80 downloads
323 views

Two complementary GIS-based functions are designed and implemented to assess the expected degree of loss due to the occurrence of flood events. Each function processes institutional thematic layers and allows decision makers first to quantify the physical and the...

["Spatial and Geographic Information Systems","Programming Languages"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2228v2

In arable cropping systems, reduced or conservation tillage practices are linked with improved soil quality, C retention and higher microbial biomass, but most long-term studies rarely focus on depths greater than 15 cm nor allow comparison of microbial community...

["Agricultural Science","Ecology","Microbiology","Soil Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3288v1

Background. Pesticidal RNAs silencing critical gene function have great potential in pest management, but the benefits of this technology must be weighed against non-target organism risks. Methods. Published studies that developed pesticidal dsRNAs were collated...

["Biotechnology","Ecology","Entomology","Toxicology","Ecotoxicology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3287v1

Advances in genomic sequencing technologies resulted in massive microbial diversity data (16S ribosomal gene sequences, rDNA) being generated in every possible environment. However, the majority of microorganisms have never been cultured, and therefore, nor cataloged....

["Biodiversity","Biogeography","Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3286v1

US defence sponsored the DES program in 1974 and released it in 1977. It remained as a well-known and well accepted block cipher until 1998. Thirty-two 4-bit DES S-Boxes are grouped in eight each with four and are put in public domain without any mention of their...

["Algorithms and Analysis of Algorithms","Cryptography"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3285v1
5 downloads
74 views

It is now becoming feasible to determine the composition of an individual gut microbiota (gut microflora), as well as the individual genome. In addition, whole genome scale metabolic models (GEMs) exist for a range of bacteria, and also for human. In principle...

["Computational Biology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3267v2
138 downloads
298 views

Water managers need map of irrigated areas (defined as the identification of their location and their areal extent) to plan a rational use of water under limited availability and to prevent the unauthorized withdrawals. Many authors have shown that the Earth Observation...

["Spatial and Geographic Information Systems"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.2155v3
4 downloads
105 views

Melanoma is a highly immunogenic tumor. Therefore, in recent years physicians have incorporated drugs that alter the immune system into their therapeutic arsenal against this disease, revolutionizing in the treatment of patients in an advanced stage of the disease....

["Bioinformatics","Algorithms and Analysis of Algorithms","Databases","Visual Analytics"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3260v2
1 download
2 views

Background The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (GBMF) was interested in understanding the potential effects of requiring that grantees publish their peer-reviewed research in open access journals. Methods We collected data on more than 2,000 publications in over...

["Ethical Issues","Science and Medical Education","Science Policy"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3853
1 download
2 views

Background Why biodiversity is not uniformly distributed on the Earth is a major research question of biogeography. One of the most striking patterns of disparity in species distribution are the biodiversity hotspots, which generally do not fit with the distribution...

["Biodiversity","Biogeography"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3850
2 downloads
3 views

Many bacterial effector proteins that are delivered to host cells during infection are enzymes targeting host cell signalling. Recently, Legionella pneumophila effector Lpg1137 was experimentally characterised as a serine protease that cleaves human syntaxin 17....

["Bioinformatics","Molecular Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3849
1 download
1 view

Taxonomic markers such as the 16S ribosomal RNA gene are widely used in microbial community analysis. A common first step in marker-gene analysis is grouping genes into clusters to reduce data sets to a more manageable size and potentially mitigate the effects...

["Bioinformatics","Ecology","Microbiology","Computational Science"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3812
1 download
2 views

Circular rep-encoding ssDNA (CRESS-DNA) viruses are common constituents of invertebrate viral consortia. Despite their ubiquity and sequence diversity, the effects of CRESS-DNA viruses on invertebrate biology and ecology remain largely unknown. This study assessed...

["Ecology","Genomics","Microbiology","Virology","Freshwater Biology"]
doi:10.7717/peerj.3810

Freshwater fishes often exhibit high genetic population structure due to the prevalence of dispersal barriers (e.g., waterfalls) whereas population structure in diadromous fishes tends to be weaker and driven by natal homing behaviour and/or isolation by distance....

["Aquaculture, Fisheries and Fish Science","Conservation Biology","Ecology","Genetics","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3284v1
2 downloads
16 views

Corals rely on a symbiosis with dinoflagellate algae (Symbiodinium spp.) to thrive in nutrient poor tropical oceans. However, the coral-algal symbiosis can break down during bleaching events, potentially leading to coral death. While genome-wide expression studies...

["Genetics","Marine Biology","Molecular Biology","Zoology"]
doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3283v1

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