Background Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are highly promising biofertilizers that contribute to eco-friendly sustainable agriculture. There have been many reports on the anti-microbial properties of nanoparticles (NPs). Toxic effects of NPs under...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Microbiology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6418
41 downloads
29 views

Background. Continuous cropping disturbs the balance between the microbes beneficial to a plant and the pathogenic microorganisms in the rhizosphere soil, which has both a direct and indirect adverse effect on soil and plant health. It is highly significant to...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27600v1
34 downloads
78 views

It has been well proved that melatonin participates in the regulation of the seasonal reproduction of ewes. However, the effects of short term treatment of melatonin on ewe’s ovulation are still to be clarified. In this study, the effects of melatonin on the number...

["Agricultural Science","Cell Biology","Developmental Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27598v1
66 downloads
127 views

The oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) is a worldwide pest leading to crop production. The management of B. dorsalis is becoming more and more difficult because of the emerging insecticide resistance. Searching for new and effective methods in managing...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Entomology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27597v1
88 downloads
167 views

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the primary source of protein and nutrients in the majority of households in sub-Saharan Africa. However, pests and viral diseases are key drivers in the reduction of bean production. To date, the majority of viruses reported...

["Agricultural Science","Virology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6465
102 downloads
166 views

Caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT) is an important protein that participates in lignin synthesis and is associated with the ratio of G-/S-type lignin in plants. COMTs are associated with the wood properties of forest trees; however, little known about the...

["Agricultural Science","Forestry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6520
68 downloads
151 views

Background Staphylococcus spp. are major cause of bovine mastitis (BM) worldwide leading to economic damage to dairy farms and public health threat. Recently, a newly emerged Staphylococcus argenteus has been found as a human and animal pathogen. Molecular characteristics,...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6587
149 downloads
153 views

The gut microbiota is crucial for metabolic homeostasis, immunity, growth and overall health, and it is recognized that early-life microbiota acquisition is a pivotal event for later-life health. Recent studies show that gut microbiota diversity and functional...

["Agricultural Science","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6592
35 downloads
158 views

Background Solidago canadensis L. is an aggressive exotic plant species in China that has potential allelopathic effects on competing plant species. Effects of hormesis are frequently observed in studies of allelopathy; however, the mechanisms of such effects need...

["Agricultural Science","Biodiversity","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6564
91 downloads
187 views

Over 2.5 billion smallholders cultivate the world’s arable land, strategically positioned to tackle multiple Anthropocene challenges. When consciously adopting ecologically-based pest management practices, they can improve resource use efficiency, slow biodiversity...

["Agricultural Science","Anthropology","Entomology","Coupled Natural and Human Systems","Environmental Contamination and Remediation"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27579v1
101 downloads
197 views

Excessive amounts of sewage sludge produced in sewage treatment plants along with the ban on its storage and dumping require rapid solutions to the problem of sewage sludge management. An example of a rational and environmentally viable method may be provided by...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6434
123 downloads
181 views

Background Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT), distributed in the bronchial mucosa, plays a critical role in maintaining the mucosal immune homeostasis of the lower respiratory tract. The bronchial tree is a functional structure for gas exchange with the...

["Agricultural Science","Veterinary Medicine","Zoology","Respiratory Medicine","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6571
31 downloads
198 views

Field trials were conducted in July–August and October 2012 to quantify the inactivation rate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 when mixed with fecal slurry and applied to romaine lettuce leaves. Lettuce was grown under commercial conditions in Salinas Valley, California....

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology","Epidemiology","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6591
90 downloads
183 views

Plant volatiles play an important role in regulating insect behavior. Odorant binding proteins (OBPs) are involved in the first step of the olfactory signal transduction pathway and plant volatiles recognition. Sogatella furcifera is one of the most destructive...

["Agricultural Science","Animal Behavior","Entomology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6576
250 downloads
391 views

The 1977 discovery that Agrobacterium tumefaciens inserts a specific piece of DNA into the plant cell genome triggered a race towards the first transgenic plant. Three groups were initially involved in the race, a fourth group entered later on. This race ended...

["Agricultural Science","Biotechnology","Genetics","Molecular Biology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27556v2

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