Peer-reviewed Articles

182 downloads
272 views

Background Since the beginning of the Syrian humanitarian crisis, Syrians sought refuge in many safer countries. Many aspects of Syrian refugees’ lives have been affected, hence affecting the overall quality of their lives. However, only one study has investigated...

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health","Ethical Issues","Coupled Natural and Human Systems"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6454
30 downloads
194 views

Field trials were conducted in July–August and October 2012 to quantify the inactivation rate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 when mixed with fecal slurry and applied to romaine lettuce leaves. Lettuce was grown under commercial conditions in Salinas Valley, California....

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6591
82 downloads
308 views

Background While it has been implied that an infant’s exposure to maternal postpartum depression (PPD) may be associated with delayed development of expressive language, it remains unclear whether such a delay persists into childhood and whether the onset of PPD...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health","Women\u2019s Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6566
43 downloads
201 views

Background There is limited evidence about the effects of United States (US) nation-level policy changes on the incidence of alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking. To investigate the potential primary prevention effects on precocious drug use and to clarify lag-time...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6356
75 downloads
292 views

Objective Correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were conducted to estimate the influence of meteorological factors on road traffic injuries stratified by severity. Crash rate was defined as mean monthly road traffic accidents per 1,000 vectors....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6438
68 downloads
292 views

Background This study examined the effectiveness of various vaccine policies against influenza. The transmission rate was calculated by use of the time-series influenza-like illness case during the year of 2009 and recent epidemics in Taiwan. Methods We developed...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6340
85 downloads
476 views

As the United States military engage with different countries and cultures throughout the world, personnel become exposed to new biospheres as well. There are many infectious pathogens that are not endemic to the US, but two of particular importance are Plasmodium...

["Parasitology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6313
96 downloads
459 views

Background Scarlet fever is recognized as being a major public health issue owing to its increase in notifications in mainland China, and an advanced response based on forecasting techniques is being adopted to tackle this. Here, we construct a new hybrid method...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6165
106 downloads
319 views

Background Skin cancer incidence has increased over the last years, becoming a major public health problem. Objective To describe the awareness, behavior and attitudes concerning sun exposure among beachgoers in the northern coast of Peru. Methods We conducted...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6189
72 downloads
436 views

In a previous report, we explored the serverless OpenHealth approach to the Web as a Global Compute space. That approach relies on the modern browser full stack, and, in particular, its configuration for application assembly by code injection. The opportunity,...

["Bioinformatics","Epidemiology","Public Health","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6230
142 downloads
362 views

Background The US mainland is experiencing an epidemic of opioid overdoses. Unfortunately, the US Territories (Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands) have often been overlooked in opioid pharmacoepidemiology research. This study examined common prescription...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6272
1 citation
108 downloads
393 views

Background Epidemiological surveillance of HIV infection in Japan involves two technical problems for directly applying a classical backcalculation method, i.e., (i) all AIDS cases are not counted over time and (ii) people diagnosed with HIV have received antiretroviral...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6275
61 downloads
240 views

Background Dyslipidemia contributes to the risk of many diseases, including stroke, cardiovascular disease and metabolic-related diseases. Previous studies have indicated that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with different levels of serum...

["Biochemistry","Genetics","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6175
63 downloads
442 views

Background Maternal obesity and physical inactivity have been identified as correlates of overweight and obesity and physical inactivity in older preadolescents; however, no study has explored this relationship in Hispanic preadolescents. Furthermore, the relation...

["Epidemiology","Pediatrics","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6100
1 citation
185 downloads
443 views

Background It is plausible that the routine immunization among infants using pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 (PCV13) from 2013 and among the elderly using pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine 23 (PPV23) from 2014 contributed to reducing the pneumonia mortality...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6085

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