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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Thor-Seng Liew conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

Menno Schilthuizen contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to ethical approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

The permissions for the work in the study sites were given by the Wildlife Department of Sabah (JHL.600-6/1 JLD.6, JHL.6000.6/1/2 JLD.8) and the Economic Planning Unit, Malaysia (UPE: 40/200/19/2524).

Grant Disclosures

The following grant information was disclosed by the authors:

project 819.01.012 of the Research Council for Earth and Life Sciences (ALW-NWO), The Netherlands

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of related data:

http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.#####

Funding

This study is funded under project 819.01.012 of the Research Council for Earth and Life Sciences (ALW-NWO). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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