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In recent years, researchers have attempted to provide an indication of the prevalence of inflated Type 1 error rates by analyzing the distribution of p-values in the published literature. De Winter & Dodou (2015) analyzed the distribution (and its change over...

["Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1142

Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of implant–abutment interface (IAI) placement depths on peri-implant tissues in the presence of ligature-induced peri-implant inflammation.Materials and Methods. Two implants with screwed-in IAIs (SI)...

["Dentistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1139

Introduction. The value of tablet computer use in medical education is an area of considerable interest, with preliminary investigations showing that the majority of medical trainees feel that tablet computers added value to the curriculum. This study investigated...

["Science and Medical Education","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1133

The mechanical features of individual animal cells have been regarded as indicators of cell type and state. Previously, we investigated the surface mechanics of cancer and normal stromal cells in adherent and suspended states using atomic force microscopy. Cancer...

["Bioengineering","Biotechnology","Cell Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1131

The objectives of this study were to compare how different frailty measures (Frailty Phenotype/FP, Groningen Frailty Indicator/GFI and Tilburg Frailty Indicator/TFI) predict short-term adverse outcomes. Secondarily, adopting a multidimensional approach to frailty...

["Geriatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1121

Background. Knowledge about mixed-methods perspectives that examine anxiety, depression, social support, mental health and the phenomenon of suffering among cognitively intact NH residents is scarce. We aimed to explore suffering and mental health among cognitively...

["Geriatrics","Nursing","Psychiatry and Psychology","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1120
1 view

Background. Homeless veterans have complex healthcare needs, but experience many barriers to treatment engagement. While information technologies (IT), especially mobile phones, are used to engage patients in care, little is known about homeless veterans’ IT use....

["Public Health","Human\u2013Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1096
25 downloads
1,425 views

API methods are not used alone, but in groups and following patterns. However, despite being a key information for API users, most usage patterns are not described in official API documents. In this article, we report a study that evaluates the feasibility of automatically...

["Software Engineering"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.12
8 downloads
182 views

With few exceptions, the field of Machine Learning (ML) research has largely ignored the browser as a computational engine. Beyond an educational resource for ML, the browser has vast potential to not only improve the state-of-the-art in ML research, but also,...

["Data Mining and Machine Learning","Emerging Technologies","Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing","World Wide Web and Web Science","Software Engineering"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.11
7 downloads
221 views

In this work, we developed an automated system to detect potentially illegal elephant ivory items for sale on eBay. Two law enforcement experts, with specific knowledge of elephant ivory identification, manually classified items on sale in the Antiques section...

["Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.10
33 downloads
212 views

Terrestrial predators have been shown to aggregate along stream margins during periods when the emergence of adult aquatic insects is high. Such aggregation may be especially evident when terrestrial surroundings are relatively unproductive, and there are steep...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Ecosystem Science","Environmental Sciences","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1134
59 downloads
344 views

Palaeopathology offers unique insight to the healing strategies of extinct organisms, permitting questions concerning bone physiology to be answered in greater depth. Unfortunately, most palaeopathological studies are confined to external morphological interpretations...

["Paleontology","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1130
11 downloads
107 views

Bacterial populations present in Hg-rich environments have evolved biological mechanisms to detoxify methylmercury and other organometallic mercury compounds. The most common resistance mechanism relies on the H+-assisted cleavage of the Hg–C bond of methylmercury...

["Biochemistry","Biophysics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1127
18 downloads
191 views

The rove beetle Triacrus dilatus is found in the Atlantic forest of South America and lives in the refuse piles of the paper wasp Agelaia vicina. Adults of T. dilatus are among the largest rove beetles, frequently measuring over 3 cm, and exhibit remarkable variation...

["Entomology","Evolutionary Studies","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1123
12 downloads
99 views

Others have analysed the relationship between inadequate behaviour by healthcare professionals in the diagnosis of dyslipidaemia (diagnostic inertia) and the history of cardiovascular risk factors. However, since no study has assessed cardiovascular risk scores...

["Diabetes and Endocrinology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.1109

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