The reef crests of the Jardines de la Reina National Park are largely formed by Acropora palmata, but colonies of Acropora cervicornis and the hybrid Acropora prolifera are also present. This study shows spatial distribution of colonies, thickets and live fragments...

["Ecology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27493v1

Understanding sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) response to multiple pest injury, sugarcane borer (Diatraea saccharalis) and spittlebug (Mahanarva fimbriolata), is essential to make better management decisions. Moreover, the consequences of both pests on the sugarcane...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6166

Background Current regulatory pesticide risk assessments for bees are based primarily on the honey bee (Apis mellifera) and may not always be protective of solitary bees. To incorporate solitary bees into the risk assessment process, standardized methods to assess...

["Agricultural Science","Entomology","Toxicology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6278
1 download
1 view

The species of Meranoplus Smith, 1853 of the Arabian Peninsula are reviewed based on the worker caste. Two species are recognized, keyed, and illustrated by Scanning Electron Microscope images (SEM), Meranoplus mosalahi and M. pulcher, Sharaf, 2014. Meranoplus...

["Biodiversity","Entomology","Taxonomy","Zoology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6287

In the farming industry, the productivity of livestock herds depends on the fertility efficiency of animals. The accurate diagnosis of a broad range of aetiological agents causing fetal death is often difficult. Our aim was to assess the prevalence rates of Toxoplasma...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology","Parasitology","Veterinary Medicine"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5920
2 downloads
2 views

Barona arcuata, n.gen et n.sp., a left forewing of a relatively large cockroach of the Order Blattaria, is described from mesosaur-bearing lagoonal shales of the Mangrullo Formation (north-eastern Uruguay). While most of the insect remains recovered from the Mangrullo...

["Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6289
3 downloads
20 views

Anti-fibrotic properties of ranibizumab have been well documented. As an antagonist to Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), ranibizumab works by binding and neutralizes all active VEGF, thus limits the progressive cell growth and proliferation. Its application...

["Molecular Biology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27492v1
10 downloads
27 views

Corals provide structure and food sources vital for the maintenance of coral reef fish diversity. However, coral reefs are currently under threat from climate change, which has led to the largest recorded loss of live coral. The loss of live coral, and corresponding...

["Biodiversity","Ecology","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27491v1
16 downloads
97 views

Macronycteris commersoni (Hipposideridae), a bat species endemic to Madagascar, is widespread across the island and utilizes a range of habitat types including open woodland, degraded habitats, and forested areas from sea level to 1,325 m. Despite being widely...

["Biogeography","Evolutionary Studies"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.5866
10 downloads
73 views

Background Scarlet fever is recognized as being a major public health issue owing to its increase in notifications in mainland China, and an advanced response based on forecasting techniques is being adopted to tackle this. Here, we construct a new hybrid method...

["Mathematical Biology","Epidemiology","Health Policy","Infectious Diseases","Public Health"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6165
11 downloads
82 views

Background Patients with atrial fibrillation-flutter (AF) admitted on the weekends were initially reported to have poor outcomes. The primary purpose of this study is to re-evaluate the outcomes for weekend versus weekday AF hospitalization using the 2014 Nationwide...

["Cardiology","Global Health","Health Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6211
13 downloads
62 views

Astelia pumila (G.Forst.) Gaudich. (Asteliaceae, Asparagales) is a major element of West Patagonian cushion peat bog vegetation. With the aim to identify appropriate chloroplast markers for the use in a phylogeographic study, the complete chloroplast genomes of...

["Biogeography","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6244
19 downloads
53 views

Background Paddies are an important anthropogenic source of methane emissions to the atmosphere, and they are impacted by heavy metal pollution. Nickel (Ni) and cobalt (Co) pollution might either enhance or mitigate CH4 emission from paddy soils due to the total...

["Soil Science","Climate Change Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6274
23 downloads
54 views

Purpose The most common virus vector used in gene therapy research for ophthalmologic diseases is the adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector, which has been used successfully in a number of preclinical and clinical studies. It is important to evaluate novel AAV vectors...

["Virology","Ophthalmology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.6317
17 downloads
55 views

Polyp activity in passive suspension feeders has been linked to several environmental factors such as hydrodynamics, water temperature and food concentration. To better elucidate the driving forces controlling polyp expansion in these organisms and the potential...

["Animal Behavior","Ecology","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.27490v1

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