Peer-reviewed Articles

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We establish a new pseudozeuxid genus Haimormus gen. nov. based on a new species Haimormus shimojiensis sp. nov. which was collected from a submarine limestone cave with the entrance at 35 m depth, in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. H. shimojiensis differs from...

["Biodiversity","Marine Biology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4720
2 downloads
2 views

Background Obesity-related central nervous system (CNS) pathologies like neuroinflammation and reactive gliosis are associated with high-fat diet (HFD) related elevation of saturated fatty acids like palmitic acid (PA) in neurons and astrocytes of the brain. Methods...

["Biochemistry","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology","Neuroscience","Nutrition"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4696
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Sapium sebiferum, an ornamental and bio-energetic plant, is propagated by seed. Its seed coat contains germination inhibitors and takes a long time to stratify for germination. In this study, we discovered that the S. sebiferum seed coat (especially the tegmen)...

["Agricultural Science","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4690
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Background In China, there is insufficient evidence to support that screening programs can detect breast cancer earlier and improve outcomes compared with patient self-reporting. Therefore, we compared the pathological characteristics at diagnosis between self-detected...

["Epidemiology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4567
68 downloads
361 views

Confirmatory path analysis allows researchers to evaluate and compare causal models using observational data. This tool has great value for comparative biologists since they are often unable to gather experimental data on macro-evolutionary hypotheses, but is cumbersome...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4718
22 downloads
148 views

Background Acetylation alters several protein properties including molecular weight, stability, enzymatic activity, protein–protein interactions, and other biological functions. Our previous findings demonstrating that diacetyl/peroxynitrite can acetylate L-lysine,...

["Biochemistry","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4688
18 downloads
96 views

Background 1,4-dihydropyridines (1,4-DHP) possesses important biochemical and pharmacological properties, including antioxidant and antimutagenic activities. It was shown that the antimutagenic 1,4-dihydropyridine AV-153-Na interacts with DNA. The aim of the current...

["Biophysics","Cell Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4609
68 downloads
2,019 views

Chile is the leading producer of copper worldwide and its richest mineral deposits are found in the Antofagasta Region of northern Chile. Mining activities have significantly increased income and employment in the region; however, there has been little assessment...

["Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Environmental Contamination and Remediation","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4699
21 downloads
169 views

The halophilic bacterial strain WB1 isolated from a hydrothermal vent was taxonomically characterized using multiple proxies, as Halomonas nitroreducens strain WB1. When grown on malt extract/yeast extract (MY) medium, it produced large quantities of exopolysaccharide...

["Biodiversity","Food Science and Technology","Freshwater Biology","Biogeochemistry","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4684
22 downloads
181 views

Objectives Osteoarthritis (OA) and vitamin D deficiency are common health conditions in older people. Whether vitamin D concentration is associated with knee OA is controversial. In this study, we aimed to determine the association between serum concentrations...

["Anesthesiology and Pain Management","Orthopedics","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4670
22 downloads
210 views

Background Mechanistic understanding of tendon molecular and cellular biology is crucial toward furthering our abilities to design new therapies for tendon and ligament injuries and disease. Recent transcriptomic and epigenomic studies in the field have harnessed...

["Molecular Biology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4664
43 downloads
206 views

Mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) continue to be understudied, especially in island locations spread across the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Pohnpei is the largest island in the Federated States of Micronesia, with a well-developed barrier reef, and steep slopes that descend...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4650
39 downloads
440 views

In a typical clinical gait analysis, the gait patterns of pathological individuals are commonly compared with the typically faster, comfortable pace of healthy subjects. However, due to potential bias related to gait speed, this comparison may not be valid. Publicly...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4640
28 downloads
167 views

Resolving human–wildlife conflicts requires the assessment and implementation of appropriate technical measures that minimize negative impacts on socio-economic uses, including agriculture, and ensure the adequate protection of biological diversity. Rice paddies...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Conservation Biology","Biosphere Interactions","Natural Resource Management"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4518
44 downloads
278 views

Background The biofilm of a methanol-fed, fluidized denitrification system treating a marine effluent is composed of multi-species microorganisms, among which Hyphomicrobium nitrativorans NL23 and Methylophaga nitratireducenticrescens JAM1 are the principal bacteria...

["Biotechnology","Genomics","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Biogeochemistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4679

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