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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Maria Leanna Enecio performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables.

Nir Y. Krakauer reviewed drafts of the paper.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of related data:


This project was funded by an agreement (I98297411) awarded by the Environmental Protection Agency to the New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission in partnership with the New York-New Jersey Harbor & Estuary Program. Although the information in this document has been funded wholly or in part by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under agreement I98297411 to NEIWPCC, it has not undergone the Agency’s publications review process and therefore, may not necessarily reflect the views of the Agency and no official endorsement should be inferred. The viewpoints expressed here do not necessarily represent those of NEIWPCC or U.S. EPA nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or causes constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. NYK was supported by NOAA under grants NA11SEC4810004 and NA12OAR4310084. All statements made are the views of the authors and not the opinions of the funding agency or the U.S. government. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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