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Additional Information

Competing Interests

The authors declare they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Michel Rahbeh analyzed the data, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

David Chanasyk conceived and designed the experiments, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools.

Shane Patterson conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments.


Funding for this study was received from Alberta-Pacific Forest Products Inc. and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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