23 downloads
102 views

Background There is limited evidence about the effects of United States (US) nation-level policy changes on the incidence of alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking. To investigate the potential primary prevention effects on precocious drug use and to clarify lag-time...

["Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6356
34 downloads
177 views

Objective Correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were conducted to estimate the influence of meteorological factors on road traffic injuries stratified by severity. Crash rate was defined as mean monthly road traffic accidents per 1,000 vectors....

["Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health","Environmental Impacts"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6438
36 downloads
171 views

Clinical studies/trials are experiments or observations on human subjects considered by the scientific community the most appropriate instrument to answer specific research questions on interventions on health outcomes. The time-line of the observations might be...

["Bioinformatics","Clinical Trials","Epidemiology","Statistics","Data Mining and Machine Learning"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6363
30 downloads
220 views

Background This study examined the effectiveness of various vaccine policies against influenza. The transmission rate was calculated by use of the time-series influenza-like illness case during the year of 2009 and recent epidemics in Taiwan. Methods We developed...

["Epidemiology","Public Health","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6340
63 downloads
385 views

As the United States military engage with different countries and cultures throughout the world, personnel become exposed to new biospheres as well. There are many infectious pathogens that are not endemic to the US, but two of particular importance are Plasmodium...

["Parasitology","Epidemiology","Global Health","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6313
40 downloads
182 views

Objective In evidence synthesis practice, dealing with binary rare adverse events (AEs) is a challenging problem. The pooled estimates for rare AEs through traditional inverse variance (IV), Mantel-Haenszel (MH), and Yusuf-Peto (Peto) methods are suboptimal, as...

["Clinical Trials","Epidemiology","Evidence Based Medicine","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6295
42 downloads
205 views

Background Hypocalcemia is a common complication of thyroidectomy resulting from an injury to the parathyroid gland. Methylene blue, which is a medication and dye that has been used for more than a century, is safe and readily available. The previous study has...

["Clinical Trials","Epidemiology","Otorhinolaryngology","Surgery and Surgical Specialties"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6376
45 downloads
310 views

Background Scarlet fever is recognized as being a major public health issue owing to its increase in notifications in mainland China, and an advanced response based on forecasting techniques is being adopted to tackle this. Here, we construct a new hybrid method...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6165
84 downloads
253 views

Background Skin cancer incidence has increased over the last years, becoming a major public health problem. Objective To describe the awareness, behavior and attitudes concerning sun exposure among beachgoers in the northern coast of Peru. Methods We conducted...

["Dermatology","Epidemiology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6189
54 downloads
346 views

In a previous report, we explored the serverless OpenHealth approach to the Web as a Global Compute space. That approach relies on the modern browser full stack, and, in particular, its configuration for application assembly by code injection. The opportunity,...

["Bioinformatics","Epidemiology","Public Health","Computational Science","Data Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6230
106 downloads
253 views

Background The US mainland is experiencing an epidemic of opioid overdoses. Unfortunately, the US Territories (Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands) have often been overlooked in opioid pharmacoepidemiology research. This study examined common prescription...

["Drugs and Devices","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Pharmacology","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6272
83 downloads
297 views

Background Epidemiological surveillance of HIV infection in Japan involves two technical problems for directly applying a classical backcalculation method, i.e., (i) all AIDS cases are not counted over time and (ii) people diagnosed with HIV have received antiretroviral...

["Epidemiology","HIV","Infectious Diseases","Public Health","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6275
76 downloads
142 views

The observed dynamics of infectious diseases are driven by processes across multiple scales. First is within-host, that is how an infection progresses inside a single individual (for instance viral and immune dynamics). Second is how the infection is transmitted...

["Computational Biology","Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27485v1
52 downloads
349 views

Background Among over 100 types of Herpesviridae viruses, eight can infect humans: herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1, HSV-2), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpesviruses 6, 7, and 8 (HHV-6, HHV-7, HHV-8). After...

["Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Neurology","Pathology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6095
63 downloads
357 views

The aim of this study is to understand the role that the movement patterns of pigs, cattle and buffalo play in the spread of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). A cross-sectional survey consisting of a questionnaire was used in a hotspot area for FMD: Xayabouli Province,...

["Veterinary Medicine","Epidemiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6177

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