Background. Eelgrass (Zostera marina) is a marine angiosperm and foundation species that plays an important ecological role in primary production, food web support, and elemental cycling in coastal ecosystems. As with other plants, the microbial communities living...

["Marine Biology","Microbiology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2956v1

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an antibiotic resistant Gram-negative pathogen, which is associated with hospital-acquired infection. The genome encodes a protein highly related to the Ax21 protein of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae that is implicated in interactions...

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2955v1
2 downloads
33 views

Objective: The objective of this work is to obtain validity evidence for an evaluation instrument used to assess the performance level of a mastoidectomy. The instrument has been previously described and had been formulated by a multi-institutional consortium....

["Otorhinolaryngology","Science and Medical Education","Statistics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2954v1
76 downloads
280 views

Despite most Spatial Data Infrastructures are offering service-based visualization of geospatial data, requirements are often at a very basic level leading to poor quality of maps. This is a general observation for any geospatial architecture as soon as open standards...

["Spatial and Geographic Information Systems","World Wide Web and Web Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2415v2
5 downloads
85 views

Background: Technological advances in sequencing, assembly and segregation of resulting contigs into species-specific bins has enabled the reconstruction of individual genomes from environmental metagenomic data sets. Though a powerful technique, it is shadowed...

["Bioinformatics","Genomics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2953v1
1 download
31 views

Github is a key online collaborative software development environment. In this paper we describe a new category of Github project: Curation projects collect, evaluate, and preserve resources for software developers. We investigated 1) what motivates software developers...

["Human-Computer Interaction","Social Computing","Software Engineering"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2952v1
9 downloads
137 views

Low-frequency urban noise can interfere with avian communication through masking. Some species are able to shift the frequency of their vocalizations upwards in noisy conditions, which may reduce the effects of masking. However, results from playback studies investigating...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3257
10 downloads
123 views

A period of starvation is regarded as a sound practice in aquaculture prior to handling, transportation and harvest, to minimise impacts on welfare and ensure proper hygiene after harvest. However, documentation of welfare issues such as stress following starvation...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Veterinary Medicine","Metabolic Sciences"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3273
18 downloads
231 views

Introduction An increasing focus on personal electronic health records (PHRs) offers healthcare benefits for patients, particularly those in undeserved and marginalised populations, who are at risk of receiving less effective healthcare, and may have worse health...

["Health Policy","Public Health","Human-Computer Interaction"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3268
12 downloads
89 views

Telomere shortening has emerged as an important biomarker of aging. Longitudinal studies consistently find that, although telomere length shortens over time on average, there is a subset of individuals for whom telomere length is observed to increase. This apparent...

["Genetics","Genomics","Epidemiology","Statistics"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3265
48 downloads
270 views

Thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from the Gray Fossil Site, Tennessee, dating to the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. Among these are but eight specimens of bats representing two different taxa referable to the family Vespertilionidae. Comparison of...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3263
49 downloads
379 views

Background Lepidosaurs, a group including rhynchocephalians and squamates, are one of the major clades of extant vertebrates. Although there has been extensive phylogenetic work on this clade, its interrelationships are a matter of debate. Morphological and molecular...

["Developmental Biology","Evolutionary Studies","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3262
11 downloads
88 views

Protein post-translational modification (PTM) is an important mechanism that is involved in the regulation of protein function. Considering the high-cost and labor-intensive of experimental identification, many computational prediction methods are currently available...

["Bioinformatics","Computational Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3261
21 downloads
320 views

Background The human microbiota plays a key role in health and disease, and bacteriocins, which are small, bacterially produced, antimicrobial peptides, are likely to have an important function in the stability and dynamics of this community. Here we examined the...

["Biodiversity","Bioinformatics","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3254
11 downloads
89 views

Tuberculosis is one of the world’s deadliest infectious disease with 1.5 millions deaths annually. It is imperative to discover novel compounds with potent activity against M. tuberculosis. In this study, susceptibilities of M. smegmatis to the octahedral ruthenium(II)...

["Biochemistry","Microbiology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3252

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