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Supplemental Information

nMDS plot of survey sites by benthic community structure using square-root transformed occurrences of benthic categories

Sites labeled green are less-fished, and sites labeled blue are overfished. The following benthic categories were used: rock, fire coral, rubble, zoanthid, sponges, other benthos, hard coral, gorgonian, silt, sand, turf, macroalgae, and coralline algae. Prefixes of site names denote the following locations: B, Bahamas; C, Cayman Islands; D, Dominican Republic; E, St. Eustatius; F, Key Largo, FL; J, Jamaica; M, Martinique; O, Bonaire; P, Bocas del Toro, Panama; R, Puerto Rico; S, St. Lucia; U, Curaçao; X, Mexico.

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.836v1/supp-1

Benthic cover data for all survey sites. (Excel spreadsheet)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.836v1/supp-2

Correlation of individual variables with axes 1 and 2 of the nMDS ordination of benthic category occurrence across all survey sites (Fig. S1)

DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.836v1/supp-3

Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Tse-Lynn Loh conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Steven E McMurray performed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Timothy P Henkel performed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Jan Vicente performed the experiments, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Joseph R Pawlik conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Field Study Permissions

The following information was supplied relating to field study approvals (i.e., approving body and any reference numbers):

Fieldwork was conducted under Permit FKNMS-2009-126 in the Florida Keys, National Commission on Aquaculture and Fisheries (Comisión Nacional de Acuacultura y Pesca) Permit DAPA/2/06504/110612/1608 in the Yucatan (Mexico), Department of Marine Resources Permit MAF/LIA/22 (Bahamas Islands), and unnumbered permits or research contracts from St. Lucia, the Cayman Islands, and St. Eustatius.

Funding

Funding for this study was provided by the AMNH Lerner Gray Fund for Marine Research, UNCW Brauer Fellowship and Graduate Student Association Travel Award, NOAA-NURC (NA96RU-0260), NOAA’s Coral Reef Conservation Program and the National Science Foundation (OCE-0550468, 1029515). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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