[Experimental] List of manuscripts available for review volunteers
1 manuscript available for review volunteers
January 20, 2018

Background. As the start of table tennis playing, serve involves complex spatial movement with biomechanial characteristics . Although the differences in lower-limb biomechanial characteristics to a great extent influence the translational and spinning velocity of the ball when using the different styles of table tennis serve, few researchers have studied their mechanics. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the differences in lower-limb activity between squat and standing services during a table tennis short serve.

Methods. Six advanced female table tennis participants performed a squat serve and standing serve in random order. A Vicon motion analysis system and a Novel Pedar insole plantar pressure measurement system were used to record kinematics and kinetics data, respectively.

Results. Key findings from the study were that the squat serve not only showed significantly larger hip and knee flexion, as well as ankle dorsiflexion, it also showed significantly larger hip adduction and external knee rotation, with changing angular rate of the lower limb joints when the two serving styles were compared. In addition, relative loads were higher in the rear foot area for the standing serve.

Discussion. The results demonstrated that the squat serve needs higher lower limb drive during a table tennis short serve compared with a standing serve. These biomechanical considerations would be beneficial for table tennis athletes and coaches to optimize performance characteristics during both competition and training.

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