Climate change and food security in sub-Saharan Africa: insights for fisheries and aquaculture
This paper reviews some of the foundations and upshots of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture productivity in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the implications for food security. It further highlights possible measures for adaptation and mitigation of the impacts and this is borne out of the need for urgent attention and further inquiry into the relationship between climate change and fish food security in the region. Though fish is the most important source of cheap, quality animal protein, it is grossly insufficient in most SSA diets. To guarantee the nutritional well-being of its population, a consistent supply of fish is essential. However, the region ranks high in terms of susceptibility to climate change amidst several challenges bedeviling fish production and this further threatens its efficacy. Therefore, to achieve effective management of fisheries and aquaculture through adaptation and mitigation in the face of climate fluctuations and change, it is quintessential for stakeholders to drive co-management methodologies which comprise the livelihoods, ecosystem-based and community-based approaches which are deemed to positively impact the four dimensions of food security thus contributing to the achievement of a climate friendly and food secure economy.