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Additional Information

Competing Interests

David M. Merritt and Brett B. Roper are employees of the USDA Forest Service, and A. Lexine Long is an employee of the United States Geological Survey.

Author Contributions

Nate W Hough-Snee conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Brian Laub conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

David M. Merritt conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper, conceptual models and research framework development.

A. Lexine Long conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Lloyd L. Nackley conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Brett B. Roper conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Joseph M Wheaton conceived and designed the experiments, wrote the paper, prepared figures and/or tables, reviewed drafts of the paper.

Data Deposition

The following information was supplied regarding the deposition of related data:

This data will be published alongside the final version of the article at the accepting journal. In the case of Ecosphere, this would mean Ecological Archives.

Funding

USFS Regions one, four and six and BLM state field offices funded data collection and management through the PACFISH/INFISH Biological Opinion EMP. NH-S was supported in part by a Presidential Fellowship from Utah State University and STAR Fellowship Assistance Agreement no. 91768201 – 0 awarded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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