Reef building corals precipitate calcium carbonate as an exo-skeleton and provide substratum for prosperous marine life. Biomineralization of the coral’s skeleton is a developmental process that occurs concurrently with other proliferation processes that control...

["Ecology","Environmental Sciences","Genetics","Marine Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3590
1 download
1 view

Cleavage of mRNA molecules causes their rapid degradation, thereby playing an important role in regulation of gene expression and host genome defense from viruses and transposons in bacterial and eukaryotic cells. Current negative-readout, and repressor-based positive-readout...

["Bioengineering","Molecular Biology","Synthetic Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3602

Background The microbial populations that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are known to influence the health and growth performance of the host. Clean hatcheries and machine-based incubation practices in the commercial poultry industry can lead to the acquisition...

["Agricultural Science","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3587

Background Type II diabetes is a chronic health condition which is associated with skin conditions including chronic foot ulcers and an increased incidence of skin infections. The skin microbiome is thought to play important roles in skin defence and immune functioning....

["Microbiology","Molecular Biology","Diabetes and Endocrinology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3543

In the swine industry, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a highly contagious disease which causes heavy economic losses worldwide. Effective prevention and disease control is an important issue. In this study, we described the construction...

["Veterinary Medicine","Virology","Infectious Diseases"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3514

The emergence of herbicide-resistant weeds is a major threat facing modern agriculture. Over 470 weedy-plant populations have developed resistance to herbicides. Traditional evolutionary mechanisms are not always sufficient to explain the rapidity with which certain...

["Agricultural Science","Genomics","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3560
48 downloads
302 views

For almost the entirely of the latter half of the Cretaceous, the continent of North America was divided into two sections, Laramidia in the west and Appalachia in the east. Unfortunately, this latter landmass recorded only a sparse fossil record of dinosaurs,...

["Biogeography","Paleontology","Taxonomy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3097v3
2 downloads
36 views

In studies of human movement control, an important question is how the central nervous system (CNS) controls movements in the presence of a large number of degrees of freedom (DoFs) at all levels of the control architecture. It is known that CNS groups the multiple...

["Bioengineering","Neuroscience","Kinesiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3080v1
86 downloads
361 views

Recovery planning is an essential part of implementing the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), but conservationists and government agencies recognize challenges with the current planning process. Common criticisms are that too many species lack recovery plans, plans...

["Biodiversity","Conservation Biology","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2882v2
12 downloads
87 views

Yunnanopilia longistaminea is an endangered monotypic species belonging to Opiliaceae. This edible plant is an important germplasm source with a high economic value in China if propagation were less difficult. Seed dormancy and germination of this species were...

["Conservation Biology","Ecology","Plant Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3435
13 downloads
78 views

This paper is the first public report that Streptomyces flavogriseus can produce both actinomycin D and holomycin. The actinomycete strain NJ-4 isolated from the soil of Nanjing Agricultural University was identified as S. flavogriseus. This S. flavogriseus strain...

["Biotechnology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3601
21 downloads
117 views

Background Mechanical loading is crucial for muscle and tendon tissue remodeling. Eccentric heel drop exercise has been proven to be effective in the management of Achilles tendinopathy, yet its induced change in the mechanical property (i.e., stiffness) of the...

["Anatomy and Physiology","Kinesiology","Radiology and Medical Imaging"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3592
14 downloads
89 views

Background Reciproc instruments are the only contemporary root canal instruments where glide path preparation is no longer strictly demanded by the manufacturer. As the complete preparation of root canals is associated with success in endodontic treatment we wanted...

["Dentistry"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3583
8 downloads
118 views

The death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) can act as an oncogene or a tumor suppressor gene depending on the cellular context as well as external stimuli. Our study aims to investigate the prognostic significance of DAPK1 in liver cancer in both mRNA and protein...

["Biochemistry","Gastroenterology and Hepatology","Oncology","Translational Medicine","Histology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3568
10 downloads
52 views

The Class Bivalvia is a highly successful and ancient group including 20,000+ known species. They represent a good model for studying adaptation (anoxia/hypoxia, salinity, temperature, ...), and they are useful bioindicators for monitoring the concentration of...

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Evolutionary Studies","Genomics","Marine Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3096v1

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