Peer-reviewed Articles

106 downloads
251 views

Background The US mainland is experiencing an epidemic of opioid overdoses. Unfortunately, the US Territories (Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands) have often been overlooked in opioid pharmacoepidemiology research. This study examined common prescription...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6272
45 downloads
382 views

The classical way of defining enzyme inhibition has obscured the distinction between inhibitory effect and the inhibitor binding constant. This article examines the relationship between the simple binding curve used to define biomolecular interactions and the standard...

["Biochemistry","Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6082
67 downloads
424 views

Background Several technology-assisted aids are available to help blind and visually impaired people perform their daily activities. The current research uses the state-of-the-art technology to enhance the utility of traditional navigational aids to produce solutions...

["Drugs and Devices","Ophthalmology","Human\u2013Computer Interaction","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6058
76 downloads
411 views

Background Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are a promising tool for cell-based therapies in the treatment of tissue injury. The stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) axis plays a significant role in directing MSC homing to...

["Cell Biology","Mathematical Biology","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6072
89 downloads
473 views

Background Multimorbidity presents an increasingly common problem in older population, and is tightly related to polypharmacy, i.e., concurrent use of multiple medications by one individual. Detecting polypharmacy from drug prescription records is not only related...

["Drugs and Devices","Public Health","Statistics","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5765
72 downloads
359 views

Background Prescription pain reliever (PPR) overdoses differentially affect ‘American Indian/Alaskan Natives’ in the United States (US). Here, studying onset of extra-medical PPR use in 12-24-year-olds, we examine subgroup variations in rates of starting to use...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5713
128 downloads
474 views

Background Acetylsalicylic acid was renamed aspirin in 1899, and it has been widely used for its multiple biological actions. Because of the diversity of the cellular processes and diseases that aspirin reportedly affects and benefits, uncertainty remains regarding...

["Bioinformatics","Drugs and Devices","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5667
66 downloads
309 views

Some plants popularly employed for the treatment of peptic ulcers have proved to be attractive sources of new drugs. Despite extensive research, the pharmacological and toxicological potentials of these plants are not fully understood. In this context, the aim...

["Plant Science","Drugs and Devices","Gastroenterology and Hepatology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5375
114 downloads
464 views

Background Intra-abdominal adhesions develop after nearly every abdominal surgery, commonly causing female infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and small bowel obstruction. Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a methylxanthine compound with immunomodulatory and antifibrotic properties....

["Drugs and Devices","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5434
176 downloads
405 views

Background Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently used in clinical practice, which can have adverse effects on the osteoblast. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of NSAIDs on the osteoblast by analyzing the gene expression...

["Drugs and Devices","Pharmacology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5415
2 citations
236 downloads
908 views

The present study comprises the synthesis of a new series of sulfonamides derived from 4-methoxyphenethylamine (1). The synthesis was initiated by the reaction of 1 with 4-methylbenzenesulfonyl chloride (2) in aqueous sodium carbonate solution at pH 9 to yield...

["Bioinformatics","Neuroscience","Cognitive Disorders","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4962
109 downloads
621 views

Thymidylate synthase (TS, E.C. 2.1.1.45) is a crucial enzyme for de novo deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) biosynthesis. The gene for this enzyme is thyA, which encodes the folate-dependent TS that converts deoxyuridine monophosphate group (dUMP) into (dTMP)...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Biochemistry","Marine Biology","Microbiology","Drugs and Devices"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5023
1 citation
143 downloads
691 views

Candidemia and other forms of invasive fungal infections caused by Candida glabrata and to a lesser extent Saccharomyces cerevisiae are a serious health problem, especially if their steadily rising resistance to the limited range of antifungal drugs is taken into...

["Microbiology","Drugs and Devices","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4999
127 downloads
683 views

Background We sought to determine the effects of unilateral lower-limb external pneumatic compression (EPC) on bilateral lower-limb vascular reactivity and skin blood flow. Methods Thirty-two participants completed this two-aim study. In AIM1 (n = 18, age: 25.5 ± 4.7...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Drugs and Devices","Kinesiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4878
3 citations
188 downloads
897 views

Many infectious diseases disproportionately affect people in the developing world. Cryptococcal meningitis is one of the most common mycoses in HIV-AIDS patients, with the highest burden of disease in sub-Saharan Africa. Current best treatment regimens still result...

["Microbiology","Mycology","Drugs and Devices","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.4761

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