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Background. Age-related loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia) increases the incidence of obesity in the elderly by reducing physical activity. This sarcopenic obesity may become self-perpetuating, increasing the risks for metabolic syndrome, disability, and mortality....

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.942

We examined abnormalities in physiological responses to emotional stimuli associated with long-term chronic alcoholism. Skin conductance responses (SCR) and heart rate (HR) responses were measured in 32 abstinent alcoholic (ALC) and 30 healthy nonalcoholic (NC)...

["Neuroscience","Anatomy and Physiology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.941

Aedes aegypti is the major vector of dengue, yellow fever and chikungunya viruses that put millions of people in endemic countries at risk. Mass rearing of this mosquito is crucial for strategies that use modified insects to reduce vector populations and transmission...

["Animal Behavior","Developmental Biology","Entomology","Parasitology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.938

Falling costs in genomic laboratory experiments have led to a steady increase of genomic feature and variation data. Multiple genomic data formats exist for sharing these data, and whilst they are similar, they are addressing slightly different data viewpoints...

["Bioinformatics","Genetics","Genomics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.933

Background. Continued Dispensing (CD) is a new medication supply method for certain medications in Australia. It aims to prevent treatment interruption as a result of patients’ inability to obtain a new valid prescription. The only currently eligible patients for...

["Health Policy","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.924

Background. Datasets consisting of synthetic neural data generated with quantifiable and controlled parameters are a valuable asset in the process of testing and validating directed functional connectivity metrics. Considering the recent debate in the neuroimaging...

["Biophysics","Neuroscience","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.923

Given the importance of effective treatments for children with reading impairment, paired with growing concern about the lack of scientific replication in psychological science, the aim of this study was to replicate a quasi-randomised trial of sight word and phonics...

["Clinical Trials","Cognitive Disorders"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.922
22 downloads
138 views

The origin of recent parallel outbreaks of the high pathogenicity H5N8 avian flu virus in Europe and in Japan can be traced to a single source population, which has most likely been spread by migratory birds. By using Bayesian coalescent methods to analyze the...

["Agricultural Science","Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Genetics","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.934
14 downloads
51 views

This study is aimed at characterizing soft tissue slices using a vibratome. In particular, the effect of two sectioning parameters (i.e., step size and sectioning speed) on resultant slice thickness was investigated for fresh porcine liver as well as for paraformaldehyde-fixed...

["Bioengineering","Anatomy and Physiology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.932
33 downloads
80 views

The effect of wrist flexion-extension on the median nerve appearance, namely the cross-sectional area (MNCSA) and the longitudinal (D1) and vertical (D2) diameters, was investigated among older adults (N = 34). Ultrasound examination was conducted to examine the...

["Geriatrics","Kinesiology","Neurology","Orthopedics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.928
24 downloads
207 views

It is important to quantify patterns of morphological diversity to enhance our understanding of variation in ecological and evolutionary traits. Here, we present a quantitative analysis of morphological diversity in a family of small mammals, the tenrecs (Afrosoricida,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.927
43 downloads
162 views

The barnacle Chthamalus fragilis is found along the US Atlantic seaboard historically from the Chesapeake Bay southward, and in the Gulf of Mexico. It appeared in New England circa 1900 coincident with warming temperatures, and is now a conspicuous member of rocky...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.926
11 downloads
28 views

Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 1 is one of the leading causes of invasive pneumococcal disease. However, this invasive serotype is hardly found in nasopharyngeal asymptomatic carriage and therefore large epidemiological studies are needed to assess the dynamics...

["Genomics","Microbiology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.903
250 downloads
764 views

Consumer-mediated indirect effects at the community level are difficult to demonstrate empirically. Here, we show an explicit indirect effect of overfishing on competition between sponges and reef-building corals from surveys of 69 sites across the Caribbean. Leveraging...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.901
26 downloads
42 views

Inducing cell death by heating targeted particles shows promise in cancer treatment. Here, we aim to demonstrate the feasibility of extending the use of this technique to treat and remove vascular deposits and thrombosis. We used induction heating of macrophages,...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Drugs and Devices","Translational Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.929

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