Peer-reviewed Articles

Convergent evolution can provide insights into the predictability of, and constraints on, the evolution of biodiversity. One striking example of convergence is seen in the ‘river dolphins’. The four dolphin genera that make up the ‘river dolphins’ (Inia geoffrensis,...

["Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4090

Background Skin microbiome varies from person to person due to a combination of various factors, including age, biogeography, sex, cosmetics and genetics. Many skin disorders appear to be related to the resident microflora, yet databases of facial skin microbiome...

["Microbiology","Dermatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4084

Background As the world’s second-largest economy, China has launched health reforms for the second time and invested significant funding in medical informatics (MI) since 2010; however, few studies have been conducted on the outcomes of this ambitious cause. Objective...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Science and Medical Education"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4082

The advent of next-generation sequencing tools has made it possible to conduct fine-scale surveys of population differentiation and genome-wide scans for signatures of selection in non-model organisms. Such surveys are of particular importance in sharply declining...

["Conservation Biology","Genomics","Marine Biology","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4077

Background Laying hens are often kept in barn or free-range systems where they must negotiate level changes in the house to access resources. However, collisions and resultant keel fractures are commonplace. Producers sometimes add ramps to make raised areas more...

["Animal Behavior","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4069

In this paper, we have presented a microwave scattering analysis from multiple human head models. This study incorporates different levels of detail in the human head models and its effect on microwave scattering phenomenon. Two levels of detail are taken into...

["Bioengineering","Biophysics","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4061

Background Tartary buckwheat (TB), a crop rich in protein, dietary fiber, and flavonoids, has been reported to have an effect on Type II diabetes (T2D), hypertension (HT), and hyperlipidemia (HL). However, limited information is available about the relationship...

["Bioinformatics","Diabetes and Endocrinology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4042

Transcriptome resources for social insects have the potential to provide new insight into polyphenism, i.e., how divergent phenotypes arise from the same genome. Here we present a transcriptome based on paired-end RNA sequencing data for the ant Formica exsecta...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3998

Rapid uplifts of the Tibetan Plateau and climate change in Asia are thought to have profoundly modulated the diversification of most of the species distributed throughout Asia. The ranoid tree frog genus Rhacophorus, the largest genus in the Rhacophoridae, is widely...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3995
3 downloads
84 views

The accurate knowledge of Heat Transfer Coefficients is essential for the design of precise heat transfer operations. The determination of these values requires Inverse Heat Transfer Calculations, which are usually based on heuristic optimisation techniques, like...

["Distributed and Parallel Computing","Graphics","Scientific Computing and Simulation","Software Engineering"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.138
20 downloads
167 views

This paper describes the development and application of a suite of tools, called PBxplore, to analyze the dynamics and deformability of protein structures using Protein Blocks (PBs). Proteins are highly dynamic macromolecules, and a classical way to analyze their...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4013
26 downloads
168 views

Morphological differentiation among closely related species provides opportunities to study mechanisms shaping natural phenotypic variation. Here, we address variation in the orientation of melanin-colored body stripes in three cichlid species of the tribe Haplochromini....

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biodiversity","Evolutionary Studies","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4080
24 downloads
169 views

Extensive investigations over the recent decades have established the anatomical, biomechanical and functional importance of the meniscus in the knee joint. As a functioning part of the joint, it serves to prevent the deterioration of articular cartilage and subsequent...

["Biotechnology","Kinesiology","Orthopedics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4076
27 downloads
206 views

Modern genome sequencing strategies are highly sensitive to contamination making the detection of foreign DNA sequences an important part of analysis pipelines. Here we use Taxoblast, a simple pipeline with a graphical user interface, for the post-assembly detection...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4073
17 downloads
154 views

Background Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common and lethal cancer of the adult kidney. However, its pathogenesis has not been fully understood till now, which hinders the therapeutic development of ccRCC. NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) 1...

["Genomics","Molecular Biology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4065

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