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Additional Information

Competing Interests

There are no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Joaquín Muñoz conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper.

Francisco Amat contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Andy J Green contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Jordi Figuerola analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Africa Gómez conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

DNA Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of DNA sequences:

Sequences are currently being processed by GenBank (COI Accession Numbers: KF662951-KF663043, 16S still unavailable).

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of related data:

We plan to deposit alignments and input files for RDA analysis in Dryad.

Funding

AG was supported by a National Environment Research Council (NERC) Advanced Fellowship (NE/B501298/1). JM was supported by a Junta de Andalucía Excelence Project (P07-RNM-02511) and a European Science Foundation (ESF) grant awarded from the Research Networking Program Activity (ConGenOmics - EX/3646). AJG's sampling work in Canada was supported by a mobility grant from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (PR2008-0293) and help from M.T. Bidwell, and was otherwise supported by the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Project CGL2010-16028, including FEDER funds). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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