing throughput is to prioritize locations in the genome where high-scoring mappings might be expected. We formulated this task as a series of list-processing operations...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.808
19 downloads
195 views

The relationship between insect development and temperature has been well established and has a wide range of uses, including the use of blow flies for postmortem (PMI) interval estimations in death investigations. To use insects in estimating PMI, we must be able...

["Developmental Biology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.803

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