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Ali S, Shahbaz M, Shahzad AN, Fatima A, Khan HAA, Anees M, Haider MS.2015. Impact of copper toxicity on stone-head cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) in hydroponics. PeerJ PrePrints3:e830v1https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.830v1
Arable soils are frequently subjected to contamination with copper as the consequence of imbalanced fertilization with manure and organic fertilizers and/or extensive use of copper-containing fungicides. In the present study, the exposure of Stone-head cabbage (Brassica oleracea Var. capitata) to elevated Cu2+ levels resulted in leaf chlorosis and lesser biomass yield at ≥ 2 µM. Root nitrate content was not statistically affected by Cu2+ levels, although it was substantially decreased at ≥ 5 µM Cu2+ in the shoot. The decrease in nitrate contents can be related to lower nitrate uptake rates because of growth inhibition by Cu-toxicity. Shoot sulfate content increased strongly at ≥ 2 µM Cu2+ indicating an increase in demand for sulfur under Cu stress. Furthermore, at ≥ 2 µM concentration, concentration of water-soluble non-protein thiol increased markedly in the roots and to a smaller level in the shoot. When exposed to elevated concentrations of Cu2+ the improved sulfate and water-soluble non-protein thiols need further studies for the evaluation of their direct relation with the synthesis of metal-chelating compounds (i.e. phytochelatins).
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