178 downloads
204 views

The cerebellopontine angle (CPA) is a triangular-shaped space that lies at the junction of the pons and cerebellum. It contains cranial nerves and the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA). The anatomical shape and location of the AICA is variable within the...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Neurology","Otorhinolaryngology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6582
18 downloads
172 views

Gliomas are a very diverse group of brain tumors that are most commonly primary tumor and difficult to cure in central nervous system. It’s necessary to distinguish low-grade tumors from high-grade tumors by understanding the molecular basis of different grades...

["Bioinformatics","Neurology","Oncology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6560
55 downloads
191 views

Background The vegetative state (VS)/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) denotes brain-injured, awake patients who are seemingly without awareness. Still, up to 15% of these patients show signs of covert consciousness when examined by functional magnetic resonance...

["Cognitive Disorders","Emergency and Critical Care","Neurology","Ethical Issues","Palliative Care"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6575
330 downloads
1,222 views

Abnormalities in mitochondrial function have previously been shown in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients, implying that mitochondrial dysfunction may contribute to the pathogenesis of disease. This study builds on previous work showing that mitochondrial respiratory...

["Biochemistry","Immunology","Neurology","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6500
81 downloads
191 views

Background An assessment of the degree of white matter tract injury is important in neurosurgical planning for patients with gliomas. The main objective of this study was to assess the injury grade of the corticospinal tract (CST) in rats with glioma using diffusion...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6453
72 downloads
129 views

Background. The pupillary light reflex is the main mechanism that regulates the pupillary diameter; it is controlled by the autonomic system and mediated by subcortical pathways. In addition, cognitive and emotional processes influence pupillary function due to...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Neurology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27510v1
77 downloads
424 views

Background Among over 100 types of Herpesviridae viruses, eight can infect humans: herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1, HSV-2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpesviruses 6, 7, and 8 (HHV-6, HHV-7, HHV-8). After...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Neurology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6095
70 downloads
377 views

Background Thermal stimulation has been proposed as a modality to facilitate motor recovery in neurological populations, such as stroke. Recently (Ansari, Remaud & Tremblay, 2018), we showed that application of cold or warm stimuli distally to a single digit produced...

["Neuroscience","Kinesiology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6163
96 downloads
346 views

Background Only few aerobic exercise intervention trials specifically targeting cognitive functioning have been performed in multiple sclerosis. Objective and Methods This randomized controlled trial with 34 patients in the intervention group (IG) (mean: 38.2 years...

["Clinical Trials","Immunology","Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6037
114 downloads
406 views

Working memory impairment is a common cognitive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI), which severely affects the quality of life of patients. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter which is closely related to cognitive functions. In addition, epigenetic...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6113
98 downloads
356 views

Axonal stimulation with electric currents is an effective method for controlling neural activity. An electric field parallel to the axon is widely accepted as the predominant component in the activation of an axon. However, recent studies indicate that the transverse...

["Biophysics","Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6020
71 downloads
427 views

Background This study assessed whether serum lipid levels are associated with the risk of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) and functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke after receiving intravenous thrombolysis. Methods We retrospectively...

["Neuroscience","Neurology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6021
103 downloads
1,891 views

Background The Stroop test is frequently used to assess deficits in inhibitory control in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). This test has limitations and antisaccade eye movements, that also measure inhibitory control, may be an alternative to Stroop. Objectives...

["Cognitive Disorders","Neurology","Ophthalmology","Psychiatry and Psychology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5737
1 citation
108 downloads
492 views

Background The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) is a widely-used, 16-item measure of concussion symptoms yet its ability to assess change in the symptom experience over time has come under criticism. We applied Generalisability theory to differentiate...

["Neurology","Psychiatry and Psychology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5676
1 citation
114 downloads
755 views

Background Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is one of the non-motor features of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Some symptoms tend to occur in the early stages of PD. AD also has a great impact on patient’s quality of life. In this study, we aimed to discover the association...

["Neurology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5539

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