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Has anyone sampled the hindgut contents (possibly at different stages of fermentation) to determine what proportion of secondary metabolites remain in comparison to the concentrations in the ingested foliage? This seems like a key point to determine to what extent...

["microbiota","plant secondary metabolites","volatile organic compounds","xenobiotics"]
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Have you work just on literature compiling all the dinosaur bone findings from BC or have you seen the specimens in the museum where they are housed?

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In your study VSH factor counting was done by dividing the number of cells opened by bees with the number of cells examined. This was done by comparing fotographs taken at 10 days versus 20 days brood age. The porpotion of opened cells together with infestation...

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Was figure 2 directly generated using MEME or another package?

["motifs","software"]
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Why is brood volatiles induced by varroa mites not considered as explaining factor? You conclude that "brood volatiles are not a factor in the results obtained." These mite induced volatiles have been similar in both groups, but they may still be the key factor...

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The best estimate for the bioavailability of oral levodopa given with carbidopa is 85-86% (Robertson et al, 1989, Table 3, p. 64). The relevant sentence here should instead read: %%A 35-year-old patient weighing 70 kg would receive a total dose of 64 mg (in 32...

["bioavailability","background"]
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I wonder if one of the obstacles is the time and expertise required of teachers to develop course materials that are ecology focussed? If so, I think it is worth noting that the Data Carpentry community has freely available ecology focussed teaching materials...

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Hi, really interesting paper with a number of useful extensions I could envision. Looking at Fig. 1, it almost seems that a type I functional response model could be fit to the +sponge treatment data. I understand the motivation to fit the Rogers curves to each...

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Has been a laboratory colony of these black rats established before their 2002 eradication? Are there any data on genetic a phenotypic variability of these rats available? Low phenotypic variability of rats could explain high evolutionary rate (when measured in...

["evolution","frozen evolution","polymorphism","evolvability"]
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C. cadaverina is recorded in N America, probably Sibiria and Russian Far East, but have never been reported from Europe Thanks to K. SZPILA for this comment

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Following European countries with records of C. mortuorum are listed by Fauna Europea (excluding countries on this map): Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danish mainland, Faroe Is., French mainland, Hungary, Iceland, Italian mainland, Lithuania, North...

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I did not understand this discussion. In the "Spherical Phylogeography with BEAST 2.3" tutorial, tree prior is set up for Coalescent with Constant Population, but in this part of the discussion it is saying that"phylogeographical approaches based on the structured...

["Phylogeography"]
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I'd like to thank the authors for this article. It concisely reinforces what all researchers and reviewers should know but, it seems, almost always forget. The article is particularly accessible to less mathematically oriented readers and, being published as an...

["Regression","non-normality"]
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Hi Matt - I enjoyed your paper a lot. Two quick comments. MP-EST can take alignments with missing taxa and you don't need the same outgroup for all alignments, so perhaps you could include more genes than you did in the MP-EST analysis. Second, there is a cool...

["coalescent","species tree","MP-EST"]